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  1. Piglet mortality on farms using farrowing systems with or without crates

    Contributor(s):: Weber, R., Keil, N. M., Fehr, M., Horat, R.

    Crating sows in farrowing systems greatly restricts their normal behaviour, which is usually justified by the assumption that piglet mortality is higher with loose-housed sows. Based on experiments showing that this is not the case, farrowing crates were banned in Switzerland in 1997. Since then,...

  2. Relationships between multiple welfare indicators measured in individual chickens across different time periods and environments

    Contributor(s):: Nicol, C. J., Caplen, G., Edgar, J., Richards, G., Browne, W. J.

    The assessment of animal welfare requires the collection of multiple indicators of welfare but quantification of their associations in different contexts is lacking. Previous studies have examined correlations between a few indicators, but not relationships between many different indicators, or...

  3. Review of wallowing in pigs: implications for animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M., Spoolder, H.

    Most modern production systems, especially in temperate climates, do not offer wallowing facilities to pigs and, to date, this has neither generated much concern in welfare science nor public debate on pig welfare. Nevertheless, wallowing is a natural behaviour of pigs which may be important to...

  4. RICHPIG: a semantic model to assess enrichment materials for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    A computer-based model was constructed to assess enrichment materials (EMats) for intensively-farmed weaned, growing and fattening pigs on a scale from 0 to 10. This model, called RICHPIG, was constructed in order to support the further implementation of EC Directive 2001/93/EC, which states that...

  5. Selective breeding of primates for use in research: consequences and challenges

    Contributor(s):: Honess, P., Stanley-Griffiths, M. A., Narainapoulle, S., Naiken, S., Andrianjazalahatra, T.

    Primates are bred in captivity for a number of purposes, from zoo-based captive breeding programmes for conservation to breeding for biomedical research. In each case, breeding animals that are fit for purpose, either as viable candidates for reintroduction or as valid research models, has...

  6. The effect of management system on mortality and other welfare indicators in Pennsylvania dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Dechow, C. D., Smith, E. A., Goodling, R. C.

    The objective of this study was to identify farm characteristics that were associated with cow (Bos taurus) welfare outcomes, including mortality rate, culling by 60 days of lactation, survival to >=6 years of age and >=5th parity (aged cows), somatic cell score, milk yield, and milk composition....

  7. What causes crowding? Effects of space, facilities and group size on behaviour, with particular reference to furnished cages for hens

    Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C.

    Theoretical models are presented of the effects of space, facilities and group size on the behaviour of chickens at high stocking densities, with relevance for all animals. The appropriateness of each model is supported by published data, although such data are scant for some important variables....

  8. Implementing a hospital-based animal therapy program for children with cancer: a descriptive study

    Contributor(s):: Gagnon, J., Bouchard, F., Landry, M., Belles-Isles, M., Fortier, M., Fillion, L.

  9. Enhancing the human animal bond through communication

    Contributor(s):: Shaw, J. R., Adams, C. L.