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All Categories (1-20 of 97)

  1. "It's hard enough to control yourself; it's ridiculous to think you can control animals": competing views on "The bush" in contemporary Yukon

    Contributor(s):: Easton, Norman Alexander

  2. A cultural journey to the agro-food crisis: policy discourses in the EU

    Contributor(s):: Lopez-i-Gelats, F., Tabara, J. D.

    The agro-food domain in Europe is characterized by the appearance of recurrent unwanted surprises. These events, although causing obvious physical consequences, in essence depart from the expectations of the society. We argue that this unstable situation is best understood as an identity crisis...

  3. A dual-perspective model of agroecosystem health: system functions and system goals

    Contributor(s):: Haworth, L., Brunk, C., Jennex, D., Arai, S.

    The idea of agroecosystem health is understood from two perspectives: a system-functions perspective and system-goals perspective. The system functions are: integrity, resilience and efficiency and are essential to the flourishing of a biotic community. The system goals are social, natural and...

  4. A review of WTO and environmental issues

    Contributor(s):: Stonehouse, D. P.

    Multiple negotiating rounds of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1947 have conferred economic benefits through liberalized international trade. A growing body of evidence also points to linkages between liberalized trade and damage to the...

  5. A synthesis of the inter-relations animal house, environment, rentability, human and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Maton, A.

    Types of housing for dairy cattle, pigs and poultry are assessed in terms of environmental impact, economic factors and animal and human welfare.

  6. Agricultural development and associated environmental and ethical issues in South Asia

    Contributor(s):: Khan, M. A., Shah, S. A. A.

    South Asia is one of the most densely populated regions of the world, where despite a slow growth, agriculture remains the backbone of rural economy as it employs one half to over 90 percent of the labor force. Both extensive and intensive policy measures for agriculture development to feed the...

  7. Agriculture in north Africa: sociocultural aspects

    Contributor(s):: Kassas, M.

    This paper documents, in the cases of Libya and Egypt, situations that occur in many other nations: conversion of farmlands to nonagricultural uses, exhaustion of nonrenewable water resources, irrigation leading to waterlogging and salinization of agricultural lands and development that does not...

  8. Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences

    Contributor(s):: Ivancic, A., Turk, J., Rozman, C., Sisko, M.

    Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild...

  9. American black bear-apiary conflicts in Michigan

    Contributor(s):: McKinley, Beverly K., Belant, Jerrold L., Etter, Dwayne R.

  10. An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project

    Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.

    Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...

  11. Animal Science Alumni Newsletter, Summer 2007

    Contents:Inaugural NBIS ClassSchroeder Presents Special SeminarFrom the Department Head’s DeskScheideler Named Interim Department HeadJapanese Agricultural Training Program (JATP) — 40 Years of SuccessVan Vleck Receives Pioneer Award from National Dairy ShrineNew Stained Glass Window a Tribute to...

  12. Animal welfare: a complex international public policy issue: economic, policy, societal, cultural and other drivers and constraints. a 20-year international perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Bayvel, A. C. D., Diesch, T. J., Cross, N.

  13. Animals, poor people and food insecurity: opportunities for improved livelihoods through efficient natural resource management

    | Contributor(s):: Devendra, C., Chantalakhana, C.

    Poverty is a rural dilemma and continues to be a persistent multidimensional problem. It is associated with poor farmers, small farm systems, the landless, resource endowments, the socioeconomic environment and externalities. Over 75% of the poor live and work in rural areas, trapped in a...

  14. Are intensive agricultural practices environmentally and ethically sound?

    | Contributor(s):: Lal, R., Miller, F. P., Logan, T. J.

    Improper soil management and indiscriminate use of chemicals have contributed to some severe global environmental issues, e.g., volatilization losses and contamination of natural waters by sediments and agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. The increasing substitution of energy for labour and...

  15. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  16. Beware the Boojum: caveats and strengths of avian radar

    | Contributor(s):: Beason, Robert C., Nohara, Tim J., Weber, Peter

  17. Biofuels: efficiency, ethics, and limits to human appropriation of ecosystem services

    | Contributor(s):: Gomiero, T., Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    Biofuels have lately been indicated as a promising source of cheap and sustainable energy. In this paper we argue that some important ethical and environmental issues have also to be addressed: (1) the conflict between biofuels production and global food security, particularly in developing...

  18. Can export-oriented aquaculture in developing countries be sustainable and promote sustainable development? The shrimp case

    | Contributor(s):: Rivera-Ferre, M. G.

    Industrial shrimp farming has been promoted by international development and financial institutions in coastal indebted poor countries as a way to obtain foreign exchange earnings, reimburse external debt, and promote development. The promotion of the shrimp industry is a clear example of a more...

  19. Class: an essential aspect of watershed planning

    | Contributor(s):: Adams, J.

    A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois (USA) revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning...

  20. Conservation and animal welfare issues arising from forestry practices. (Special Issue: Conservation and animal welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Blumstein, D. T.

    Forestry practices may directly kill animals as well as destroy and fragment their habitat. Even without habitat destruction, logging and its associated forest management practices (which include road building, re-forestation, and often increased recreational use) create noise, frighten animals,...