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  1. Free-Riders in the Nonprofit Industrial Complex: The Problem of Flexitarianism

    Contributor(s):: Wrenn, C. L.

  2. Testing ultra-wideband technology as a method of tracking fast-growing broilers under commercial conditions

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, Mary, O’Connell, Niamh E.

    Ultra-wideband (UWB) is an indoor positioning technology that has several advantages over current methods of tracking indoor reared broiler chickens, including providing long-term data on movement patterns without the effect of observer presence. More information is needed on the accuracy of this...

  3. Do the type of walking surface and the horse speed during hippotherapy modify the dynamics of sitting postural control in children with cerebral palsy?

    Contributor(s):: Flores, F. M., Dagnese, F., Copetti, F.

  4. Cow in Motion: A review of the impact of housing systems on movement opportunity of dairy cows and implications on locomotor activity

    Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Vasseur, Elsa

    As humans, we recognize the importance of exercise. We go to the gym, walk our dogs, and ride our horses. Even our hamsters get a wheel to run on. Considering this, it is surprising that, when it comes to the production animals that make up the bulk of domestic animals, the concept of ‘exercise’...

  5. The Translation of Movement From the Equine to Rider With Relevance for Hippotherapy

    Contributor(s):: Donaldson, M. C., Holter, A. M., Neuhoff, S., Arnosky, J. A., Simpson, B. W., Vernon, K., Blob, R. W., DesJardins, J. D.

  6. Which Wild Aardvarks Are Most Suitable for Outdoor Enclosures in Zoological Gardens in the European Union?

    Contributor(s):: Patoka, Jiří, Vejtrubová, Markéta, Vrabec, Vladimír, Masopustová, Renata

    The aardvark is popular in many zoological gardens in the European Union. These creatures are nocturnal, and aardvarks in the wild are known to walk distances of 4 km to 7 km per night. Despite what is known about their biology, most aardvarks are kept in zoological gardens in indoor enclosures...

  7. The effect of social buffering on fear responses in sheep (Ovis aries)

    Contributor(s):: González, Matilú, Averós, Xavier, Heredia, Ina Beltrán de, Ruiz, Roberto, Arranz, Josune, Estevez, Inma

    Fear in farm animals has been extensively studied because of its close relation to animal welfare. Numerous studies have categorized the behavioral responses of animals to stimuli that can elicit a fear reaction under social isolation conditions. However, farm animals are highly social and...

  8. Activity patterns in reindeer with domestic vs. wild ancestry

    Contributor(s):: Reimers, Eigil, Tsegaye, Diress, Colman, Jonathan E., Eftestøl, Sindre

    We analyzed GPS-based activity patterns for two wild reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herds: Norefjell-Reinsjøfjell with domestic ancestry and larger average body size and Rondane with wild ancestry and smaller body sizes. We compared activity patterns and tested whether these could...

  9. Service animal as adjuvant treatment for restless leg syndrome

    Contributor(s):: Altschuler, E. L.

    2017Med Hypotheses1091990306-987710.1016/j.mehy.2017.10.017engDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Metropolitan Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: altschue@nychhc.org.text

  10. [Effects of hypotherapy on the motor function of persons with Down's syndrome: a systematic review]

    Contributor(s):: De Miguel, A., De Miguel, M. D., Lucena-Anton, D., Rubio, M. D.

  11. Bodies of Knowledge, Kinetic Melodies, Rhythms of Relating and Affect Attunement in Vital Spaces for Multi-Species Well-Being: Finding Common Ground in Intimate Human-Canine and Human-Equine Encounters

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carlyle, D., Graham, P.

    In this paper, we bring together two separate studies and offer a double similitude as it were, in finding “common ground” and “common worlds” between dog–human and horse–human interactions. Appreciation of the process and mechanism of affect (and affect...

  12. Using GPS Technology to Understand Spatial and Temporal Activity of Kangaroos in a Peri-Urban Environment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Timothy Henderson, Karl Vernes, Gerhard Kortner, Rajanathan Rajaratnam

    Kangaroo–human conflict is increasing in the peri-urban communities of the New South Wales (NSW) north coast in Australia. A way to assist in managing this conflict is to improve our understanding on the ecology of kangaroos in the peri-urban environment. We utilized modern Global...

  13. Runne-Beana: dog herds ethnographer

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, M.

    Saami society in Lapland (now often called Saapmi), particularly the seasonally-nomadic reindeer-breeding sector, is predicated upon mobility and autonomy of its actors. Runne-Beana, a talented reindeer-herding dog, exhibited both mobility and autonomy when allocating to himself a peripatetic...

  14. Evidence of heterospecific referential communication from domestic horses (Equus caballus) to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Malavasi, R., Huber, L.

    Referential communication occurs when a sender elaborates its gestures to direct the attention of a recipient to its role in pursuit of the desired goal, e.g. by pointing or showing an object, thereby informing the recipient what it wants. If the gesture is successful, the sender and the...

  15. Changes in distribution of Canada geese nesting in Arkansas

    | Contributor(s):: Ronke, M. Eliese, Krementz, David G.

  16. Relationship between spatial distribution of sika deer-train collisions and sika deer movement in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Soga, Akinao, Hamasaki, Shin-ichiro, Yokoyama, Noriko, Sakai, Toshiyuki, Kaji, Koichi

  17. Inter-seasonal movements in tri-state greater sage-grouse: implications for state-centric conservation plans

    | Contributor(s):: Reinhart, Jan S., Messmer, Terry A., Black, Todd

  18. Dogs' body language relevant to learning achievement

    | Contributor(s):: Hasegawa, M., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    The facial expressions and body postures of dogs can give helpful information about their moods and emotional states. People can more effectively obedience train their dogs if we can identify the mannerisms associated with learning in dogs. The aim of this study was to clarify the dog's body...

  19. Maximum permissible load for Yonaguni ponies (Japanese landrace horses) trotting over a short, straight course

    | Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Mano, H., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.

    This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Yonaguni ponies using gait analysis. The Yonaguni pony is one of the Japanese landrace horses, and has normal gait characteristics when trotting. As a breed they are small in stature and hence susceptible to the effect of the...

  20. Room to Roam: Using GPS to Determine the Effect of Exhibit Size and Herd Size on Zoo Elephant Movement

    | Contributor(s):: Matthew Holdgate, Deborah A. Duffield, David J. Shepherdson

    Asian and African elephants (Elephas maximus and Loxodonta spp.) are particularly susceptible to welfare concerns in zoological institutions due to their high intelligence, complex social structures, and sheer size. Zoo elephants are also limited by the space available to them, and the resulting...