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  1. Positive reinforcement training for a trunk wash in Nepal's working elephants: demonstrating alternatives to traditional elephant training techniques

    Contributor(s):: Fagen, A., Narayan, Acharya, Kaufman, G. E.

    Many trainers of animals in the zoo now rely on positive reinforcement training to teach animals to voluntarily participate in husbandry and veterinary procedures in an effort to improve behavioral reliability, captive management, and welfare. However, captive elephant handlers in Nepal still...

  2. Spatial analysis of Leishmania donovani exposure in humans and domestic animals in a recent kala azar focus in Nepal

    Contributor(s):: Basudha Khanal, Albert Picado, Narayan Raj Bhattarai, Murari Lal Das, Bart Ostyn, Gert Van Der Auwera, Clive Richard Davies, Marleen Boelaert, Jean-Claude Dujardin, Suman Rijal

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major public health problem in the Indian subcontinent where the Leishmania donovani transmission cycle is described as anthroponotic. However, the role of animals (in particular domestic animals) in the persistence and expansion of VL is still a matter of debate....

  3. The Burden of Parasitic Zoonoses in Nepal: A Systematic Review

    Contributor(s):: B. Devleesschauwer, A. Ale, P. Torgerson, N. Praet, C. Mairtens de Noordhout, B.D. Pandey, S.B. Pun, R. Lake, J. Vercruysse, D.D. Joshi, A.H. Havelaar, L. Duchateau, P. Dorny, N. Speybroek

    BackgroundParasitic zoonoses (PZs) pose a significant but often neglected threat to public health, especially in developing countries. In order to obtain a better understanding of their health impact, summary measures of population health may be calculated, such as the Disability-Adjusted Life...

  4. Animal welfare in the musk deer [ Moschus chrysogaster ]

    Contributor(s):: Shrestha, M. N.

  5. Tourists' effects on drivers of working Asian elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A.

    A growing wildlife tourist industry in Asia sometimes includes the use of elephants to transport tourists. Elephant drivers are responsible for the safe management of their elephants while loading, transporting, and unloading tourists for rides to view wildlife. This study sought to investigate...