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  1. Welfare Improvement by Enrichment Programs in Common Marmoset Females Under Social Isolation

    Contributor(s):: de França Santos, Mariana, de Menezes Galvão, Ana Cecília, Santos Silva, Flávia, dos Santos Silva, Erick, de Sousa, Geovan, Lobão-Soares, Bruno, Gonçalves Ferreira, Renata, de Sousa, Maria Bernardete, Leite Galvão-Coelho, Nicole

  2. Use of Vertical Enclosure Space and Species-Typical Locomotion by a Rehabilitating Spider Monkey (Ateles fusciceps)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jake Funkhouser

    With wild spider monkey populations in decline, investigations contributing to captive welfare, and successful rehabilitation and reintroduction knowledge is increasingly pressing. Quantifying and analyzing the appropriateness of naturalistic enclosure designs to foster species-typical...

  3. Assessing the potential impact of zoo visitors on the welfare and cognitive performance of Japanese macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Huskisson, Sarah M., Doelling, Christina R., Ross, Stephen R., Hopper, Lydia M.

  4. Preparing The Yucatan Black Howler Monkey for Its Return to The Wild: An Assessment of Wildtracks' Approach to Rehabilitation and Reintroduction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Blanca Ponce

    Nearly half of non-human primates are in danger of extinction due to the negative impact of anthropogenic activities. Among the species most negatively affected is the family Atelidae (Di Fiore, Link, & Campbell, 2011). For this reason, non-human primates remain a central focus in global...

  5. The utility of voluntary weighing in captive group-living rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Zijlmans, D. G. M., Vernes, M. K., Sterck, E. H. M., Langermans, J. A. M.

  6. Do social factors related to allostatic load affect stereotypy susceptibility? Management implications for captive social animals

    | Contributor(s):: Nagy-Reis, M. B., Mendonca-Furtado, O., Resende, B.

  7. Does mirror enrichment improve primate well-being?

    | Contributor(s):: de Groot, B., Cheyne, S. M.

  8. Behaviour and welfare: the visitor effect in captive felids

    | Contributor(s):: Suarez, P., Recuerda, P., Arias-de-Reyna, L.

  9. Altered Food Habits? Understanding the Feeding Preference of Free-Ranging Gray Langurs Within an Urban Settlement

    | Contributor(s):: Dasgupta, D., Banerjee, A., Karar, R., Banerjee, D., Mitra, S., Sardar, P., Karmakar, S., Bhattacharya, A., Ghosh, S., Bhattacharjee, P., Paul, M.

  10. Reliably signalling a startling husbandry event improves welfare of zoo-housed capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    | Contributor(s):: Rimpley, Kristina, Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.

    Animals kept in captivity are reliant on humans for their care and welfare. Enclosure design, and choice of group mates as well as routine husbandry events such as feeding, cleaning, and health care are in the hands of human keepers. It is therefore important to understand how external...

  11. Interspecific interactions and welfare implications in mixed species communities of capuchin (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) over 3 years

    | Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M., Griciute, Joana, Daoudi, Sophia, Leonardi, Rebecca, Whiten, Andrew

    Species have complex relationships with others in the wild, and some such as capuchin (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) naturally choose to associate with each other. There are a number of benefits of exhibiting such species in correspondingly mixed communities in captivity...

  12. The effects of predictability in daily husbandry routines on captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, Daniel H., Coleman, Kristine, McCowan, Brenda

    Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) housed indoors experience many routine husbandry activities on a daily basis. The anticipation of these events can lead to stress, regardless of whether the events themselves are positive or aversive in nature. The specific goal of this study was to identify...

  13. Social housing of surplus males of Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus): Compatibility of intact and castrated males in different social settings

    | Contributor(s):: Dröscher, Iris, Waitt, Corri D.

    Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus) naturally form social groups containing typically only one adult male. However, this social system is problematic with regard to captive management, as it can lead to the production of surplus males. The study assessed if castration is a feasible strategy to...

  14. Early rearing interacts with temperament and housing to influence the risk for motor stereotypy in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Vandeleest, Jessica J., McCowan, Brenda, Capitanio, John P.

    Laboratory and zoo housed non-human primates sometimes exhibit abnormal behaviors that are thought to reflect reduced well-being. Previous research attempted to identify risk factors to aid in the prevention and treatment of these behaviors, and focused on demographic (e.g. sex or age) and...

  15. The inescapable problem of lab animal restraint | Garet Lahvis | TEDxMtHood

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Garet Lahvis

      Garet Lahvis is a pioneer in academic research on the mental experiences of laboratory mice and is an internationally recognized scientific expert on empathy. Using sophisticated behavioral experiments, his laboratory discovered that mice enjoy living with other mice and they can also...

  16. The impact of exhibit type on behaviour of caged and free-ranging tamarins

    | Contributor(s):: Bryan, Kayley, Bremner-Harrison, Samantha, Price, Eluned, Wormell, Dominic

    The lack of appropriate stimuli associated with captive environments has been documented to cause several behavioural and physiological issues in captive species, including loss of natural behaviours, psychopathologies and decreased reproductive success. Providing free-ranging, naturalistic...

  17. Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    | Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander

    Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...

  18. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus spp.)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Renata G., Mendl, Michael, Wagner, Paulo Guilherme Carniel, Araujo, Talita, Nunes, Daniela, Mafra, Antonieta Looman

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as ‘proactive’ and ‘reactive’. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive...

  19. Evaluation of cognitive function in adult rhesus monkeys using the finger maze test

    | Contributor(s):: Kim, Keonwoo, Jeon, Hyeon-Ae, Seo, Jincheol, Park, Junghyung, Won, Jinyoung, Yeo, Hyeon-Gu, Jeon, Chang-Yeop, Huh, Jae-Won, Kim, Young-Hyun, Hong, Yonggeun, Choi, Ji-Woong, Lee, Youngjeon

    In research on cognitive function, the use of experimental animals is essential for the study of human cognitive processes and mechanisms. Furthermore, non-human primates are necessary for understanding higher cognitive functions in humans. However, there are few cognitive function tests...

  20. Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy

    Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...