Flocking for food or flockmates?
Contributor(s):: Asher, Lucy, Collins, Lisa M., Pfeiffer, Dirk U., Nicol, Christine J.
Animals in groups behave cohesively, even when those animals are domesticated and are housed in limited environments. But how is such group cohesion maintained? Do animals move in an independent manner, according to their own motivations, or in a social manner, with respect to the movements of...
The Frequencies of Immunosuppressive Cells in Adipose Tissue Differ in Human, Non-human Primate, and Mouse Models
Contributor(s):: Laparra, A., Tricot, S., Le Van, M., Damouche, A., Gorwood, J., Vaslin, B., Favier, B., Benoist, S., Ho Tsong Fang, R., Bosquet, N., Le Grand, R., Chapon, C., Lambotte, O., Bourgeois, C.
Use of social network analysis to improve the understanding of social behaviour in dairy cattle and its impact on disease transmission
Contributor(s):: de Freslon, Inès, Martínez-López, Beatriz, Belkhiria, Jaber, Strappini, Ana, Monti, Gustavo
A better comprehension of cattle contact structure can enhance the prevention of the transmission of infectious agents within livestock farms. Social network analysis has proven to provide a more accurate picture of social structures than traditional methods. In this study, we focused on...
A comparison of inferential analysis methods for multilevel studies: Implications for drawing conclusions in animal welfare science
Contributor(s):: Stevens, Kara N., Asher, Lucy, Griffin, Kym, Friel, Mary, O'Connell, Niamh, Collins, Lisa M.
Investigations comparing the behaviour and welfare of animals in different environments have led to mixed and often conflicting results. These could arise from genuine differences in welfare, poor validity of indicators, low statistical power, publication bias, or inappropriate statistical...
Agent-based modelling in applied ethology: An exploratory case study of behavioural dynamics in tail biting in pigs
Contributor(s):: Boumans, Iris J. M. M., Hofstede, Gert Jan, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth, de Boer, Imke J. M., Bokkers, Eddie A. M.
Understanding behavioural dynamics in pigs is important to assess pig welfare in current intensive pig production systems. Agent-based modelling (ABM) is an approach to gain insight into behavioural dynamics in pigs, but its use in applied ethology and animal welfare science has been limited so...
Wild Health: Dogs and Bats and Chickens, Oh My!
Contributor(s):: Voelker, R.
Emotional support animal assessments: Toward a standard and comprehensive model for mental health professionals
Contributor(s):: Younggren, Jeffrey N., Boness, Cassandra L., Bryant, Leisl M., Koocher, Gerald P.
Testing olfactory function and mapping the structural olfactory networks in the brain
Contributor(s):: Fjaeldstad, A.
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
| Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
| Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams
| Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
| Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Profiling a one-health model for priority populations
| Contributor(s):: Panning, C., Lem, M., Bateman, S.
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
The protective association between pet ownership and depression among street-involved youth: a cross-sectional study
| Contributor(s):: Lem, M., Coe, J. B., Haley, D. B., Stone, E., O'Grady, W.
Street-involved youth represent a particularly vulnerable subsection of the homeless population and are at increased risk of health problems, substance abuse, and depression. Qualitative research has demonstrated that animal companions help homeless youth cope with loneliness, are motivators for...
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....