Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data
| Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy
Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...
Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement
AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque. METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...
Menace and Management: Power in the Human-Monkey Social Worlds of Delhi and Shimla
| Contributor(s):: Daniel Allen Solomon
This dissertation is based on ethnographic and textual research among the monkeys and humans of two Indian metropolises, mostly between 2006-2010. The monkeys are rhesus macaques, who have lived alongside humans in South Asia for thousands of years, make their livings in apparently anthropogenic...
Human-Wildlife conflicts in Mwanachingwala conservation area(MCA) Kafue Flats of Zambia
| Contributor(s):: Mutandalike Choonga S
The study of the human-wildUfe conflicts in MCA Kafue flats was done in the month of August. The study used a structured questionnaire, focus group discussions and individual intennews unth randomly chosen individuals. Descriptive SPSS software was used to analyze the data at two levels: the...
Influência da visitação no comportamento de macacos-prego (Cebus apella) em zoológicos
| Contributor(s):: Glaucia Cristiana Wunderlich Farias
O bem-estar dos animais mantidos em zoológicos pode ser afetado por aspectos de ordem estrutural, ambiental e pelos tipos de relações que os mesmos desenvolvem com os visitantes. Os macacos-prego (Cebus apella) encontram-se, atualmente, em número significativo em...
Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.
Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...
Tailored enrichment strategies and stereotypic behavior in captive individually housed macaques ( Macaca spp.)
| Contributor(s):: Cannon, T. H., Heistermann, M., Hankison, S. J., Hockings, K. J., McLennan, M. R.
The welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity is widely dependent on the natural psychological, physical, and behavioral needs of the animals and how adequately these needs are met. Inability to engage in natural behaviors can lead to chronic stress and expression of stereotypic behavior. The...
Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques ( Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank
| Contributor(s):: Wergard, E. M., Westlund, K., Spangberg, M., Fredlund, H., Forkman, B.
Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...
Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.
Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...
Farmers' perceptions of the impacts of human- wildlife conflict on their livelihood and natural resource management efforts in Cheha Woreda of Guraghe Zone, Ethiopia
| Contributor(s):: Mojo, Dagne, Rothschuh, Jessica, Alebachew, Mehari
Investigating potential effects of the contraceptive Implanon on the behavior of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques
| Contributor(s):: Maijer, A. M., Semple, S.
In recent years, the use of hormonal contraception in captive, free-ranging, and wild mammal populations has increased, but the effects on these nonhuman animals' behavior and the associated welfare impacts remain poorly understood. This study of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques (...
The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the affective state of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus)
| Contributor(s):: Ash, H., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.
Early life environment, including temporary family separation, can have a major influence on affective state. Using a battery of tests, the current study compared the performance of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus), reared as infants under 3 different conditions: family-reared twins,...
World Day for Laboratory Animals
| Contributor(s):: Kheel, M.
The Human Intruder Test: An Anxiety Assessment in Rhesus Macaques (Macaca Mulatta)
| Contributor(s):: Emily J. Peterson
The human intruder test (HIT) is a noninvasive tool widely used for assessing anxiety in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). This thesis explores the HIT procedure and applies it to a population of monkeys with a self-injurious behavioral pathology. Individual variation on this test can be used to...
Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)
| Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.
Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...
Chinese visitors' experiences of nature and wild macaques: inspiration and personal growth for living in Hong Kong
| Contributor(s):: Lee, WingNaam, Davey, G.
Country parks offer urban residents the opportunity to experience wildlife, engage in environmental education, and socially bond with family and friends, but little is known about these experiences in China. Twenty-five interviews were conducted in 2012 to investigate the meanings Hong Kong...
The effect of a feeding schedule change and the provision of forage material on hair eating in a group of captive baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.)
| Contributor(s):: Nevill, C. H., Lutz, C. K.
Hair eating in nonhuman primates is thought to result from a frustrated appetitive drive produced by an inappropriate diet. To investigate whether hair eating could be reduced through changes in diet, a 2-part study was conducted with a group of baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.). The 1st part...
Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare
| Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.
Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...
Refinement of welfare through development of a quantitative system for assessment of lifetime experience
| Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Sharpe, S., Hall, I., Lawrence, S., Kitchen, S., Dennis, M.
This paper proposes a system that uses intrinsic study data to provide a clear visualisation of the stresses involved during the animal's life history that can be applied to all types of studies, even those not requiring invasive techniques. Thus, it provides an opportunity for researchers to...
Can humans discriminate between dogs on the base of the acoustic parameters of barks?
| Contributor(s):: Molnar, C., Pongracz, P., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.