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  1. Investigating the role of coat colour, age, sex, and breed on outcomes for dogs at two animal shelters in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Svoboda, H. J., Hoffman, C. L.

    The popular press frequently reports that coat colour bias negatively impacts shelter adoption rates for black domestic dogs. This phenomenon, commonly called 'black dog syndrome' (BDS), reportedly increases the likelihood of euthanasia for black dogs and negatively affects the length of black...

  2. Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland

    Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.

    There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...

  3. A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport

    Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.

    Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...

  4. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  5. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  6. A cross-sectional epidemiological study of prevalence and severity of bit-induced oral trauma in polo ponies and race horses

    Contributor(s):: Mata, F., Johnson, C., Bishop, C.

    Bit and bridle accessories improperly fitted in ridden horses can cause oral trauma such as bone spurs, commissure ulceration, and tongue lacerations. This study was used to identify, grade, and compare the types of oral traumas commonly found within polo ponies and race horses. Injuries were...

  7. Agriculture and food 2050: visions to promote transformation driven by science and society

    Contributor(s):: Gebhard, E., Hagemann, N., Hensler, L., Schweizer, S., Wember, C.

    Today's food production and consumption go hand in hand with immense damages to humans and nature. Change is needed, but where to start and which direction to go? This article tries to give an interdisciplinary answer by taking recourse to a vision, that is, an ideal image of the future which is...

  8. Assessing changes in the UK pet cat and dog populations: numbers and household ownership

    Contributor(s):: Murray, J. K., Gruffydd-Jones, T. J., Roberts, M. A., Browne, W. J.

    The main aim of this study was to replicate methodology used to estimate the size of the UK pet cat and dog populations in 2006 and the proportion of households owning cats/dogs in 2007, to produce updated data to compare trends in ownership and population sizes. A cross-sectional study design...

  9. Breed characteristics of abandoned and lost dogs in the Czech Republic

    Contributor(s):: Voslarova, E., Zak, J., Vecerek, V., Bedanova, I.

    Records on sheltered dogs were collected from 3 municipal dog shelters situated in different regions of the Czech Republic from 2010 to 2013. A total of 3,875 dogs were analyzed in this study. Among these, 1,614 dogs were subsequently reclaimed (lost dogs) and 2,261 dogs were abandoned and...

  10. Citizen attitudes to farm animals in Finland: a population-based study

    Contributor(s):: Kupsala, S., Vinnari, M., Jokinen, P., Rasanen, P.

    Citizen attitudes and opinions form an important driving force for improvements in the ethical status of farm animals in society. Hence, it is important to understand how attitudes to farm animals vary in society and what factors, mechanisms and social processes influence the development of these...

  11. Companion rabbit and companion bird management practices among a representative sample of guardians in Victoria, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    Although companion animal management practices used by caregivers can influence the welfare of the companion animals, there is little existing information about the ways in which people attempt to meet their companion animals' needs. A representative sample of rabbit guardians ( n=93,...

  12. Considering companion animals an examination of companion animal policies in California domestic violence shelters

    Contributor(s):: Komorosky, D., Woods, D. R., Empie, K.

    A growing body of literature has shown the link between domestic violence and animal cruelty, resulting in a shift in the way family violence and those who are victims of abuse are considered. There are approximately 700 shelters across the nation protecting women and their children from domestic...

  13. Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty

    Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...

  14. Factors affecting penetrating captive bolt gun performance

    Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Mason, C. W., Spence, J. Y., Barker, H., Gregory, N. G.

    Captive bolt stunning is used for rendering livestock insensible at slaughter. The mechanical factors relating to performance of 6 penetrating captive bolt gun (CBG) models were examined. The Matador Super Securit 3000 and the .25 Cash Euro Stunner had the highest kinetic energy values (443 J and...

  15. Important cows and possum pests: New Zealand's Biodiversity Strategy and (bio)political taxonomies of introduced species

    Contributor(s):: Dutkiewicz, J.

    This paper examines how New Zealand's conservation discourses and strategies have, since the launch of its Biodiversity Strategy at the turn of the millennium, created and sustained a local taxonomy of species rooted in the overlapping but often clashing logics of biodiversity protection,...

  16. Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system

    Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.

    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...

  17. Modification of the Feline-ality TM assessment and the ability to predict adopted cats' behaviors in their new homes

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Gramann, S., Drain, N., Dolan, E., Slater, M.

    It is estimated that 2.5 million cats enter animal shelters in the United States every year and as few as 20% leave the shelter alive. Of those adopted, the greatest risk to post-adoption human animal bond is unrealistic expectations set by the adopter. The ASPCA's Meet Your Match Feline-ality TM...

  18. Of cows and women: gendered human-animal relationships in Finnish agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Kaarlenkaski, T.

    In the Nordic countries, the tending of cattle was regarded as women's work in agrarian culture. This was also the case in Finland, where the gendered division of labor on farms was fairly strict until the mid-20th century. The purpose of this article is to discuss the gendered representations of...

  19. Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Benjamin A. Curry, Brianne Donaldson, Moana Vercoe, Matthew Filippo, Paul J. Zak

    Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to...

  20. Pastoral power and the limits of Victorian nonhuman animal protection

    | Contributor(s):: Feuerstein, A.

    This paper argues that the Christian discourse disseminated by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (rspca) in the early Victorian period represents nonhuman animals as complicit in their own subjection. Using Foucault's notion of pastoral power - a power of care - we can...