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All Categories (21-40 of 43)

  1. Effect of therapeutic horseback riding on balance in community-dwelling older adults with balance deficits

    Contributor(s):: Homnick, D. N., Henning, K. M., Swain, C. V., Homnick, T. D.

  2. Morphological and Immunohistochemical Features of the Vomeronasal System in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Salazar, Ignacio, Cifuentes, Jose M., Sanchez-Quinteiro, Pablo

    Each of the structures integrating the sense of smell in mammals has a different degree of development, even in the so‚Äźcalled macrosmatic animals, according to the capacity of the olfactory system to detect thousands of different chemical signals. Such morphological diversity implies analogous...

  3. Neuromechanical control of locomotion in intact and incomplete spinal cord injured rats

    | Contributor(s):: Anil Kumar Thota

    Rodent models are being extensively used to investigate the effects of traumatic injury and to develop and assess the mechanisms of repair and regeneration. We present quantitative assessment of 2D kinematics of overground walking and for the first time 3D joint angle kinematics of all four limbs...

  4. Usefulness of pet ownership as a modulator of cardiac autonomic imbalance in patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and/or hyperlipidemia

    | Contributor(s):: Aiba, N., Hotta, K., Yokoyama, M., Wang, G., Tabata, M., Kamiya, K., Shimizu, R., Kamekawa, D., Hoshi, K., Yamaoka-Tojo, M., Masuda, T.

  5. Pain and stress in crustaceans? (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    | Contributor(s):: Elwood, R. W., Barr, S., Patterson, L.

    We consider evidence that crustaceans might experience pain and stress in ways that are analogous to those of vertebrates. Various criteria are applied that might indicate a potential for pain experience: (1) a suitable central nervous system and receptors, (2) avoidance learning, (3) protective...

  6. Human and animal intelligence: A question of degree and responsibility

    | Contributor(s):: John Hummer

    Until recently there have been pitifully few attempts by humans to communicate with and "learn the wisdom of" our fellow beings on Earth. But is it possible for us to learn the "language" and the true capacities of other animals? Do animals have intelligence at all? The answers to these questions...

  7. Psychosocial and psychophysiological effects of human-animal interactions: The possible role of oxytocin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Beetz, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Henri Julius, Kurt Kotrschal

    During the last decade it has become more widely accepted that pet ownership and animal assistance in therapy and education may have a multitude of positive effects on humans. Here, we review the evidence from 69 original studies on human-animal interactions (HAI) which met our inclusion...

  8. Influence of dolphin-assisted therapy sessions on the functional state of children with psychoneurological symptoms of diseases

    | Contributor(s):: Lukina, L. N.

  9. The hereditary " fixing " of individually acquired behaviour of animals and the origin of instincts

    | Contributor(s):: Krusinskii, L. V.

    ELEVEN German Shepherd dogs [Alsatian] of different ages were trained (1) to bring objects to the trainer, (2) to bring them on a command, (3) to get an object and then bring it on a command, and (4) to go when commanded and bring an object without a command. The best performances of these 4...

  10. Decision-making concerning pets with loss of autonomic function

    | Contributor(s):: Schoen, A. M.

  11. Docosahexaenoic acid and neurologic development in animals

    | Contributor(s):: Heinemann, K. M., Bauer, J. E.

    Analysis of data in puppies has revealed that feeding diets enriched in DHA to the dams during gestation and lactation and after weaning results in the accumulation of DHA in plasma lipids, which is associated with improvements in neurologic development, as indicated by the ERG response....

  12. Assessment of mental stress in warmblood horses: heart rate variability in comparison to heart rate and selected behavioural parameters

    | Contributor(s):: Rietmann, T. R., Stuart, A. E. A., Bernasconi, P., Stauffacher, M., Auer, J. A., Weishaupt, M. A.

    The aim of the study was to investigate whether heart rate variability (HRV) could assess alterations of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) at different levels of excitement. The behavioural and physiological responses of 20 warmblood horses to a challenging ground exercise task were studied....

  13. Behaviour of restricted-fed broiler breeders in relation to pharmacological manipulation of dopamine and opioid receptor subtypes

    | Contributor(s):: Kostal, L., Savory, C. J.

  14. Perseverative responding and the aetiology of equine oral stereotypy

    | Contributor(s):: Hemmings, A., McBride, S. D., Hale, C. E.

    Research suggests that environmentally-induced (spontaneous) stereotypies arise from dysregulation of the basal ganglia. Basal ganglia dysfunction can also expresses itself as aberrations in learning task performance. As a result, several studies have demonstrated a strong link between...

  15. Background to anomalous behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.

  16. Dietary awareness

    | Contributor(s):: Forbes, J. M.

    This review deals with an animal's ability to sense foods in the environment up to the point of swallowing (using vision, olfaction, taste, texture, position and palatability), i.e., where awareness of food is clearly conscious. Then the consequences of eating at the levels of the digestive...

  17. Exploratory study of stress-buffering response patterns from interaction with a therapy dog

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Knisely, J. S., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M., Pandurangi, A. K.

    This exploratory study builds on existing research on the physiological stress response to human-animal interactions in a non-clinical sample of adult dog-owners interacting with their own or an unfamiliar therapy dog under similar conditions. Participants were therapy-dog owners (TDO group; n=5)...

  18. On the human-animal boundary

    | Contributor(s):: Cassidy, R.

    This paper considers contemporary Western attitudes towards animals. Whilst many studies of human-animal relations look backwards to the inheritance of Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes and others, this paper looks to the future. I want to suggest another batch of possibilities that may serve as...

  19. Assessment of unconsciousness during carbon dioxide stunning in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Dalmau, A., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X., Jensen, E. W., Rodriguez, B., Litvan, H., Velarde, A.

    The aim of this study was to assess unconsciousness in pigs during exposure to CO2 through changes in the middle latency auditory evoke potentials (MLAEP) of the central nervous system (CNS), blood parameters (pH, carbon dioxide partial pressure [pCO2], oxygen partial pressure [pO2], oxygen...

  20. Is sodium fluoroacetate (1080) a humane poison?

    | Contributor(s):: Sherley, M.

    Sodium fluoroacetate (1080) is widely used for the control of vertebrate pests in Australia. While the ecological impact of 1080 baiting on non-target species has been the subject of ongoing research, the animal welfare implications of this practice have received little attention. Literature...