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  1. A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...

  2. A survey of wildlife rehabilitation in South Africa: is there a need for improved management?

    Contributor(s):: Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T., Boyes, R. S.

    The focus of wildlife rehabilitation is the survival of the individual animal, often leading to rehabilitators being in conflict with government wildlife officials, who regulate the industry and whose focus is on the security of entire wildlife communities. In South Africa, wildlife...

  3. An animal-based welfare assessment of group-housed calves on UK dairy farms

    Contributor(s):: Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.

    A series of measures of calf welfare was developed through a process of expert consultation. A welfare assessment of group-housed calves was carried out on 53 UK dairy farms during the winter of 2000/01. The assessment used animal-based measures including direct observation of the calves and...

  4. An assessment of laboratory mouse welfare in UK animal units

    Contributor(s):: Leach, M. C., Main, D. C. J.

    The welfare of conventional stock laboratory mice has been assessed in 46 UK animal units using an expert-defined welfare assessment protocol containing 119 measures of mouse welfare. These were recorded using a questionnaire and observations made during a one-day visit to each unit. The standard...

  5. Animal-based parameters are no panacea for on-farm monitoring of animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    On-farm monitoring of animal welfare is an important, present-day objective in animal welfare science. Scientists tend to focus exclusively on animal-based parameters, possibly because using environment-based parameters could be begging the question why welfare has been affected and because...

  6. Assessing animal welfare in a strictly synchronous production system: the mink case

    Contributor(s):: Moller, S. H., Hansen, S. W., Sorensen, J. T.

    Most on-farm welfare assessment systems have been developed for use in dairy and pig farms. These production systems are non-synchronous, in the sense that the same processes occur continuously throughout the year. Animal welfare during most or all phases of production may therefore be assessed...

  7. Assessing the welfare status of newborn farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Stafford, K. J.

    Although major progress has been made during the last 50 years in understanding the causes of, and devising methods to minimize, neonatal mortality and morbidity in farm animals, almost all of this progress has been made without an explicit animal welfare focus. Nevertheless, knowledgeable...

  8. Developing a welfare assessment system for use in commercial organic egg production

    Contributor(s):: Hegelund, L., Sorensen, J. T., Johansen, N. F.

    A welfare assessment system is being developed for commercial organic egg production based on indicators of behaviour, health, system, and management, which is the general Danish Institute for Agricultural Science (DIAS) concept for assessing animal welfare at farm level. The welfare assessment...

  9. Do farmers and scientists differ in their understanding and assessment of farm animal welfare? (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    Contributor(s):: Hubbard, C., Scott, K.

    In response to an increased public awareness regarding how livestock are reared, animal welfare scientists have attempted to develop new methods of welfare assessment at the farm level. Furthermore, in recent years they have increasingly moved away from the conventional approach of evaluating the...

  10. Evaluation of parameters for monitoring welfare during transport and lairage at the abattoir in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Fabrega, E., Coma, J., Tibau, J., Manteca, X., Velarde, A.

    New transport legislation and society demands may increase the need for a 'fast' method to assess animal welfare at the abattoir. The objective of this study was to identify valid and feasible parameters which could be easily assessed at slaughterline in pigs. Eight transports (4 'far' and 4...

  11. Evaluation of the acute phase protein haptoglobin as an indicator of herd health in slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s):: Berg, A. van den, Danuser, J., Frey, J., Regula, G.

    Health is an important aspect of animal welfare, which is difficult to assess at herd level. Clinical examination of individual animals is time-consuming, and most measures of clinical herd health depend significantly on the examiner. Acute phase proteins are produced during inflammatory...

  12. Haematological and biochemical responses of red foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) to different capture methods and shooting

    Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A.

    This paper sought to determine whether common haematology and blood biochemistry values might assist in determining the relative welfare outcomes arising from the capture of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) by treadle-snares, Victor Soft CatchReg. (VSC) #3 traps, cage traps, netting and sampling by...

  13. Inter-observer and test-retest reliability of on-farm behavioural observations in veal calves

    Contributor(s):: Bokkers, E. A. M., Leruste, H., Heutinck, L. F. M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Lensink, B. J., Reenen, C. G. van

    The objective of this study was to investigate inter-observer and test-retest reliability of different behavioural observations to be used in an on-farm, animal welfare monitoring system for veal calves. Twenty-three veal calf farms, varying in size, housing system, feeding regime and age of the...

  14. Is sleep in animals affected by prior waking experiences?

    Contributor(s):: Langford, F. M., Cockram, M. S.

    Methods to assess changes in the mental state of animals in response to their environment can be used to provide information to enhance animal welfare. One of the most profound changes of mental state observable in mammals is the change between wakefulness and sleep. Sleeping mammals have...

  15. Minimally invasive health monitoring of wildlife

    Contributor(s):: Cooper, J. E.

  16. On-farm monitoring of pig welfare by assessment of housing, management, health records and plasma haptoglobin

    Contributor(s):: Geers, R., Petersen, B., Huysmans, K., Knura-Deszczka, S., Becker, M. de, Gymnich, S., Henot, D., Hiss, S., Sauerwein, H.

    Current research is focusing on integrated longitudinal assessment of animal welfare at the farm-level. Housing and management systems may influence pain, discomfort, fear, hunger and abnormal behaviour of farm animals. Poor health records and increased levels of haptoglobin have been shown to...

  17. Optimisation of breeding strategies to reduce the prevalence of inherited disease in pedigree dogs

    Contributor(s):: Lewis, T. W., Woolliams, J. A., Blott, S. C.

    One option for improving the welfare of purebred dog breeds is to implement health breeding programmes, which allow selection to be directed against known diseases while controlling the rate of inbreeding to a minimal level in order to maintain the long-term health of the breed. The aim of this...

  18. Peripartum health and welfare of Holstein-Friesian cows in a confinement-TMR system compared to a pasture-based system

    Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Mee, J. F., Hanlon, A., Patton, J., Murphy, J. J., Boyle, L.

    The greatest challenge to the welfare of dairy cows occurs in the peripartum period. Given the perception that cow welfare is better in more natural environments, it was hypothesised that cows in a PASTURE-based production system (cubicle housing with grass silage pre-partum and rotational...

  19. Preliminary evaluation of a prototype welfare monitoring system for sows and piglets (Welfare QualityReg. project)

    Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Binnendijk, G. P., Edwards, S. A., Guy, J. H., Kiezebrink, M. C., Vermeer, H. M.

    The Welfare QualityReg. project aims to develop a European on-farm welfare assessment standard for pigs, amongst other species. A prototype monitoring system was developed for sows and piglets using predominantly animal-based measures of behaviour, health and physiology to assess welfare. The...

  20. Relationship between the response to the corneal reflex (depth of narcosis) and specific parameters in the slaughter blood of pigs narcotised with CO<sub>2</sub>;

    Contributor(s):: Hartmann, H., Rindermann, G., Siegling-Vlitakis, C., Arndt, G., Wolf, K., Fries, R.

    There has been insufficient research into CO2 stunning with regard to its effect on pigs being slaughtered. This lack of knowledge may be at least partly responsible for the partial rejection of CO2-stunning methods. During routine slaughter work, 598 pigs (average carcase weight: 94 kg) were...