Rationalizing the Many Uses of Animals: Application of the 4N Justifications Beyond Meat
Contributor(s):: Jared Piazza, Lucy Cooper, Shannon Slater-Johnson
Past research has uncovered four common justifications for using animals as food -- the 4Ns -- that eating meat is Natural, Normal, Necessary, and Nice. The current research investigated the extent to which the 4Ns might apply more generally to other animal uses. Two studies examined the moral...
Utilitarianism for animals, Kantianism for people? Harming animals and humans for the greater good
Contributor(s):: Caviola, Lucius, Kahane, Guy, Everett, Jim A. C., Teperman, Elliot, Savulescu, Julian, Faber, Nadira S.
Attitudes to Animals in Cyprus and the UK: Associations with Personality, Delinquency, and Morality
Contributor(s):: Zalaf, Alexia, Egan, Vincent
The study aim was to investigate the associations between personality factors, attitudes to animals, moral values, and delinquent behaviors, and to examine the moderating effects of gender, age, and country of origin on these associations. This was a cross-cultural comparison of residents of...
Ethical Motivation and Vegetarian Dieting: The Underlying Role of Anti-speciesist Attitudes
Contributor(s):: Rosenfeld, Daniel L.
The most common motivation people have for becoming vegetarian is ethical concern about using animals for food. One ideology called speciesism—which entails assigning different moral worth to different species of animals—is thought to play a central role in promoting ethical vegetarianism....
“Animals Like Us”: Identifying with Nonhuman Animals and Support for Nonhuman Animal Rights
Contributor(s):: Plante, Courtney N., Reysen, Stephen, Roberts, Sharon E., Gerbasi, Kathleen
While anthropomorphizing nonhuman animals has been shown to increase identification with them and, by extension, concern for their wellbeing, little research has directly tested whether identifying with nonhuman animals is similarly associated with concern for their wellbeing. We tested...
Are Baby Animals Less Appetizing? Tenderness toward Baby Animals and Appetite for Meat
Contributor(s):: Piazza, Jared, McLatchie, Neil, Olesen, Cecilie
Three studies investigated whether thoughts and feelings generated by baby animals might oppose appetite for meat. A prestudy established babyness as an important factor predicting moral concern for farmed animals. Study 1 showed that presenting images of baby animals, versus adult animals, as...
The Indignity of Relative Concepts of Animal Dignity: A Qualitative Study of People Working with Nonhuman Animals
Contributor(s):: Persson, Kirsten, Elger, Bernice Simone, Shaw, David Martin
The Swiss animal welfare legislation is considered to be one of the strictest such laws worldwide. One unique feature is the inclusion of the concept of “dignity of the creature” and, more precisely, animal dignity. We interviewed 19 people from Switzerland and Germany about their concepts of...
Longitudinal effects of human supremacy beliefs and vegetarianism threat on moral exclusion (vs. inclusion) of animals
Contributor(s):: Leite, Ana C., Dhont, Kristof, Hodson, Gordon
Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study
| Contributor(s):: Qureshi, A. I., Memon, M. Z., Vazquez, G., Suri, M. F.
Background: The presence of pets has been associated with reduction of stress and blood pressure and therefore may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Relative risks (RR) of all deaths, death due to myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular diseases (MI or stroke), and...
Positive Thinking as a Moral and Existential Virtue
| Contributor(s):: Sandu, Frunza
The Moral Lives of Laboratory Monkeys: Television and the Ethics of Care
| Contributor(s):: Sharp, Lesley A.
Just Meat: Chicken-Pain, Intergenerational Justice, and the American Diet
| Contributor(s):: Stephen Scales
Peter Singer’s arguments against the morality of the typical American diet focus on the pain of animals, and lead to the conclusion that we must become committed vegans. His approach ignores the impact that different psychological capacities can legitimately have on our moral appraisal of...
Conflicting perspectives on nonhuman animal rescues in natural disasters
| Contributor(s):: Every, D., Due, C., Thompson, K., Ryan, J.
Nonhuman animal guardians are more at risk during natural disasters because they are likely to delay or refuse evacuation and return to evacuated disaster sites to rescue animals. Research on the human-animal bond (HAB) views animal guardians' actions as a reflection of a strong attachment....
Domestic Dogs ' (Canis lupus familiaris) Evaluation of Moral and Immoral Actors
| Contributor(s):: Katherine E. Ford
A sense of morality, or values predisposing what is right (fair, just, kind) and what is wrong (unfair, cruel, dishonest), appears universally across all humankind. All major cultures share support for some values, such as self-respect, respect for others, and 'the golden rule'treat...
Dogs avoid people who behave negatively to their owner: third-party affective evaluation
| Contributor(s):: Hitomi Chijiiwa, Hika Kuroshima, Yusuke Hori, James R. Anderson, Kazuo Fujita
Social eavesdropping, or social evaluation of third-party interactions, is a first step to image scoring, which is a key feature of humans' large-scale cooperative society. Here we asked whether domestic dogs evaluate humans interacting with one another over neutral objects. In two...
A Philosophic Enquiry into the Animal Welfare Issues in the Sport of Horse Racing
| Contributor(s):: Harry James Gaunt
The issue of animal welfare in the sport of horse racing has been deemed a contentious sporting issue by some. Lobbyists and animal liberation activists call for a complete ban on horse racing and events such as the Grand National held at Aintree racecourse as horses can feel suffering as...
Taking animals seriously: interpreting and institutionalizing human-animal relations in modern democracies
| Contributor(s):: Thomas Saretzki
Zoopolis by Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka (2011) is a very important contribution in the process of rethinking our relationship with animals. But is their proposal to conceptualize animals as co-citizens (in the case of domesticated animals) or as sovereign communities (in the case of wild...
Quando o animal dura mais que a estimação
| Contributor(s):: Jean Segata
O estudo das relações humanoanimal tem formado um campo que ganha boa expressão na antropologia contemporânea. Ele se desenvolve a partir de duas frentes de discussão que se complementam – uma política e outra epistemológica. A primeira...
The "Right to Autonomous Agency" and the "Right to Exit/ Sever Relationships": Theorizing our Obligations to Companion Animals in a Post-Animal Rights World
| Contributor(s):: Shitangshu Roy
This thesis expands on the model presented in Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka’s Zoopolis for how companion animals might be treated as co-citizens in a post-Animal Rights world. I will attempt to clarify the distinct political obligations owed to companion animals throughout their lifetimes...
Humans, Horses, and Hybrids : On Rights, Welfare, and Masculinity in Equestrian Sports
| Contributor(s):: Kutte Jonsson
The fact that horses play an essential role for equestrian sports raises rather specific ethical concerns. Questions like what should be morally permissible to do to (non-consenting) nonhumans for the sake of human interests become urgent. Is it not an example of (animal) rights violation to...