Zoonotic nematodes of wild carnivores
| Contributor(s):: Domenico Otranto, Peter Deplazes
For a long time, wildlife carnivores have been disregarded for their potential in transmitting zoonotic nematodes. However, human activities and politics (e.g., fragmentation of the environment, land use, recycling in urban settings) have consistently favoured the encroachment of urban areas...
Increased intake and preference for tannin-rich sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) pellets by both parasitized and non-parasitized lambs after a period of conditioning
| Contributor(s):: Costes-Thiré, Morgane, Villalba, Juan J., Hoste, Hervé, Ginane, Cécile
Ruminants select nutritious feeds and avoid deleterious ones by relying on a learning process. We tested the hypothesis that they may similarly be able to select feeds for their medicinal properties, Le. to self-medicate. Our experimental model was lambs infected with gastrointestinal nematodes...
Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers
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| Contributor(s):: Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp
Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...
Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus
| Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.
With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...
Epidemiological and Genetic Data Supporting the Transmission of Ancylostoma ceylanicum among Human and Domestic Animals
| Contributor(s):: Romano Ngui, Yvonne A. L. Lim, Rebecca Traub, Rohela Mahmud, Mohd Sani Mistam
Currently, information on species-specific hookworm infection is unavailable in Malaysia and is restricted worldwide due to limited application of molecular diagnostic tools. Given the importance of accurate identification of hookworms, this study was conducted as part of an ongoing molecular...
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
| Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats
| Contributor(s):: Chomel, B. B.
Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog...
A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies
| Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.
Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...
Enteric pathogens of dogs and cats with public health implications
| Contributor(s):: Kantere, M., Athanasiou, L. V., Chatzopoulos, D. C., Spyrou, V., Valiakos, G., Kontos, V., Billinis, C.
Dogs and cats play an important role in modern society, enhancing the psychological and physiological well-being of many people. However, there are well-documented health risks associated with human animal interactions. More specifically, enteric pathogens of zoonotic risk which are transmitted...
Prevalence of enteric parasites in pet macaques in Sulawesi, Indonesia
| Contributor(s):: Jones-Engel, Lisa
| Contributor(s):: Goldstein, E. J. C., Greene, C. E., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on diseases transmitted from cats to humans. The diseases transmitted by inhalation (bordetellosis, plague and Q fever), vectors (ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, cat scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, flea-borne spotted fever, murine typhus and leishmaniasis), faecal-oral...
With man's best friend
| Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.
This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...
What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?
| Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.
Occult enteric infection by Ancylostoma caninum: a previously unrecognized zoonosis
| Contributor(s):: Croese, J., Loukas, A., Opdebeeck, J., Prociv, P.
Survey of cat and dog ownership in Champaign County, Illinois, 1976
| Contributor(s):: Griffiths, A. O., Brenner, A.
Intake and selection for white clover by grazing lambs in response to gastrointestinal parasitism
| Contributor(s):: Cosgrove, G. P., Niezen, J. H.
A study was conducted at Palmerston North, New Zealand to determine if lambs grazing at pasture would enhance their nutrient intake in response to parasitism, by selecting more white clover from a mixed grass-clover pasture. The trial used a split-plot design with two grass-clover mixtures as...
Strategies for the avoidance of faeces by grazing sheep
| Contributor(s):: Cooper, J., Gordon, I. J., Pike, A. W.
Experiments were conducted to investigate which environmental cues were used by sheep when discriminating against patches of pasture contaminated with faeces. The influence of the spatial distribution of contaminated patches and the parasite infection status of sheep on avoidance of contaminated...
The gradual weaning process in outdoor sows and piglets in relation to nematode infections
| Contributor(s):: Damm, B. I., Pedersen, L. J., Jessen, L. B., Thamsborg, S. M., Mejer, H., Ersboll, A. K.
In EU organic pig production it is required that the piglets are weaned no earlier than 6 weeks of age. During the lactation period, a gradual weaning process occurs. Outdoor and organic pig production differ markedly from semi-natural and indoor environments, where the gradual weaning process...
Commentary on the case of the meat inspector asked for advice on a roundworm infection
| Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
Toxocara and asthma
| Contributor(s):: Elena Pinelli, Irma Van Die, Jan Dormans, C. V. Holland (editor), H. V. Smith (editor)
The incidence of allergic diseases is increasing worldwide and although it is not clear how, several explanations, including exposure to infections, have been proposed (reviewed in Bresciani et al., 2005). Evidence from epidemiological studies suggests that infection with Toxocara worms...