Pet loss and grief: identifying at-risk pet owners during the euthanasia process
| Contributor(s):: Barnard-Nguyen, S., Breit, M., Anderson, K. A., Nielsen, J.
Pet owners often experience complex and profound grief reactions when their animals are euthanized. Veterinary staff are increasingly being called upon to be aware of and to respond to the grief reactions of pet owners at this critical time. The objectives of this study were to identify pet...
Are farmers in alternative food networks social entrepreneurs? Evidence from a behavioral approach
| Contributor(s):: Migliore, G., Schifani, G., Romeo, P., Hashem, S., Cembalo, L.
Social entrepreneurship, individual activities with a social objective, is used in this study as a conceptual tool for empirically examining farmers' participation in alternative food networks (AFNs). This study verifies whether their participation is driven by the social entrepreneurship...
Adaptive ideals and aspirational goals: the utopian ideals and realist constraints of climate change adaptation
| Contributor(s):: Baard, P.
There is a growing need to implement anticipatory climate change adaptation measures, particularly in vulnerable sectors, such as in agriculture. However, setting goals to adapt is wrought with several challenges. This paper discusses two sets of challenges to goals of anticipatory adaptation, of...
Strategic use of straw increases nest building in loose housed farrowing sows
| Contributor(s):: Westin, R., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.
In spite of domestication, sows are still genetically programmed to perform nesting behaviour close to farrowing. In order to facilitate nest building, a method for a strategic use of large quantities of straw has been developed by Swedish piglet producing farmers. The objectives of the present...
An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology
| Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.
In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...
Effects of growth-promoting technology on feedlot cattle behavior in the 21 days before slaughter
| Contributor(s):: Stackhouse-Lawson, K. R., Tucker, C. B., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S., Mitloehner, F. M.
There is growing interest in the animal welfare implications of growth-promoting technology used in feedlot cattle, namely hormonal implants, ionophores, antibiotics and β 2-adrenergic agonists. Previous studies have focused on the effects of implants on aggression, but little work has...
The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...
The role of zoos in modern society - a comparison of zoos' reported priorities and what visitors believe they should be
| Contributor(s):: Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C. F.
Modern zoos are required to fulfill a growing number of responsibilities including scientific research, wildlife conservation, public recreation, and education. With so many roles and responsibilities and limited funds, zoos have to prioritize their activities in relation to their own specified...
An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project
| Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.
Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...
Effects of single-use and group-use enrichment on stereotypy and intragroup aggressive and affiliative behaviors of a social group of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) at the Singapore Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Sha, J., Han, S., Marlena, D., Kee, J.
Four food-based enrichment devices were used to test the effects of single-use and group-use enrichment devices on stereotypy, intragroup aggression, and affiliation in a compatible group of 5 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). All enrichment devices were found to reduce overall stereotypic...
Trends in sheltering and welfare at the Hawaiian Humane Society, Oahu, Hawaii
| Contributor(s):: McDowell, B., Burns, P., Lepczyk, C. A.
One of the major goals of an animal welfare organization is to reduce the number of homeless, nonhuman animals in a community. In Hawaii, the Hawaiian Humane Society has provided numerous animal welfare services to work toward this goal, such as offering sterilizations and microchipping at...
Using fecal hormonal and behavioral analyses to evaluate the introduction of two sable antelope at Lincoln Park Zoo
| Contributor(s):: Loeding, E., Thomas, J., Bernier, D., Santymire, R.
Introductions of sable antelope (Hippotragus niger) can be difficult due to the potential ensuing aggression compounded by their large horns. The goal was to use hormonal assays and behavioral analyses to evaluate the success of an introduction of 2 adult females at Lincoln Park Zoo. The...
Human-dog interactions and behavioural responses of village dogs in coastal villages in Michoacan, Mexico
| Contributor(s):: Ruiz-Izaguirre, E., Eilers, K. H. A. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Ortolani, A., Ortega-Pacheco, A., Boer, I. J. M. de
In Mexican villages, most households keep dogs that roam freely. Therefore, socialisation of village dogs occurs in a different context than that of companion dogs in developed countries. The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess village dogs' behavioural responses towards familiar and...
Are severely depressed suckling pigs resistant to gas euthanasia?
| Contributor(s):: Sadler, L. J., Karriker, L. A., Schwartz, K. J., Johnson, A. K., Widowski, T. M., Wang, C., Sutherland, M. A., Millman, S. T.
Severely depressed pigs exhibit differences in a number of important parameters that may affect gas euthanasia, including decreased respiration rate and tidal volume. Hence, the objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy and animal welfare implications of gas euthanasia of suckling pigs...
Effects of pre-transport nutrient supplementation and transport duration on the post-transport blood biochemistry, bodyweight and welfare of ostriches
| Contributor(s):: Bejaei, M., Bennett, D. C., Schaefer, A. L., Cheng, K. M.
There are very few abattoirs in North America that process ostriches ( Struthio camelus) which means producers are forced to transport their birds over long distances (>500 km) for processing. The objectives of this research were to investigate the effects of pre-transport nutrient...
Risk factors for unassisted on-farm death in Swedish dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Alvasen, K., Thomsen, P. T., Sandgren, C. H., Mork, M. J., Emanuelson, U.
Increased on-farm cow mortality (ie unassisted death and euthanasia) has been demonstrated in Swedish dairy herds during the last decade. Identifying risk factors associated with type of death is needed for future work in reducing cow mortality rates. The objectives of this case-control study...
The relationship between responsiveness of first-lactation heifers to humans and the behavioral response to milking and milk production measures
| Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Dowling, S. K.
The human-animal relationship can influence how an animal responds to situations involving humans and affect animal well-being and production. The objectives of this research were to (1) determine if there is a relationship between the behavioral reactivity of New Zealand dairy heifers toward...
Happy Cat, Sad Cat
Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents
| Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.
Current use of and attitudes towards identification in cats and dogs in veterinary clinics in Oklahoma City, USA
| Contributor(s):: Slater, M. R., Weiss, E., Lord, L. K.