Transport stress in roe deer ( Capreolus capreolus ): effect of a short-acting antipsychotic
Contributor(s):: Montane, J., Marco, I., Lopez-Olvera, J., Manteca, X., Lavin, S.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a short-acting antipsychotic (acepromazine) on the stress response to transport in roe deer (C. capreolus). 21 roe deer in France were submitted to a 9-h road journey in order to reintroduce and restock this species into Catalonia (northeastern...
Traps for killing stoats ( Mustela erminea ): improving welfare performance
Contributor(s):: Warburton, B., Poutu, N., Peters, D., Waddington, P.
Fenn traps are widely used in New Zealand for control of small predators. Introduced stoats (Mustela erminea) pose a significant risk to many indigenous New Zealand bird species, and the Department of Conservation (DOC) has used Fenn traps to reduce their numbers over the last 20-30 years....
United States Department of Agriculture: building bridges through innovative animal well-being initiatives
Contributor(s):: Reynnells, R. D.
Animal well-being issues are addressed by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) through a variety of agencies and in various formats. Most farmers are good stewards of their animals and will raise them according to societal demands as supported by market choices. Management standards...
Use of conjoint analysis to weight welfare assessment measures for broiler chickens in UK husbandry systems
Contributor(s):: Haslam, S. M., Kestin, S. C.
For the purposes of farm animal welfare assessment, Farm Assurance Schemes and enforcement of animal welfare legislation, a requirement arises for a unitary welfare score which may be the amalgamation of several animal welfare measures. In amalgamating measures, weighting to reflect the...
Validation of broiler chicken gait scoring training in Thailand, Brazil and New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Knowles, T. G., Whittington, P., Matthews, L., Rogers, A., Bagshaw, C. S.
Broiler chickens are the most numerous terrestrial farmed animals on earth. These birds can suffer a range of pathologies which result in lameness, and one technique for assessing the impact of lameness on the individual bird, and on the flock has been gait scoring. This paper describes a study...
Voluntary animal welfare assessment of mass-produced farm animal housing equipment using a standardised procedure
Contributor(s):: Knierim, U., Hesse, D., Borell, E. von, Herrmann, H. J., Muller, C., Rauch, H. W., Sachser, N., Zerbe, F.
Welfare aspects of chick handling in broiler and laying hen hatcheries
Contributor(s):: Knowles, T. G., Brown, S. N., Warriss, P. D., Butterworth, A., Hewitt, L.
Six commercial hatcheries were visited in the United Kingdom, three of which processed laying hen chicks and three of which processed broiler chicks. The accelerations experienced by the chicks passing through the handling systems were evaluated using miniature data logging accelerometers, which...
Welfare assessment in pet rabbits
Contributor(s):: Schepers, F., Koene, P., Beerda, B.
One million pet rabbits are kept in The Netherlands, but there are no data available on their behaviour and welfare. This study seeks to assess the welfare of pet rabbits in Dutch households and is a first step in the development of a welfare assessment system. In an internet survey, housing...
Welfare assessment of captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus ) and Indian rhinoceros ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) using salivary cortisol measurement
Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Mauri, M.
The measurement of salivary cortisol allows non-invasive assessment of welfare in captive animals. We utilised this technique to test the effect of zoo opening on six Asian elephants and two Indian rhinoceros at the Terra Natura Zoological Park, Alicante, Spain, during pre-opening, opening and...
Welfare assessment on Japanese dairy farms using the Animal Needs Index
Contributor(s):: Seo, T., Date, K., Daigo, T., Kashiwamura, F., Sato, S.
The Animal Needs Index (ANI) is used for on-farm assessment of welfare in Austria. However, no synthetic welfare assessment system exists in Japan. We performed a welfare assessment of Japanese dairy farms using the ANI scoring system. On 25 farms, 36 dairy herds were assessed using the...
Welfare assessment: indices from clinical observation
Contributor(s):: Webster, A. J. F., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.
It is not enough to study animal welfare; our responsibility is to promote it. To this end, we need to step out of our laboratories and develop robust protocols for assessing welfare in groups of animals on farms or in the laboratory. While these protocols must incorporate principles derived from...
Welfare concerns associated with pedigree dog breeding in the UK
Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Sargan, D. R.
In the UK, numerous pedigree dogs of many breeds experience compromised welfare due to the direct and indirect effects of selective breeding. Many breeds are selected to have physical conformations which, although perceived by some to be desirable, have direct negative effects upon their welfare....
Welfare implications of culling red deer ( Cervus elaphus )
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, E. L., Bateson, P.
Welfare costs of culling of red deer by rifle ('stalking') or by hunting with hounds ('hunting') were compared in southwestern England. Observations of hunts revealed that likely stressors such as close proximity to humans and hounds, active pursuit, noise, obstruction and physical restraint...
Welfare implications of the gas stunning of pigs. 2. Stress of induction of anaesthesia
Contributor(s):: Raj, A. B. M., Gregory, N. G.
The severity of respiratory distress occurring before loss of posture during exposure to 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 or 90% CO2 in air; 2 or 5% residual oxygen in argon; 30% CO2 in argon with either 2 or 5% residual oxygen; or 40% CO2 in argon with either 2 or 5% residual oxygen, was subjectively...
Wounding rates in shooting foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )
Contributor(s):: Fox, N. C., Blay, N., Greenwood, A. G., Wise, D., Potapov, E.
One-hundred-and-ninety-nine shooters in England, Wales and Scotland shot at fox-shaped targets in 35 shotgun regimes including .410 and 12 bore using No 6, BB or AAA shot sizes at 25, 40 or 60 yards, with open and full choke barrels, and skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled shooters. A further 16...
An international comparison of female and male students' attitudes to the use of animals. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Phillips, C., Izmirli, S., Aldavood, J., Alonso, M., Choe, Bi, Hanlon, A., Handziska, A., Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Kennedy, M., Lee, Gwi, Lund, V., Mejdell, C., Pelagic, V., Rehn, T.
Previous research has demonstrated that in households where the male partner is more dominant, there is convergence in male and female attitudes towards animals, whereas if the female partner is empowered they exhibit greater empathy towards animals than the male partner. We tested this theory of...
Animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy: an international outline and the current situation in Italy
Contributor(s):: Natoli, E.
Countering brutality to wildlife, relationism and ethics: conservation, welfare and the 'ecoversity'. (Special issue: Minding animals: Emerging issues concerning our relationships with other animals.)
Contributor(s):: Garlick, S., Matthews, J., Carter, J.
Wildlife objectification and cruelty are everyday aspects of Australian society that eschew values of human kindness, empathy, and an understanding of the uniqueness and importance of non-human life in the natural world. Fostered by institutional failure, greed and selfishness, and the worst...
The introductory study concerning human-animal relations in Warsaw Zoological Garden - the case of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
Contributor(s):: Kaleta, T., Tumialis, D., Malodobra, M.
The behaviour of chimpanzees and zoo visitors directed at each other were observed in Warsaw Zoo, Poland, during September 1999-April 2000 and July-September 2003. The aggressive displays and non-aggressive begging were the main types of behaviour performed by apes. When imitating humans,...
A pet loss support group: evaluation of the first year
Contributor(s):: Hart, L. A., Rivero, C. A., Mader, B., Hart, B. L.