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Evaluation of the tranquilliser trap device (TTD) for improving the humaneness of dingo trapping
Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A., Allen, L., Gigliotti, F., Busana, F., Gonzalez, T., Lindeman, M., Fisher, P. M.
Predation of sheep and cattle by the dingo (Canis lupus dingo) is implicated in significant stock losses throughout much of mainland Australia. Leg-hold traps are commonly used for dingo control and ways are sought to improve the humaneness of these devices. We evaluated the performance of the...
Fox control using a para-aminopropiophenone formulation with the M-44 ejector
Contributor(s):: Marks, C. A., Gigliotti, F., Busana, F., Johnston, M., Lindeman, M.
The M-44 ejector ('ejector') has proven to be a highly target-specific means of delivering toxicants to the exotic European red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in south-eastern Australia. Para-aminopropiophenone (PAPP) is a potent methaemoglobin (MetHb) forming compound in canids. A formulation of PAPP,...
Is sodium fluoroacetate (1080) a humane poison?
Contributor(s):: Sherley, M.
Sodium fluoroacetate (1080) is widely used for the control of vertebrate pests in Australia. While the ecological impact of 1080 baiting on non-target species has been the subject of ongoing research, the animal welfare implications of this practice have received little attention. Literature...
Is sodium fluoroacetate (1080) a humane poison? The influence of mode of action, physiological effects, and target specificity
Contributor(s):: Twigg, L. E., Parker, R. W.
1080 (sodium fluoroacetate)-baiting programmes are an important and often the only option for reducing the impact of invasive vertebrate pests on biodiversity and agricultural production in Australia and New Zealand. These programmes are generally recognised as being target specific, and...
Postgraduate teaching in farm animal welfare and ethics
Contributor(s):: Lund, V.
60 people in relevant scientific communities in 12 countries were contacted in Spring, 1995 in a survey of postgraduate education in animal welfare and ethics. Analysis of replies showed that 21 universities in 10 countries had offered or had definite plans to start courses in animal welfare...
Potential behavioural indicators of post-operative pain in male laboratory rabbits following abdominal surgery
Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Walker, J. K., Schweizer, K. A., Chuang, C. L., Guild, S. J., Barrett, C. J., Leach, M. C., Waran, N. K.
This study aimed to identify behaviours that could be used to assess post-operative pain and analgesic efficacy in male rabbits. In consideration of the 'Three Rs', behavioural data were collected on seven male New Zealand White rabbits in an ethically approved experiment requiring abdominal...
Stakeholders' assessment of welfare indicators for sheep and cattle exported by sea from Australia
Contributor(s):: Pines, M. K., Petherick, J. C., Gaughan, J. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
An adaptive conjoint analysis was used to evaluate stakeholders' opinion of welfare indicators for ship-transported sheep and cattle, both onboard and in pre-export depots. In consultations with two nominees of each identified stakeholder group (government officials, animal welfare...
Successful group housing of wild-caught brushtail possums ( Trichosurus vulpecula )
Contributor(s):: McLeod, B. J., Thompson, E. G., Crawford, J. L., Shackell, G. H.
The husbandry of the common brushtail possum colony in the Invermay Agricultural Centre, New Zealand is described. Emphasis has been placed on the maintenance of social interaction between possums and their ability to exhibit instinctive behaviour patterns. It is suggested that, under these...
The effect of handling under anaesthetic on the recapture rate of wild ship rats ( Rattus rattus )
Contributor(s):: Prout, D. M., King, C. M.
This paper describes a two-part study of small predators in New Zealand forests. First, during 12 days of live-trapping, 31 wild ship rats were captured, tagged and released: 9 were handled while anaesthetised using halothane and 22 were handled while conscious using gloves. There was a...
The ethical review process in the UK and Australia: the Australian experience of improved dialogue and communication
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, R. H.
The welfare implications of shepherding during lambing in extensive New Zealand farming systems
Contributor(s):: Fisher, M. W., Mellor, D. J.
Traps for killing stoats ( Mustela erminea ): improving welfare performance
Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Poutu, N., Peters, D., Waddington, P.
Fenn traps are widely used in New Zealand for control of small predators. Introduced stoats (Mustela erminea) pose a significant risk to many indigenous New Zealand bird species, and the Department of Conservation (DOC) has used Fenn traps to reduce their numbers over the last 20-30 years....
Validation of broiler chicken gait scoring training in Thailand, Brazil and New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Knowles, T. G., Whittington, P., Matthews, L., Rogers, A., Bagshaw, C. S.
Broiler chickens are the most numerous terrestrial farmed animals on earth. These birds can suffer a range of pathologies which result in lameness, and one technique for assessing the impact of lameness on the individual bird, and on the flock has been gait scoring. This paper describes a study...
Countering brutality to wildlife, relationism and ethics: conservation, welfare and the 'ecoversity'. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Garlick, S., Matthews, J., Carter, J.
Wildlife objectification and cruelty are everyday aspects of Australian society that eschew values of human kindness, empathy, and an understanding of the uniqueness and importance of non-human life in the natural world. Fostered by institutional failure, greed and selfishness, and the worst...
Integrating practical, regulatory and ethical strategies for enhancing farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Stafford, K. J.
The study was conducted to provide an integrated view of relationships between assessment of animal welfare, societal expectations regarding animal welfare standards, the need for regulation, and two ethical strategies for promoting animal welfare, emphasizing farm animals. Ideas in relevant...
An international gene bank for guide dogs: organisation, utilization and potential
Contributor(s):: Kolosi, J., Gunn, I. M.
The Royal Guide Dogs Association of Australia (RGDAA) has a breeding population of Labrador Retrievers consisting of 30 females and 11 stud males. Frozen semen from guide dog centres in UK and USA is used in its breeding programme to minimize inbreeding. The RGDAA is establishing an international...
The benefits of pets and the human animal bond
Contributor(s):: Kibble, R. M.