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  1. Reliably signalling a startling husbandry event improves welfare of zoo-housed capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    Contributor(s):: Rimpley, Kristina, Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M.

    Animals kept in captivity are reliant on humans for their care and welfare. Enclosure design, and choice of group mates as well as routine husbandry events such as feeding, cleaning, and health care are in the hands of human keepers. It is therefore important to understand how external...

  2. Interspecific interactions and welfare implications in mixed species communities of capuchin (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) over 3 years

    Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M., Griciute, Joana, Daoudi, Sophia, Leonardi, Rebecca, Whiten, Andrew

    Species have complex relationships with others in the wild, and some such as capuchin (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) naturally choose to associate with each other. There are a number of benefits of exhibiting such species in correspondingly mixed communities in captivity...

  3. The effects of predictability in daily husbandry routines on captive rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, Daniel H., Coleman, Kristine, McCowan, Brenda

    Rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) housed indoors experience many routine husbandry activities on a daily basis. The anticipation of these events can lead to stress, regardless of whether the events themselves are positive or aversive in nature. The specific goal of this study was to identify...

  4. Social housing of surplus males of Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus): Compatibility of intact and castrated males in different social settings

    Contributor(s):: Dröscher, Iris, Waitt, Corri D.

    Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus) naturally form social groups containing typically only one adult male. However, this social system is problematic with regard to captive management, as it can lead to the production of surplus males. The study assessed if castration is a feasible strategy to...

  5. Early rearing interacts with temperament and housing to influence the risk for motor stereotypy in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Vandeleest, Jessica J., McCowan, Brenda, Capitanio, John P.

    Laboratory and zoo housed non-human primates sometimes exhibit abnormal behaviors that are thought to reflect reduced well-being. Previous research attempted to identify risk factors to aid in the prevention and treatment of these behaviors, and focused on demographic (e.g. sex or age) and...

  6. The impact of exhibit type on behaviour of caged and free-ranging tamarins

    Contributor(s):: Bryan, Kayley, Bremner-Harrison, Samantha, Price, Eluned, Wormell, Dominic

    The lack of appropriate stimuli associated with captive environments has been documented to cause several behavioural and physiological issues in captive species, including loss of natural behaviours, psychopathologies and decreased reproductive success. Providing free-ranging, naturalistic...

  7. Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander

    Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...

  8. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus spp.)

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Renata G., Mendl, Michael, Wagner, Paulo Guilherme Carniel, Araujo, Talita, Nunes, Daniela, Mafra, Antonieta Looman

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as ‘proactive’ and ‘reactive’. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...

  9. Evaluation of cognitive function in adult rhesus monkeys using the finger maze test

    Contributor(s):: Kim, Keonwoo, Jeon, Hyeon-Ae, Seo, Jincheol, Park, Junghyung, Won, Jinyoung, Yeo, Hyeon-Gu, Jeon, Chang-Yeop, Huh, Jae-Won, Kim, Young-Hyun, Hong, Yonggeun, Choi, Ji-Woong, Lee, Youngjeon

    In research on cognitive function, the use of experimental animals is essential for the study of human cognitive processes and mechanisms. Furthermore, non-human primates are necessary for understanding higher cognitive functions in humans. However, there are few cognitive function tests...

  10. Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy

    Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...

  11. Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement

    AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque.    METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...

  12. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  13. Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques ( Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank

    | Contributor(s):: Wergard, E. M., Westlund, K., Spangberg, M., Fredlund, H., Forkman, B.

    Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...

  14. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...

  15. Farmers' perceptions of the impacts of human- wildlife conflict on their livelihood and natural resource management efforts in Cheha Woreda of Guraghe Zone, Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Mojo, Dagne, Rothschuh, Jessica, Alebachew, Mehari

  16. The long-term impact of infant rearing background on the affective state of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus)

    | Contributor(s):: Ash, H., Buchanan-Smith, H. M.

    Early life environment, including temporary family separation, can have a major influence on affective state. Using a battery of tests, the current study compared the performance of adult common marmosets ( Callithrix jacchus), reared as infants under 3 different conditions: family-reared twins,...

  17. World Day for Laboratory Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Kheel, M.

  18. Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.

    Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...

  19. Chinese visitors' experiences of nature and wild macaques: inspiration and personal growth for living in Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, WingNaam, Davey, G.

    Country parks offer urban residents the opportunity to experience wildlife, engage in environmental education, and socially bond with family and friends, but little is known about these experiences in China. Twenty-five interviews were conducted in 2012 to investigate the meanings Hong Kong...

  20. The effect of a feeding schedule change and the provision of forage material on hair eating in a group of captive baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.)

    | Contributor(s):: Nevill, C. H., Lutz, C. K.

    Hair eating in nonhuman primates is thought to result from a frustrated appetitive drive produced by an inappropriate diet. To investigate whether hair eating could be reduced through changes in diet, a 2-part study was conducted with a group of baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.). The 1st part...