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  1. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  2. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  3. Ask the Experts

  4. Around cats

    | Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...

  5. With man's best friend

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...

  6. Cat, dog and house dust mite allergen levels on children's soft toys

    | Contributor(s):: Wu, FuSheng, Wu, MeiWen, Ting, MingHui, Crane, J., Siebers, R.

    Objective: Children's soft toys are known to harbour house dust mite (HDM) allergens, but little is known whether they harbour cat or dog allergens. The objective of the study was to measure cat (Fel d 1), dog (Can f 1) and HDM allergens on children's soft toys. Methods: Dust was collected from...

  7. Sancassania berlesei (Michael, 1903): an opportunistic mite infesting litters in poultry farms causing dermatitis in humans and animals

    | Contributor(s):: M. Principato, F. Lisi, I. Moretta, N. Samra, F. Puccetti

    Reported herein are some cases of human dermatitis caused by S. berlesei, a mite coming from seriously infested poultry farms. It appears unable to determine traumatic lesions on human skin, but it causes itch and inflammation also at the level of mucosas. Besides this mite can be found...

  8. Evaluation of routinely collected veterinary and human health data for surveillance of human tick-borne diseases in North Carolina

    | Contributor(s):: Rhea, S. K., Glickman, S. W., Waller, A., Ising, A., Maillard, J. M., Lund, E. M., Glickman, L. T.

  9. Cat and dust mite sensitivity and tolerance in relation to wheezing among children raised with high exposure to both allergens

    | Contributor(s):: Erwin, E. A., Wickens, K., Custis, N. J., Siebers, R., Woodfolk, J., Barry, D., Crane, J., Platts-Mills, T. A.

  10. Lung function at age 3 years: effect of pet ownership and exposure to indoor allergens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lowe, L. A., Woodcock, A., Murray, C. S., Morris, J., Simpson, A., Custovic, A.

    Objective  To investigate the effect of pet ownership and exposure to indoor allergens on lung function in 3-year-old children. Design  Birth cohort study. Setting  Community. Participants  Children recruited prenatally and followed prospectively...

  11. Stepping and kicking behaviour during milking in relation to response in human-animal interaction test and clinical health in loose housed dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Bonde, M., Badsberg, J. H., Sorensen, J. T.

    Associations between kicking and stepping behaviour during milking and response to humans, getting up behaviour as well as clinical health status in loose housed dairy cows were investigated. During a 12-month period behavioural and clinical data from 10 commercial Danish dairy herds were...

  12. Effect of infestation with Psoroptes ovis on the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of housed sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Berriatua, E., French, N. P., Broster, C. E., Morgan, K. L., Wall, R.

    The relationship between Psoroptes ovis infestation and the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of sheep was examined as part of a longitudinal study of sheep scab. A total of 40 non-infested, scab-naive sheep were divided into six groups of between 6 and 20 individuals and each group was...

  13. Hygiene measures for animal-assisted interventions in hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals and retirement homes

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, C., Herr, C., Eikmann, T.

    Active or passive interactions with animals in animal-assisted interventions can be of great physical (reduction of hypertension, cardiac and circulatory troubles, muscle relaxation, pain relief etc.) and psychosocial (reduction of loneliness, fear and hostility, improvement of self-confidence)...

  14. The effect of essential oils showing acaricidal activity against the poultry red mite ( Dermanyssus gallinae ) on aspects of welfare and production of laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: George, Sparagano, O. A. E., Port, G., Okello, E., Shiel, R. S., Guy, J. H.

    The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) causes severe welfare concerns for laying hens arising from anaemia and disease transmission, and has been identified as an associated risk factor in cannibalistic feather pecking. Previous work suggests that essential oils may offer an alternative to...

  15. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    | Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...