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  1. Bird-window collisions: a critical animal welfare and conservation issue

    Contributor(s):: Klem, D., Jr.

    Sheet glass and plastic in the form of clear and reflective windows are universally lethal to birds. Reasonable interpretation of available scientific evidence describes windows as a principal human-associated avian mortality factor that is an indiscriminant killer of common species as well as...

  2. Amphibian Mortality on Roads: A Case Study in Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander Habitat

    Contributor(s):: Michael Thomas Hobbs

    Amphibian populations have been declining at higher rates than bird and mammal populations. Agriculture, urbanization, including roads, and resource extraction continue to put pressure on all species. Roads in particular, are major sources of mortality. The Santa Cruz long-toed salamander...

  3. Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed farrowing system for sows: the effects of space and temperature

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Adeleye, O. O., Jack, M. C., Farish, M., Ison, S. H., Edwards, S. A.

    Piglet survival relies on interactive influences of the sow, her piglets and their environment. There are a number of design challenges in a loose-housed farrowing and lactation system to optimise this dynamic, including achieving farrowing in the desired location (i.e. a protected nest area) and...

  4. Perceptions of pet owners in urban Latin America on protection of their animals during disasters

    Contributor(s):: Hesterberg, Uta W., Huertas, Gerardo, Appleby, Michael C.

  5. Prevention of Pet Wild Cat Mortality: Conservation Aspects

    Contributor(s):: Michael W. Petersen

    The worldwide decline of many wild cat populations is becoming increasingly evident. This decline may be attributed to several factors: (1) the fur trade; (2) the pet trade; (3) habitat destruction; (4) predator control programs; and (5) trophy hunting activities. Legislation in the form of the...

  6. Acres of Hope mourns deaths of Creatures of Rehab

  7. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  8. Early transfer of mated females into the maternity unit reduces stress and increases maternal care in farm mink

    Contributor(s):: Malmkvist, J., Palme, R.

    Mated mammals on farms are typically transferred to another housing environment prior to delivery. We investigated whether the timing of this transfer - EARLY (Day -36), INTERMEDIATE (Day -18), or LATE (Day -3) relative to the expected day of birth (Day 0) - affects maternal stress, maternal care...

  9. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  10. The effect of overgrown claws on behaviour and claw abnormalities of sows in farrowing crates

    Contributor(s):: Diaz, J. A. C., Stienezen, I. M. J., Leonard, F. C., Boyle, L. A.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of overgrowth of the weight bearing claws on the behaviour of sows in farrowing crates. The study used 24 multiparous lactating sows, 13 with overgrown (OG) rear claws and 11 controls. Sows were video recorded continuously from approximately...

  11. Neolithic Dairy Technology at the European-Anatolian frontier: implications of archaeozoological evidence from Ulucak Hoyuk, Izmir, Turkey, ca. 7000-5700 cal. BC

    Contributor(s):: Cakirlar, C.

    This paper discusses the archaeozoological evidence from Neolithic Ulucak Hoyuk (Izmir, ca. 7000-5700 cal. BC) in light of current debates on early dairy technologies. The paper aims to add new dimension to the current understanding of the role western Anatolia played in the evolution of early...

  12. Relationships between pig welfare, productivity and farmer disposition

    Contributor(s):: Jaaskelainen, T., Kauppinen, T., Vesala, K. M., Valros, A.

    The aim of this study was, firstly, to investigate the connection between on-farm assessed welfare scores and production parameters for sows, and secondly, to examine how farmers perceive the connection between their disposition, animal welfare and productivity. We assessed environmental and...

  13. The morality of the reptile "pet" trade

    Contributor(s):: Warwick, C.

    The trade in, and private keeping of, reptiles as "pets" raises several ethical concerns regarding animal welfare (associated with handling, storage, transportation, intensive captive breeding, captivity stress, injury, disease, and high premature mortality); public health and safety (associated...

  14. Absence of effects from immunocontraception on seasonal birth patterns and foal survival among barrier island wild horses

    Contributor(s):: Kirkpatrick, J. F., Turner, A.

    Despite a large body of safety data, concern exists that porcine zonae pellucidae (PZP) immunocontraception - used to manage wild horse populations - may cause out-of-season births with resulting foal mortality. Our study at Assateague, Maryland indicated the effects of immunocontraception on...

  15. Animal welfare beyond the cage ... and beyond the evidence?

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, R. J.

    In "Laboratory Rodent Welfare: Thinking Outside the Cage," Balcombe (2010/this issue) suggests that laboratory cage housing is damaging to rats and mice because it does not meet their evolved needs and may damage their psychological and physical health. The article also indicates that larger and...

  16. Beyond Overpopulation: A Comment on Zawistowski et al. and Salman et al

    Contributor(s):: Fennell, Lee Anne

    Comments on the implication of the overpopulation model for the killing of companion animals in animal shelters. Contentions regarding the overpopulation model; Role of consumer demand in shelter euthanasia analysis; List of market failures contributing to the production and routine destruction...

  17. Birth and death rate estimates of cats and dogs in U.S. households and related factors

    Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Kelch, W. J., Hutchison, J. M., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H.

    Studies report variable factors associated with dog and cat surpluses in the United States. Estimates of cat and dog birth and death rates help understand the problem. This study collected data through a commercial survey company, distributing questionnaires to 7,399 cat- and dog-owning...

  18. Coyote ( Canis latrans ) interactions with humans and pets reported in the Canadian print media (1995-2010)

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, S. M., Quinn, M. S.

    Interactions with coyotes are a growing management concern in urban North America. We conducted a content analysis of 453 articles addressing coyote events reported in the Canadian print media between 1995 and 2010. There were 119 articles about human-coyote interactions: 32 involved a coyote...

  19. Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Sepulveda, W. S., Villarroel, M., Maria, G. A.

    Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from...

  20. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...