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  1. Impact of the implementation of a therapy dog program on burn center patients and staff

    Contributor(s):: Pruskowski, K. A., Gurney, J. M., Cancio, L. C.

  2. Randomized Trial Examining Effects of Animal Assisted Intervention and Stress Related Symptoms on College Students' Learning and Study Skills

    Contributor(s):: Pendry, P., Carr, A. M., Gee, N. R., Vandagriff, J. L.

  3. Motivation for feeding in broiler breeder pullets fed different types of restricted high-fibre diets

    Contributor(s):: Riber, Anja B., Tahamtani, Fernanda M.

    High-fibre diets have been suggested as alternative feeding strategies that potentially may alleviate the hunger felt by feed-restricted broiler breeders and fulfil their behavioural need for feeding behaviour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of four dietary...

  4. A Survey of Dog Owners' Attitudes toward Treats

    Contributor(s):: Morelli, G., Marchesini, G., Contiero, B., Fusi, E., Diez, M., Ricci, R.

  5. Why Did I Share My Life With Glucio? A Life Course Approach to Explaining Pet Ownership Motivations in Late Adulthood

    Contributor(s):: Uribe, Ana Cecilia Reyes

    The main purpose of this study was to gain insight into the motivations for pet ownership in late adulthood using a life course approach. A qualitative research methodology based on deductive thematic analysis was applied to examine the accounts given by 21 pet owners living in Mexico: 14 women...

  6. Dog-Sport Competitors: What Motivates People to Participate with Their Dogs in Sporting Events?

    Contributor(s):: Farrell, Jocelyn M., Hope, Ashley E., Hulstein, Rodney, Spaulding, Sandi J.

    Interactions between dogs and humans, including participating in physical activities and dog-sport events, are beneficial for both parties. Self-Determination Theory was used as a framework to explore dog-sport competitors' motivation to participate in dog-sport events. Eighty-five competitors...

  7. Short- and long-term effects of eight enrichment materials on the behaviour of finishing pigs fed ad libitum or restrictively

    Contributor(s):: Zwicker, Bettina, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Weber, Roland

    In a semi-natural environment, a lot of the daily activity of pigs is spent in exploratory and foraging behaviour. Providing enrichment material attractive to the pigs both over the short and long term is therefore important in intensive housing systems. This study aimed to investigate the effect...

  8. Locomotor play of veal calves in an arena: Are effects of feed level and spatial restriction mediated by responses to novelty?

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, Jeffrey, de Passillé, Anne Marie

    When calves are placed in an open arena, they perform locomotor play, which provides a time-efficient means of assessing playfulness. To use this as a method of assessing welfare, we need to relate playfulness to other welfare indicators and understand what factors influence results. The novelty...

  9. Disrupting motivational sequences in chicks: Are there affective consequences?

    Contributor(s):: Seehuus, Birgitte, Mendl, Mike, Keeling, Linda J., Blokhuis, Harry

    The ‘reward cycle’ conceptualises reward acquisition as a cyclic phenomenon divided into three motivational stages with related emotional or affective states. For feeding behaviour such a cycle consists of an appetitive stage characterised by foraging and exploration linked to emotions such as...

  10. Conditioned place preference or aversion as animal welfare assessment tools: Limitations in their application

    Contributor(s):: Dixon, Laura M., Sandilands, Vicky, Bateson, Melissa, Brocklehurst, Sarah, Tolkamp, Bert J., D’Eath, Rick B.

    Conditioned place preference (CPP) or aversion (CPA) methods are potentially useful tools in animal welfare assessment because they permit measurement of the reinforcing properties of a stimulus in the absence of the stimulus itself. We used CPP/CPA techniques in a series of experiments to assess...

  11. Understanding of human communicative motives in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Pettersson, Helene, Kaminski, Juliane, Herrmann, Esther, Tomasello, Michael

    Chimpanzees find it easier to locate food when a human prohibits them from going to a certain location than when she indicates that location helpfully. Human children, in contrast, use the cooperative gesture more readily. The question here was whether domestic dogs are more like chimpanzees, in...

