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All Categories (121-140 of 197)

  1. The art of terminal illness and injury: the client and the animal

    Contributor(s):: Milani, M.

  2. The art of terminal illness and injury: the veterinarian

    Contributor(s):: Milani, M.

  3. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

    Full-text: Available

  4. How the Politics of Inclusion/Exclusion and the Neuroscience of Dehumanization/Rehumanization Can Contribute to Animal Activists' Strategies: Bestia Sacer II

    Contributor(s):: Mackenzie, R.

  5. Pets, depression and long-term survival in community living patients following myocardial infarction

    Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S.

    Evidence supports the contribution of depression, anxiety, and poor social support to mortality of hospitalized myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The contribution of depression to survival is independent of disease severity. Pet ownership, a non-human form of social support, has also been...

  6. The effect of early separation from the mother on pups in bonding to humans and pup health

    Contributor(s):: Slabbert, J. M., Rasa, O. A. E.

    The separation of young dogs from their dams (n = 20) one litter from each bitch (n=55) at the age of 6 weeks had a negative effect on the physical condition and weight gain of separated pups compared with that of pups with maternal contact till 12 (n=40) weeks. Disease susceptibility and...

  7. Death is a welfare issue

    Contributor(s):: Yeates, J. W.

    It is commonly asserted that "death is not a welfare issue" and this has been reflected in welfare legislation and policy in many countries. However, this creates a conflict for many who consider animal welfare to be an appropriate basis for decision-making in animal ethics but also consider that...

  8. Grief and loss

    Contributor(s):: Keegan, O., Kilmartin, A., Hickey, A.

  9. Tropical storm and hurricane recovery and preparedness strategies

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, B. S., Jr., Donaho, J. C.

    The goal of this article is to present lessons learned from the devastating effects of two specific natural disasters in Texas: Tropical Storm Allison, which flooded Houston in June 2001, and Hurricane Ike, which caused severe damage in Galveston in September 2008. When a disaster is predictable,...

  10. Vegetarianism, morality, and science revisited

    Contributor(s):: Pluhar, E.

  11. Behaviour of the ewe and lamb at lambing and its relationship to lamb mortality

    Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W., Morgan, P. D.

    A number of behavioural traits associated with the maternal instinct of sheep were studied under paddock conditions over a range ofbreeds, age, climate, nutrition and locations in five lambings in Western Australia. There was very considerable variation between ewes in any group in the occurrence...

  12. Interfacing genetics, behavior and husbandry in White Leghorns presented with E. coli challenge

    Contributor(s):: Mauldin, J. M., Siegel, P. B., Gross, W. B.

    Female fowls from the 3rd and 4th generations of lines which had undergone selection for persistence and non-persistence of antibody production to sheep erythrocytes were reared as floor flocks to 134 or 242 days of age, and were then reared singly in cages. At 295 or 394 days of age, females...

  13. Lamb mortality due to inadequate care of twins by Merino ewes

    Contributor(s):: Stevens, D., Alexander, G., Lynch, J. J.

    One hundred and three fine-woolled Merino ewes and their twin lambs in four 12-hectare paddocks, carrying 12.5 sheep per ha, were observed during daylight for 2-4 days immediately following parturition. Fifty-one ewes became permanently separated from one twin due to the ewe moving and leaving...

  14. Sheltering behaviour and lamb mortality amongst shorn Merino ewes lambing in paddocks with a restricted area of shelter or no shelter

    Contributor(s):: Lynch, J. J., Mottershead, B. E., Alexander, G.

    A flock of 380 pregnant Merino ewes was shorn and divided between two 12-ha paddocks. An area of shelter containing five grass hedges 90 m long, 0.5 m wide and 10 m apart was located in the middle of one paddock at a site that was not previously used as a preferred resting area. Sheep used this...

  15. Effect of familiarity with the environment on the behaviour and performance response of sows and piglets to grouping during lactation

    Contributor(s):: Wattanakul, W., Edwards, S. A., Stewart, A. H., English, P. R.

    Reduction of the disruption in suckling patterns and cross-suckling in multi-suckling systems was investigated in pens designed to permit prior familiarity of animals with the environment. Groups of 4 Large White x Landrace sows and litters were allocated between 2 treatments, each with 4...

  16. Fear and stress reactions, and the performance of commercial broiler chickens subjected to regular pleasant and unpleasant contacts with human being

    Contributor(s):: Zulkifli, I., Azah, A. S. N.

    An experiment was conducted to determine the effects of regular pleasant and unpleasant contacts with human beings on tonic immobility (TI) response, heterophil to lymphocyte ratio (HLR), body weight, feed conversion ratios (FCR) and mortality in commercial broiler chickens. The following...

  17. Increasing the piglets' use of the creep area - a battle against biology?

    Contributor(s):: Vasdal, G., Glaerum, M., Melisova, M., Boe, K. E., Broom, D. M., Andersen, I. L.

    Indoor farrowing systems are based upon the assumption that the newborn piglets will leave their mother after suckling and enter a heated creep area, but newborn piglets are motivated to remain close to the sow. Several creep area features attractive to piglets were used to attempt to increase...

  18. Sow body movements that crush piglets: a comparison between two types of farrowing accommodation

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Fraser, D., Honkanen, A. M.

    The behavior of 20 sows and their litters kept in farrowing crates or more open pens was video recorded for 4 days after farrowing. 24 piglets were killed by maternal crushing during the study (4 in the farrowing crates, 20 in the pens). On 98 other occasions (30 in the farrowing crates, 68 in...

  19. Early piglet mortality in loose-housed sows related to sow and piglet behaviour and to the progress of parturition

    Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Jorgensen, E., Heiskanen, T., Damm, B. I.

    The aim of the present study was to identify characteristics of sow behaviour and parturition related to early piglet mortality in loose-housed farrowing sows. Data from 152 farrowings that originated from three different herds with loose-housed sows during parturition were used. Graphical chain...

  20. Effect of early handling on growth, mortality and feed efficiency in White Leghorns

    Contributor(s):: Leonard, M. L., Fairfull, R. W.

    The influence of early and regular handling on weight gain, mortality and feed efficiency was examined in 4 strains of White Leghorn chicks. Pens of approximately 60 chicks were assigned at random to one of 3 treatment groups: non-handled (NH), handled every day (HED), and handled every 3 days...