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  1. Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.

    Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...

  2. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  3. How do human-animal emotional relationships influence public perceptions of animal use?

    | Contributor(s):: Cox, L., Montrose, T.

    Human-animal emotional relationships have a complicated interplay with public perceptions of the morality of animal use. Humans may build emotional relationships with companion species. These species are not usually intensively farmed in the United Kingdom, but they may be utilized during animal...

  4. Human-cat relationship in an oceanic biosphere reserve: the case of La Palma Island, Canary archipelago

    | Contributor(s):: Medina, F. M., Nogales, M., Farnworth, M. J., Bonnaud, E.

    Removal of feral cats from island environments is a useful mechanism by which their ecological impact on endangered species can be reduced or ended. Nevertheless, because cats are anthropogenic in their origins, social perceptions of management practices play a large role in their implementation....

  5. Animal-assisted therapy for youth: a systematic methodological critique

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dana. K. May, Nicholas P. Seivert, Annmarie Cano, Rita J. Casey, Amy Johnson

    Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) for youth has the potential to benefit both physical and mental health outcomes. Yet little is known about the extent to which study designs in this area are aligned with established standards of intervention research. This critical review assesses current research...

  6. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, CÈline Degrez, Zarrin Alavi, Eric Lemonnier

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated...

  7. A study of beliefs related to animals in Diyarbakir folkloreDiyarbakir folklorunda hayvanlarla ilgili inanislar uzerine bir arastirma

    | Contributor(s):: Kucukaslan, O., Ucar, M.

    Aim: In the study, it was aimed to determine the beliefs on animals in Diyarbakir folklore and to estimate these findings for human-animal relationships and origins of the beliefs, it was also aimed to contribute to the studies on the folklore research. Materials and Methods: The main materials...

  8. Runne-Beana: dog herds ethnographer

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, M.

    Saami society in Lapland (now often called Saapmi), particularly the seasonally-nomadic reindeer-breeding sector, is predicated upon mobility and autonomy of its actors. Runne-Beana, a talented reindeer-herding dog, exhibited both mobility and autonomy when allocating to himself a peripatetic...

  9. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  10. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  11. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    | Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  12. Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals

    | Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.

    Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand the...

  13. Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.

    Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...

  14. Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

    | Contributor(s):: Diaz, E. M.

    The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21...

  15. How does dog-walking influence perceptions of health and wellbeing in healthy adults? A qualitative dog-walk-along study

    | Contributor(s):: Campbell, K., Smith, C. M., Tumilty, S., Cameron, C., Treharne, G. J.

    The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and wellbeing related to dog-walking in healthy adults. Ten self-reported healthy adult dog-walkers took part in one dog-walk-along interview, and nine of the 10 participants also attended one follow-up participatory analysis session. All...

  16. In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Apps, K., Dimmock, K., Lloyd, D., Huveneers, C.

    White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the un- derlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper...

  17. Rural and urban students' perceptions of and attitudes toward brown bears in Turkey

    | Contributor(s):: Ambarli, H.

    Many studies have examined adults’ perceptions of and attitudes toward large carnivores to assess human–wildlife conflict and inform conservation strategies, but there have been few studies concerning children. I studied secondary school students’ perceptions of and attitudes...

  18. Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates

    | Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.

    Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...

  19. Empathy towards animals and belief in animal-human-continuity in Italian veterinary students

    | Contributor(s):: Colombo, E. S., Pelosi, A., Prato-Previde, E.

    Empathy towards animals and beliefs in animal-human continuity appear to play an important role in shaping the human-animal relationship and in determining the way animals are treated and cared for. Veterinary medicine plays a central role in animal welfare and has been recognised as a highly...

  20. The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.

    Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...