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  1. Dog as a typical predator which communicates with manPies jako typowy drapieznik komunikujacy sie z czlowiekiem

    Contributor(s):: Kamieniak, J., Mazurkiewicz, T., Tietze, M.

    This article aims at the presentation of a complex process of making ties between the dog and the man, that started from the domestication of a dog and was followed by the thousands years of co-evolution. Here, we were discussing the process of forming relationships between the dog and the man up...

  2. Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago

    Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.

    Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....

  3. Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management

    Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.

    Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...

  4. Converging on ancient bones: a review of the evidence for the close relatedness of humans ( Homo sapiens) and spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta)

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

    The majority of spotted hyena studies are conducted in places such as national parks and reserves where there are few humans present other than the researchers. I argue that this reflects a perception that "real" hyenas are those largely unaffected by contact with humans. This is at odds with...

  5. Hormonal and behavioural stress responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus)

    Contributor(s):: Munerato, M. S., Marques, J. A., Caulkettt, N. A., Tomas, W. M., Zanetti, E. S., Trovati, R. G., Pereira, G. T., Palme, R.

    This study evaluated the short-term hormonal and behavioural responses to capture and radio-collar fitting in free-ranging pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus). Twenty adult deer (eleven females and nine males) were captured in the South Pantanal wetland (Brazil) and equipped with VHF...

  6. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

    Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.

    Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...

  7. Conditioned taste aversion in the grey fox ( Pseudalopex griseus), in Southern Argentine Patagonia

    Contributor(s):: Nielsen, S., Travaini, A., Vassallo, A. I., Procopio, D., Zapata, S. C.

    Attempts to control cougar ( Puma concolor) and culpeo fox ( Pseudalopex culpaeus) populations in Patagonia through poisoning, negatively affects grey foxes ( Pseudalopex griseus) and many other non-target species. It is therefore advisable to develop selective predator control methods. Among a...

  8. Using livestock guardian dogs in Balkans

    Contributor(s):: Yilmaz, O., Erturk, Y. E., Coskun, F., Ertugrul, M.

    Aim of this paper to review livestock guardian dogs in Balkan countries. Balkans consist of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Slovenia, Serbia, and Turkey. In Balkans there are quite successful livestock guardian dogs including...

  9. Dogs for herding and guarding livestock

    Contributor(s):: Coppinger, L., Coppinger, R., Grandin, T.

    Dogs that perform best for guarding and herding livestock have different behavioural profiles, as stated by the authors: 'herding dogs are selected to show hunting behaviours, such as eye, stalk, grip or heel. Guarding dogs are selected to show more of the wild ancestor's puppy-like or juvenile...

  10. The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.

    Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...

  11. Using sterilization to change predation rates of wild coyotes: a test case involving pronghorn fawns

    Contributor(s):: Seidler, R. G., Gese, E. M., Conner, M. M.

    Surgical sterilization of coyotes ( Canis latrans) reduced their predation rate on domestic sheep. We investigated whether sterilizing coyotes would similarly change coyote predation rates on pronghorn antelope ( Antilocapra americana) neonates. From May 2006 to March 2008, we radio-collared 71...

  12. Association between taxonomic relatedness and interspecific mortality in captive ungulates

    Contributor(s):: Hanzlikova, V., Pluhacek, J., Culik, L.

    Interspecific aggressive interactions are known among a variety of animals including ungulates. Nevertheless, most studies on interspecific interactions in ungulates involve case reports without testing any specific hypotheses. We tested two mutually exclusive hypotheses; that mortality rate in...

  13. Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children

    Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.

    In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...

  14. Pain-suppressed behaviors in the red-tailed hawk ( Buteo jamaicensis)

    Contributor(s):: Mazor-Thomas, J. E., Mann, P. E., Karas, A. Z., Tseng, F.

    Our ability to provide analgesia in wild and exotic patients is hampered by a lack of species-specific information on effective drugs and protocols. One contributing factor is the difficulty of applying data from traditional laboratory tests of nociception to clinical conditions frequently...

  15. The effect of fine granular sand on pododermatitis in captive greater flamingos ( Phoenicopterus roseus)

    Contributor(s):: Wyss, F., Wenker, C., Hoby, S., Houwald, F. von, Schumacher, V., Doherr, M. G., Robert, N.

    Pododermatitis is a worldwide health and animal welfare problem in captive flamingos (Phoenicopteridae). Since sub-optimal substrate or flooring has been described as a factor in the development of pododermatitis in poultry and raptors, it is also suspected to play a role in flamingo foot health....

  16. Auditory and visual threat recognition in captive-reared Great Lakes piping plovers ( Charadrius melodus)

    Contributor(s):: Saunders, S. P., Ong, T. W. Y., Cuthbert, F. J.

  17. Farm characteristics in Slovene wolf habitat related to attacks on sheep

    Contributor(s):: Liere, D. van, Dwyer, C., Jordan, D., Premik-Banic, A., Valencic, A., Kompan, D., Siard, N.

  18. Patterns of human-coyote conflicts in the Denver Metropolitan Area

    Contributor(s):: Poessel, S. A., Breck, S. W., Teel, T. L., Shwiff, S., Crooks, K. R., Angeloni, L.

  19. Teaching the dog and learning from the dog: interactivity in herding dog training and use

    Contributor(s):: Savalois, N., Lescureux, N., Brunois, F.

  20. Attitudes of Canadian beef producers toward animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Spooner, J. M., Schuppli, C. A., Fraser, D.