  12. Two's company? Solitary vixens’ motivations for seeking social contact

    Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Akre, Anne Kathrine, Flø, Andreas, Bakken, Morten, Koistinen, Tarja, Mason, Georgia J.

    The flexible social organisation in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) suggests that social contact could enrich the housing of silver fox vixens (a selected line of red foxes) farmed for their fur. To investigate their social motivation, adult vixens housed in an operant apparatus were allowed to pull a...

  13. Selection for wheat digestibility affects emotionality and feeding behaviours in broiler chicks

    Contributor(s):: Pelhaitre, Alice, Mignon-Grasteau, Sandrine, Bertin, Aline

    In poultry farming, selection for high production, as for growth rate or feed efficiency, may be associated with risks for animal welfare. In this study, we tested whether divergent selection for a new trait linked to feed efficiency, i.e. digestibility, had correlated side effects on the...

  14. Review of wallowing in pigs: Description of the behaviour and its motivational basis

    Contributor(s):: Bracke, M. B. M.

    Wallowing, i.e. coating the body surface with mud, is a natural behaviour of pigs, commonly observed in feral pigs and wild boar, but rarely provided for in current housing systems for domestic pigs. Furthermore, in welfare science the subject has not been receiving much attention. This paper...

  15. Preference and motivation for different diet forms and their effect on motivation for a foraging enrichment in captive Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica)

    Contributor(s):: Rozek, Jessica C., Millam, James R.

    Motivation tests were conducted to assess preference strength for diet form and a cage enrichment device by Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica) held in individual cages, N=10. Each cage was equipped with two trough-type feeders, one of which had a hinged lid that required lifting to...

  16. Motivation for social contact in horses measured by operant conditioning

    Contributor(s):: Søndergaard, Eva, Jensen, Margit Bak, Nicol, Christine J.

    Although horses are social animals they are often housed individually with limited social contact to other horses and this may compromise their welfare. The present study included eight young female horses and investigated the strength of motivation for access to full social contact, head contact...

  17. Measuring motivation in a cichlid fish: An adaptation of the push-door paradigm

    Contributor(s):: Galhardo, Leonor, Almeida, Olinda, Oliveira, Rui F.

    Recent behavioural, cognitive and neurophysiological studies strongly suggest that fish are capable of psychological experiences. Therefore, identifying needs from the animals’ point of view is likely to be one of the best approaches to understand their welfare. Motivational tests, as a measure...

  18. Measurement of feeding motivation in sheep and the effects of food restriction

    Contributor(s):: Verbeek, Else, Waas, Joseph R., McLeay, Lance, Matthews, Lindsay R.

    The availability of food is a crucial factor determining the health and growth of animals. Prolonged or severe food restriction will trigger the subjective state of hunger, which could potentially reduce welfare. We refined a methodology for the measurement of feeding motivation as an indicator...

  19. Individual differences in stereotypic behaviour predict individual differences in the nature and degree of enrichment use in caged American mink

    Contributor(s):: Dallaire, Jamie A., Meagher, Rebecca K., Mason, Georgia J.

    Environmental enrichment (EE) reduces stereotypic behaviour (SB), but typically only partially. Using American mink (n=17) as models, we tested the hypotheses that the effectiveness of EE reflects the degree to which subjects utilise it, and also the SB's degree of ‘establishment’ (its frequency...

  20. Difference of social motivation in quail selected for divergent circadian activity

    Contributor(s):: Formanek, Laureline, Richard-Yris, Marie-Annick, Petton, Christophe, Houdelier, Cécilia, Lumineau, Sophie

    Endogenous rhythms are adaptive responses to predictable changes of the environment, like the day/night cycle. Some researches demonstrated that social cycles can influence the circadian rhythm, while no study investigated the effect of endogenous rhythmicity on the sociability in Vertebrates....