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  1. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...

  2. Companion dogs as weight loss partners

    Contributor(s):: Kushner, R. F.

    This paper reviews the beneficial impact of companion dogs on social support and physical activity, and their role in obesity management.

  3. Education for change

    Contributor(s):: Winne, M.

    The author uses two publications, Fighting Poverty in the US and Europe (Alesina and Glaeser) and Poetry magazine, to underscore the important role that educational institutions play in developing a person's political philosophy and imagination. European nations, for instance, have better funded...

  4. The fat of the land: linking American food overconsumption, obesity, and biodiversity loss

    Contributor(s):: Cafaro, P. J., Primack, R. B., Zimdahl, R. L.

    Americans' excessive consumption of food harms their health and quality of life and also causes direct and indirect environmental degradation, through habitat loss and increased pollution from agricultural fertilizers and pesticides. We show here that reducing food consumption (and eating less...

  5. Effect modification by familial predisposition when analyzing the influence of breastfeeding and pet keeping on the development of allergic diseases in children

    Contributor(s):: Pohlabeln, H.

    Introduction: In epidemiological studies an effect modification occurs if a statistical association between an exposure and an outcome differs depending on the levels of a third variable, which is not a deficiency of the study. However, if an effect modification is not accounted for in the...

  6. The PPET study: people and pets exercising together

    | Contributor(s):: Kushner, R. F., Blatner, D. J., Jewell, D. E., Rudloff, K.

    Objective: Obesity is a significant public health problem that is affecting people and their pets. The human-companion animal bond and the role of pets in providing social support provides a rationale framework for studying the effectiveness of a combined people and pets (PP) exercising together...

  7. Uncertainties of nutrigenomics and their ethical meaning

    | Contributor(s):: Korthals, M., Komduur, R.

    Again and again utopian hopes are connected with the life sciences (no hunger, health for everyone; life without diseases, longevity), but simultaneously serious research shows uncertain, incoherent, and ambivalent results. It is unrealistic to expect that these uncertainties will disappear. We...

  8. The effect of beak trimming on food intake, feeding behaviour and body weight in adult hens

    | Contributor(s):: Gentle, M. J., Hughes, B. O., Hubrecht, R. C.

    Beak trimming in adult hens caused a temporary fall in food intake which was not followed by a compensatory hyperphagia, and body weight was reduced for at least 6 weeks. Removal of half the beak had more effect than removing one-third, and the consequences were greater when the hens were fed...

  9. Prototypes connect human diabetes with feline and canine diabetes in the context of animal-human bonds: an anthropological analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Rock, M., Babinec, P.

    This study explored whether previous experiences with human diabetes influenced how people perceived and responded to the onset of diabetes in a companion animal, and if the experience of diabetic pet care might influence people's thinking and actions in relation to human health. We conducted a...