Traps for killing stoats ( Mustela erminea ): improving welfare performance
Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Poutu, N., Peters, D., Waddington, P.
Fenn traps are widely used in New Zealand for control of small predators. Introduced stoats (Mustela erminea) pose a significant risk to many indigenous New Zealand bird species, and the Department of Conservation (DOC) has used Fenn traps to reduce their numbers over the last 20-30 years....
Piglet mortality on farms using farrowing systems with or without crates
Contributor(s):: Weber, R., Keil, N. M., Fehr, M., Horat, R.
Crating sows in farrowing systems greatly restricts their normal behaviour, which is usually justified by the assumption that piglet mortality is higher with loose-housed sows. Based on experiments showing that this is not the case, farrowing crates were banned in Switzerland in 1997. Since then,...
Welfare assessment: indices from clinical observation
Contributor(s):: Webster, A. J. F., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.
It is not enough to study animal welfare; our responsibility is to promote it. To this end, we need to step out of our laboratories and develop robust protocols for assessing welfare in groups of animals on farms or in the laboratory. While these protocols must incorporate principles derived from...
Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions
Contributor(s):: Webster, J. R., Stewart, M., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A.
There is a need to assess the welfare of dairy cows that live outdoors under cold and wet conditions. This study combined a number of techniques to measure stress and make an assessment of welfare in this situation. Two groups often non-pregnant, non-lactating Holstein Friesian cows were exposed...
Rearing pigs in species-specific family groups
Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B.
In the Family Pen System, piglets and fatteners are reared in specific family groups that correspond to the normal social organization of domestic pigs. The feasibility of a technologically improved version of this alternative housing system, originally designed by Alex Stolba, was tested on a...
The influence of auditory stimulation on the behaviour of dogs housed in a rescue shelter
Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Graham, L., Hepper, P. G.
This study explored the influence of five types of auditory stimulation (human conversation, classical music, heavy metal music, pop music and a control) on the behaviour of 50 dogs housed in a rescue shelter in the UK [date not given]. The dogs were exposed to each type of auditory stimulation...
Laboratory animal, pet animal, farm animal, wild animal: which gets the best deal?
Contributor(s):: Wolfensohn, S., Honess, P.
A veterinary surgeon wishing to practice in the UK promises, on admission to the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, that their "constant endeavour will be to ensure the welfare of the animals committed to [their] care" (RCVS 2006 Guide to Professional Conduct). Yet a constant dilemma is that...
Emotional consequences when chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes ) face challenges: individual differences in self-directed behaviours during cognitive tasks
Contributor(s):: Yamanashi, Y., Matsuzawa, T.
Self-directed behaviours (SDBs) are said to be indicative of negative emotions. The present study focused on chimpanzees' SDBs during cognitive experiments in order to investigate how each chimpanzee reacted to his or her errors and to changes in task difficulty. We recorded and analysed the...
Results of the Animal Needs Index (ANI-35L) compared to animal-based parameters in free-range and organic laying hen flocks in Austria
Contributor(s):: Zaludik, K., Lugmair, A., Baumung, R., Troxler, J., Niebuhr, K.
The aim of this study was a comparison of Animal Needs Index (ANI) data, derived from annual inspections by a control agency, with data collected from 164 selected on-farm flocks concerning feather damage, injuries, egg production, mortality, bodyweight, foot pad dermatitis, keel bone deviations...
Animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy: an international outline and the current situation in Italy
Contributor(s):: Natoli, E.
The introductory study concerning human-animal relations in Warsaw Zoological Garden - the case of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
Contributor(s):: Kaleta, T., Tumialis, D., Malodobra, M.
The behaviour of chimpanzees and zoo visitors directed at each other were observed in Warsaw Zoo, Poland, during September 1999-April 2000 and July-September 2003. The aggressive displays and non-aggressive begging were the main types of behaviour performed by apes. When imitating humans,...
Countering brutality to wildlife, relationism and ethics: conservation, welfare and the 'ecoversity'. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Garlick, S., Matthews, J., Carter, J.
Wildlife objectification and cruelty are everyday aspects of Australian society that eschew values of human kindness, empathy, and an understanding of the uniqueness and importance of non-human life in the natural world. Fostered by institutional failure, greed and selfishness, and the worst...
An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.
Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...
Studies on human-animal interaction: how do humans and animals perceive each other?
Contributor(s):: Koba, Y.
Coordination of French research on animal welfare: organisation and activities of AGRI animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Levy, F., Beaumont, C., Larrere, R., Dantzer, R.
AGRIBEA was organized in 1999 to coordinate animal welfare research conducted by INRA (French Institute for Agronomy Research). Since then, AGRIBEA had expanded rapidly within and outside INRA and now had 128 members of which less than two thirds were from INRA, while the other members came from...
Integrating practical, regulatory and ethical strategies for enhancing farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Stafford, K. J.
The study was conducted to provide an integrated view of relationships between assessment of animal welfare, societal expectations regarding animal welfare standards, the need for regulation, and two ethical strategies for promoting animal welfare, emphasizing farm animals. Ideas in relevant...
The consideration of the eligibility of guide dogs for the blind at an early stage of their candidacy, aiming at the development and proliferation of guide dogs in Japan
Contributor(s):: Mizukoshi, M.
This paper describes the current state of guide dog training in Japan. The aspects include aptitude testing and behaviour assessment of the dogs. A judging standard adjustable to the development of new testing procedures and the current state of the facilities should be initiated to improve the...
Do pets influence the quantity and choice of food offered to them by their owners: lessons from other animals and the pre-verbal human infant?
Contributor(s):: Day, J. E. L., Kergoat, S., Kotrschal, K.
All social animals influence each other's behaviour. One area of particular interest is the social interaction that occurs between pets and their owners. Within pet-owner dyads, food and feeding are always part of the dyadic ritual. In this review, we hypothesize that feeding can be considered to...
A pet loss support group: evaluation of the first year
Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Rivero, C. A., Mader, B., Hart, B. L.
The legal implications of the veterinarian's role as a private practitioner and health professional, with particular reference to the human-animal bond: Part 2, The veterinarian's role in society
Contributor(s):: Jack, D. C.