Randomized, placebo-controlled prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the Assisi anti-anxiety device (calmer canine) for the treatment of canine separation anxiety
| Contributor(s):: Pankratz, K., Korman, J., Emke, C., Johnson, B., Griffith, E. H., Gruen, M. E.
Introduction: Separation anxiety (SA) is among the most common canine behavior disorders and affects quality-of-life for dogs and their owners. Dogs with SA show signs of anxiety during absence or perceived absence of their owners. While psychoactive medications are often helpful for...
A Leash on Life: An Exploratory Study on the Effects of a Shelter-Dog Walking Program for Veterans on Dogs’ Stress
| Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Payton, Megan, Blanchard, Kelly, Storm, Asha, Barr, Erik, Gee, Nancy R.
In-tank underwater cameras can refine monitoring of laboratory fish
| Contributor(s):: Ellis, T., Rimmer, G. S. E., Parker, S. J., Joiner, C., Sebire, M., Verner-Jeffreys, D. W., Lines, J.
A systematic review o f the potential uses of on-animal sensors to monitor the welfare of sheep evaluated using the Five Domains Model as a framework
| Contributor(s):: Fogarty, E. S., Swain, D. L., Cronin, G. M., Trotter, M.
A zoo animal's neighbourhood: how conspecific neighbours impact welfare
| Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.
Using technology to monitor and improve zoo animal welfare
Evaluation of the fitbark activity monitor for measuring physical activity in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Colpoys, J., Decock, D.
Accelerometers track changes in physical activity which can indicate health and welfare concerns in dogs. The FitBark 2 (FitBark) is an accelerometer for use with dogs; however, no studies have externally validated this tool. The objective of this study was to evaluate FitBark criterion...
Identification of specific call types produced by pre-weaning gilts in response to isolation
| Contributor(s):: Olson, Mariah J., Creamer, Maggie, Horback, Kristina M.
Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation
| Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Bleach, Emma, Amory, Jonathan, Scaife, Jes
The present study examines the impact of lameness on the time budgets and gait of dairy cattle during early lactation. Automated assessment of activity together with an objective method (using video motion analysis) of assessing the gait of the cattle was utilised. Twenty-five Holstein dairy cows...
The effect of lameness on lying behaviour of zero grazed Holstein dairy cattle
| Contributor(s):: Blackie, Nicola, Amory, Jonathan, Bleach, Emma, Scaife, Jes
The present study examines the impact of chronic lameness, where animals remained the same locomotion score for 3 consecutive months on lying behaviour of dairy cattle. The 59 lactating Holstein dairy cows recruited to the study, were grouped according to locomotion score (LS) where low scores...
An automated positioning system for monitoring chickens' location: Effects of wearing a backpack on behaviour, leg health and production
| Contributor(s):: Stadig, Lisanne M., Rodenburg, T. Bas, Ampe, Bart, Reubens, Bert, Tuyttens, Frank A. M.
Automated tracking of the location of individual chickens is becoming more common in behavioural research. This technology has several advantages including gathering large amounts of data and monitoring of individual animals as opposed to flocks. To ensure the quality of the research the...
The effects of global navigation satellite system (GNSS) collars on cattle (Bos taurus) behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Manning, Jaime K., Cronin, Greg M., González, Luciano A., Hall, Evelyn J. S., Merchant, Andrew, Ingram, Lachlan J.
The use of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) collars has become an increasingly important research tool to study the behaviour of domestic livestock species in grazing conditions. However, relatively little is known about the effects on livestock behaviour of livestock “wearing” such...
A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids—A method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)
| Contributor(s):: Ali, Ahmed B. A., El Sayed, Mohammed A., Matoock, Mohamed Y., Fouad, Manal A., Heleski, Camie R.
There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or...
Perch-shape preference and perching behaviors of young laying hens
| Contributor(s):: Liu, Kai, Xin, Hongwei, Shepherd, Tim, Zhao, Yang
Provision of perches in enriched colony or cage-free hen housing facilitates birds' ability to express natural behaviors, thus enhancing animal welfare. Although considerable research has been conducted on poultry perches, further investigation is needed of perching behavior and preference of...
Behavioural and physiological responses of laying hens to automated monitoring equipment
| Contributor(s):: Buijs, Stephanie, Booth, Francesca, Richards, Gemma, McGaughey, Laura, Nicol, Christine J., Edgar, Joanne, Tarlton, John F.
Automated monitoring of behaviour can offer a wealth of information in circumstances where observing behaviour is difficult or time consuming. However, this often requires attaching monitoring devices to the animal which can alter behaviour, potentially invalidating any data collected. Birds...
How does cat behaviour influence the development and implementation of monitoring techniques and lethal control methods for feral cats?
| Contributor(s):: Fisher, P., Algar, D., Murphy, E., Johnston, M., Eason, C.
The need for lethal control of feral cats will remain in some contexts and potentially increase in others, alongside an obligation to develop and apply methods that are as cost-effective, humane and target-specific as possible. Drawing on practices particularly used in Australia, New Zealand and...
The effects of radar on avian behavior: implications for wildlife management at airports
| Contributor(s):: Sheridan, E., Randolet, J., DeVault, T. L., Seamans, T. W., Blackwell, B. F., Fernandez-Juricic, E.
Airports often contain foraging, breeding, and roosting resources for wildlife. Airports also have different types of radars to assist with air traffic control, monitoring weather, and tracking wildlife that could become a risk for collision with aircraft. The effect of radar electromagnetic...
Evaluation of a novel rodenticide: acute sub-lethal effects of a methaemoglobin-inducing agent
| Contributor(s):: Quy, R. J., Gibson, T. J., Lambert, M. S., Eason, C. T., Gregory, N. G.
In a series of experiments the welfare of para-aminovalerophenone (PAVP) sub-lethally poisoned rats ( Rattus norvegicus) was assessed. The experiments: (i) examined the acute methaemoglobin (MetHb) profile over time; (ii) refined the LD50 estimate for PAVP in adult female rats; (iii) developed...
Effects of catching and transportation versus pre-slaughter handling at the abattoir on the prevalence of wing fractures in broilers
| Contributor(s):: Kittelsen, K. E., Granquist, E. G., Vasdal, G., Tolo, E., Moe, R. O.
Fractures occurring in conscious broiler chickens are painful and severely compromise animal welfare. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of pre-slaughter handling procedures on the frequency of wing fractures. Wings were examined for fractures in 11,609 broilers, from 12...