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All Categories (181-197 of 197)

  1. Results of the Animal Needs Index (ANI-35L) compared to animal-based parameters in free-range and organic laying hen flocks in Austria

    Contributor(s):: Zaludik, K., Lugmair, A., Baumung, R., Troxler, J., Niebuhr, K.

    The aim of this study was a comparison of Animal Needs Index (ANI) data, derived from annual inspections by a control agency, with data collected from 164 selected on-farm flocks concerning feather damage, injuries, egg production, mortality, bodyweight, foot pad dermatitis, keel bone deviations...

  2. Short as well as long transport duration can affect the welfare of slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s):: Werner, C., Reiners, K., Wicke, M.

    Attention to the welfare of animals during slaughter transport and lairage at the abattoir is important not only to consumers, but also to the meat production industry. Inadequate transport conditions can result in higher animal mortalities and meat quality problems after slaughter of such...

  3. Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia

    Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...

  4. Stunning and killing of edible crabs ( Cancer pagurus )

    Contributor(s):: Roth, B., Oines, S.

    The stunning and killing efficiency of ice, superchilling (N2 gas), freezing (-37 degrees C), gradual heating (40 degrees C), boiling, piercing of ganglia, salt baths (NaCl and KCl), gas (CO2) and electricity (50 Hz AC) on edible crabs was studied. Results showed that electricity was the most...

  5. The effect of management system on mortality and other welfare indicators in Pennsylvania dairy herds

    Contributor(s):: Dechow, C. D., Smith, E. A., Goodling, R. C.

    The objective of this study was to identify farm characteristics that were associated with cow (Bos taurus) welfare outcomes, including mortality rate, culling by 60 days of lactation, survival to >=6 years of age and >=5th parity (aged cows), somatic cell score, milk yield, and milk composition....

  6. The effect of pen size and an enrichment structure (elevated platform) on the performances and the behaviour of fattening rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Postollec, G., Boilletot, E., Maurice, R., Michel, V.

    The effects of a (30 cm high) elevated platform as an enrichment structure on the behaviour and performance of fattening rabbits kept in groups were investigated. Three housing systems for fattening rabbits were compared using a stocking density of 15 rabbits m-2. The rabbits were housed either...

  7. The effects of selection on low mortality and brooding by a mother hen on open-field response, feather pecking and cannibalism in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Uitdehaag, K. A., Ellen, E. D., Komen, J.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of selection on low mortality in combination with brooding by a mother hen on open-field response at 5-6 weeks of age and on plumage and body condition at 42 weeks of age. Birds in the experiment were either selected for low mortality in...

  8. The survival and welfare of hedgehogs ( Erinaceus europaeus ) after release back into the wild

    Contributor(s):: Reeve, N. J.

    Ten female hedgehogs were released into a rural woodland area (Surrey, UK) with a low natural hedgehog density, and radio-tracked for up to 108 days. 2 hedgehogs were also released in an urban area with an established hedgehog population and tracked for 109 and 131 days respectively. Most of the...

  9. The use of a cat-flap at the nest entrance to mimic natural conditions in the breeding of fattening rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus )

    Contributor(s):: Baumann, P., Oester, H., Stauffacher, M.

    Management systems allowing free nest access are widely used in commercial rabbit breeding, but these produce a potential conflict with the doe's behavioural goal of a closed nest entrance. Furthermore, the restricted space in commercial breeding units prevents the doe from achieving a sufficient...

  10. The welfare of slaughter pigs during transport

    Contributor(s):: Warriss, P. D.

    This review summarizes information relating to the transport of slaughter pigs in the context of its implications for animal welfare. During transport pigs show weight loss, increased circulating concentrations of catecholamines, cortisol and creatine phosphokinase, and an increase in heart rate...

  11. Using a national dairy database to identify herds with poor welfare

    Contributor(s):: Sandgren, C. H., Lindberg, A., Keeling, L. J.

    This research project was carried out by the Swedish Dairy Association as part of the development of a 'Scheme for Animal Welfare'. As a first step, on-farm, animal-based measurements on calves, young stock and cows in 55 randomly selected herds were performed. Nine animal-based measurements...

  12. Using the Piglet Scream Test to enhance piglet survival on farms: data from outdoor sows

    Contributor(s):: Held, S., Mason, G., Mendl, M.

    The point of the Piglet Scream Test is to identify those sows that increase the survival of their piglets through good maternal behaviour. For this to work, sows must be shown to differ in their test responsiveness, for differences to be consistent across parities and for responsiveness to be...

  13. Validation of an Animal Needs Index for cattle using Test Theory

    Contributor(s):: Herva, T., Peltoniemi, O., Virtala, A. M.

    The validity of an ANI-based welfare index for cattle, the A-Index, was evaluated using Test Theory methods described for quality of life assessments in human medicine. Content validity was considered during the modification of the Index for Finnish beef production. In total, 43 items evaluating...

  14. Welfare aspects of chick handling in broiler and laying hen hatcheries

    Contributor(s):: Knowles, T. G., Brown, S. N., Warriss, P. D., Butterworth, A., Hewitt, L.

    Six commercial hatcheries were visited in the United Kingdom, three of which processed laying hen chicks and three of which processed broiler chicks. The accelerations experienced by the chicks passing through the handling systems were evaluated using miniature data logging accelerometers, which...

  15. Welfare assessment in extensive animal production systems: challenges and opportunities

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Dwyer, C. M.

    The welfare of animals in extensive systems has received little attention despite significant welfare challenges in these environments. Additionally, recent reform of Common Agricultural Policy payments in the EU have put increasing financial emphasis on farmers to attain improved levels of...

  16. Welfare assessment of laying hens in furnished cages and non-cage systems: an on-farm comparison

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J., Sonck, B.

    From 2012 onwards, all laying hens in Europe will need to be housed either in furnished cages or non-cage systems (aviaries or floor-housing systems). In terms of animal welfare, furnished cages and non-cage systems both have advantages and disadvantages. Data on direct comparisons between the...

  17. Understanding the signs, cause & prevalence of grief due to pet loss

    Contributor(s):: Johnson, S. W.