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  1. Tree cover and injurious feather-pecking in commercial flocks of free-range laying hens: a follow up

    Contributor(s):: Bright, A., Gill, R., Willings, T. H.

    Injurious feather-pecking in non-cage systems is a serious economic and welfare concern for the egg-producing industry. This study presents results from data of over 1,000 flocks from producers who supplied free-range eggs to McDonald's Restaurants Ltd UK between 2008 and 2013. These producers...

  2. Consumer attitudes to injurious pecking in free-range egg production

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, R. M., Jones, P. J., Nicol, C. J., Tranter, R. B., Weeks, C. A.

    Free-range egg producers face continuing problems from injurious pecking (IP) which has financial consequences for farmers and poor welfare implications for birds. Beak-trimming has been practised for many years to limit the damage caused by IP, but with the UK Government giving notification that...

  3. Socio-economic changes and their implication in the consumption and trade of meat during the La Tene period in Northern France: the cases of the Villeneuve-Saint-Germain and Conde-sur-Suippe (Aisne) oppida

    Contributor(s):: Paris, P. E.

    Over the last two centuries B.C., Northern Gaul is confronted with a severe socio-political crisis revealed by a phase of considerable urban development. The re-organization of the territory deeply alters the landscape of Belgic Gaul as the signs of actual Gallic city-states emerge. This rapid...

  4. Intensive exploitation of oysters during Antiquity and the Middle Ages on the French Atlantic coast: the example of Beauvoir-sur-Mer (Vendee)Des exploitations intensives d'huitres pendant l'Antiquite et le Moyen Age sur le littoral atlantique francai

    Contributor(s):: Dupont, C., Rouzeau, N.

    Along the European Atlantic facade, the consumption of flat oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) has been known since the Mesolithic era (Gutierrez-Zugasti et al. 2011). This observation is also true for French coasts (Dupont 2006). Especially during Antiquity, the exploitation of this species...

  5. The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities

    Contributor(s):: Jacques, J. R.

    Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for investigating...

  6. Voices from behind prison walls: the impact of training service dogs on women in prison

    Contributor(s):: Minton, C. A., Perez, P. R., Miller, K.

    This study investigated the effects that training service dogs had on women in a multi-level security prison in California. Through semi-structured interviews, the inmates discussed the challenges and benefits of involvement in this program. The findings suggested that participation in training...

  7. "There is no wild": conservation and circus discourse

    Contributor(s):: Bell, J.

    This paper documents the discourse used by contemporary circuses to justify their exploitation of nonhuman animals. The circus is undergoing redefinition due to cultural changes, animal welfare concerns, and political legislation. Critical Discourse Analysis is applied to a sample of articles (...

  8. An exploration of an Equine-Facilitated Learning intervention with young offenders

    Contributor(s):: Hemingway, A., Meek, R., Hill, C. E.

    This research reports a qualitative study to explore the behavioral responses and reflections from Young Offenders undertaking an Equine-Facilitated Learning (EFL) Intervention in prison in the United Kingdom. Learning was facilitated by an instructor, and the participants were taught...

  9. Money for nothing: are decoupled agricultural subsidies just?

    Contributor(s):: Pilchman, D.

    Every year, the US government pays farmers billions of dollars not to grow anything. Especially within urban constituencies, politically and geographically distant from food production centers, these decoupled agriculture subsidies may seem to be unjust uses for public tax dollars. But can any...

  10. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  11. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  12. Using self-selection to evaluate the acceptance of a new diet formulation by farmed fish

    Contributor(s):: Carlberg, H., Cheng, Ken, Lundh, T., Brannas, E.

    The evaluation of new diet composition is commonly achieved by performing time-consuming growth trials, which may negatively impact the welfare of a large number of fish if the feed is not accepted. Instead, the fish's behavioural responses to a new diet composition can be used as a first step in...

  13. #SaveBenjy: sexuality, queer animals, and Ireland

    Contributor(s):: McLoughlin, E.

    This paper explores the #SaveBenjy Crowdfunder campaign to save a Charolais bull in the Republic of Ireland who expressed sexual interest only in weanling bulls and not the heifers he was expected to impregnate. The prominence and popularity of #SaveBenjy is anything but coincidental. In May...

  14. Bird-window collisions: a critical animal welfare and conservation issue

    Contributor(s):: Klem, D., Jr.

    Sheet glass and plastic in the form of clear and reflective windows are universally lethal to birds. Reasonable interpretation of available scientific evidence describes windows as a principal human-associated avian mortality factor that is an indiscriminant killer of common species as well as...

  15. Turning point of transformation: consumer communities, identity projects and becoming a serious dog hobbyist

    Contributor(s):: Syrjala, H.

    The present paper aims to delineate the turning point of the transformation that takes place when a casual enthusiast becomes a serious hobbyist within the subculture of dog agility devotees. Thereby, this paper participates in prior discussions in consumer research that have deliberated on...

  16. A universal animal welfare framework for zoos

    Contributor(s):: Kagan, R., Carter, S., Allard, S.

    The Detroit Zoological Society's (DZS) Center for Zoo Animal Welfare (CZAW) was created to advance the science and policy of the welfare of exotic nonhuman animals in captivity. This important part of the DZS mission is achieved through assessments of, and research on, the welfare of animals in...

  17. Freedom of cropping and the good life: political philosophy and the conflict between the organic movement and the biotech industry over cross-contamination

    Contributor(s):: Scott, D.

    This paper begins by describing recent controversies over cross-contamination of crops in the United States and European Union. The EU and US are both applying the principle of freedom of cropping to resolve these conflicts, which is based on an individualistic philosophy. However, despite the EU...

  18. Selected papers from Mistra Workshop on Ethical Issues in New Biotechnology in Agriculture, Uppsala, Sweden, 11 September 2013

    Contributor(s):: Sandin, P., Moula, P.

    This selection of three papers addresses ethical issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. The first paper argues that GM food is not necessarily unnatural in a sense that would offer a good reason for favoring food that is not GM. The second paper examines the public debate about GMO...

  19. Are farmers in alternative food networks social entrepreneurs? Evidence from a behavioral approach

    Contributor(s):: Migliore, G., Schifani, G., Romeo, P., Hashem, S., Cembalo, L.

    Social entrepreneurship, individual activities with a social objective, is used in this study as a conceptual tool for empirically examining farmers' participation in alternative food networks (AFNs). This study verifies whether their participation is driven by the social entrepreneurship...

  20. Pragmatist philosophical reflections on GMOs

    Contributor(s):: Heldke, L.

    This essay examines the public debate about the agricultural biotechnologies known as genetically modified organisms, as that debate is being carried out in its most dichotomizing forms in the United States. It attempts to reveal the power of sharply dichotomous thinking, as well as its limits....