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  1. The Struggle Itself Toward the Heights Is Enough to Fill a Man's Heart: Calling, Moral Duty, Meaningfulness and Existential Self of Zookeepers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luisa G. Allen

    Applying Existential Sociology (Douglas & Johnson 1977, Manning 1973, Lyman and Scott 1989, Kotarba and Fontana 1984) as a theoretical foundation, this thesis endeavors to formulate first-order experiential understanding of zookeepers. Utilized is a mixed method approach comprising the...

  2. Seeking Sanctuary: Creating a New Utopia on a Donkey Farm

    | Contributor(s):: James, Anna, Pieterse, Jimmy

    A recent uptick in international trade in donkey hides has sparked intense concern among social activists. Several campaigns have been launched in attempts to protect donkeys and to ensure their wellbeing in response to what various groups have labeled a “crisis.” As a result, donkeys have...

  3. The Moral Divide Between High- and Low-Status Animals: The Role of Human Supremacy Beliefs

    | Contributor(s):: Krings, Victoria C., Dhont, Kristof, Salmen, Alina

  4. Public attitudes toward animals and the influential factors in contemporary China

    | Contributor(s):: Su, B., Martens, P.

  5. Understanding Iranian Livestock Breeders’ Intentions and Behavior Regarding Nonhuman Animal Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Salari, Fatemeh, Yazdanpanah, Masoud, Yaghoubi, Jafar, Forouzani, Masoumeh

  6. Rationalizing the Many Uses of Animals: Application of the 4N Justifications Beyond Meat

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jared Piazza, Lucy Cooper, Shannon Slater-Johnson

    Past research has uncovered four common justifications for using animals as food -- the 4Ns -- that eating meat is Natural, Normal, Necessary, and Nice. The current research investigated the extent to which the 4Ns might apply more generally to other animal uses. Two studies examined the moral...

  7. Utilitarianism for animals, Kantianism for people? Harming animals and humans for the greater good

    | Contributor(s):: Caviola, Lucius, Kahane, Guy, Everett, Jim A. C., Teperman, Elliot, Savulescu, Julian, Faber, Nadira S.

  8. Attitudes to Animals in Cyprus and the UK: Associations with Personality, Delinquency, and Morality

    | Contributor(s):: Zalaf, Alexia, Egan, Vincent

    The study aim was to investigate the associations between personality factors, attitudes to animals, moral values, and delinquent behaviors, and to examine the moderating effects of gender, age, and country of origin on these associations. This was a cross-cultural comparison of residents of...

  9. Ethical Motivation and Vegetarian Dieting: The Underlying Role of Anti-speciesist Attitudes

    | Contributor(s):: Rosenfeld, Daniel L.

    The most common motivation people have for becoming vegetarian is ethical concern about using animals for food. One ideology called speciesism—which entails assigning different moral worth to different species of animals—is thought to play a central role in promoting ethical vegetarianism....

  10. “Animals Like Us”: Identifying with Nonhuman Animals and Support for Nonhuman Animal Rights

    | Contributor(s):: Plante, Courtney N., Reysen, Stephen, Roberts, Sharon E., Gerbasi, Kathleen

    While anthropomorphizing nonhuman animals has been shown to increase identification with them and, by extension, concern for their wellbeing, little research has directly tested whether identifying with nonhuman animals is similarly associated with concern for their wellbeing. We tested...

  11. Are Baby Animals Less Appetizing? Tenderness toward Baby Animals and Appetite for Meat

    | Contributor(s):: Piazza, Jared, McLatchie, Neil, Olesen, Cecilie

    Three studies investigated whether thoughts and feelings generated by baby animals might oppose appetite for meat. A prestudy established babyness as an important factor predicting moral concern for farmed animals. Study 1 showed that presenting images of baby animals, versus adult animals, as...

  12. The Indignity of Relative Concepts of Animal Dignity: A Qualitative Study of People Working with Nonhuman Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Persson, Kirsten, Elger, Bernice Simone, Shaw, David Martin

    The Swiss animal welfare legislation is considered to be one of the strictest such laws worldwide. One unique feature is the inclusion of the concept of “dignity of the creature” and, more precisely, animal dignity. We interviewed 19 people from Switzerland and Germany about their concepts of...

  13. Longitudinal effects of human supremacy beliefs and vegetarianism threat on moral exclusion (vs. inclusion) of animals

    | Contributor(s):: Leite, Ana C., Dhont, Kristof, Hodson, Gordon

  14. Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study

    | Contributor(s):: Qureshi, A. I., Memon, M. Z., Vazquez, G., Suri, M. F.

    Background: The presence of pets has been associated with reduction of stress and blood pressure and therefore may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Methods: Relative risks (RR) of all deaths, death due to myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular diseases (MI or stroke), and...

  15. Positive Thinking as a Moral and Existential Virtue

    | Contributor(s):: Sandu, Frunza

  16. The Moral Lives of Laboratory Monkeys: Television and the Ethics of Care

    | Contributor(s):: Sharp, Lesley A.

  17. Just Meat: Chicken-Pain, Intergenerational Justice, and the American Diet

    | Contributor(s):: Stephen Scales

    Peter Singer’s arguments against the morality of the typical American diet focus on the pain of animals, and lead to the conclusion that we must become committed vegans. His approach ignores the impact that different psychological capacities can legitimately have on our moral appraisal of...

  18. Conflicting perspectives on nonhuman animal rescues in natural disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Every, D., Due, C., Thompson, K., Ryan, J.

    Nonhuman animal guardians are more at risk during natural disasters because they are likely to delay or refuse evacuation and return to evacuated disaster sites to rescue animals. Research on the human-animal bond (HAB) views animal guardians' actions as a reflection of a strong attachment....

  19. Domestic Dogs ' (Canis lupus familiaris) Evaluation of Moral and Immoral Actors

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine E. Ford

    A sense of morality, or values predisposing what is right (fair, just, kind) and what is wrong (unfair, cruel, dishonest), appears universally across all humankind. All major cultures share support for some values, such as self-respect, respect for others, and 'the golden rule'treat...

  20. Dogs avoid people who behave negatively to their owner: third-party affective evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Hitomi Chijiiwa, Hika Kuroshima, Yusuke Hori, James R. Anderson, Kazuo Fujita

    Social eavesdropping, or social evaluation of third-party interactions, is a first step to image scoring, which is a key feature of humans' large-scale cooperative society. Here we asked whether domestic dogs evaluate humans interacting with one another over neutral objects. In two...