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  1. Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States

    Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...

  2. Behavioral reasons for relinquishment of dogs and cats to 12 shelters

    Contributor(s):: Salman, M. D., Hutchison, J., Ruch-Gallie, R., Kogan, L., New, J. C., Jr., Kass, P. H., Scarlett, J. M.

    The Regional Shelter Relinquishment Study sponsored by the National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy (NCPPSP) is a US research project designed to explore the characteristics of relinquished dogs and cats, their owners, and the reasons for relinquishment. The NCPPSP Regional Shelter...

  3. Birth and death rate estimates of cats and dogs in U.S. households and related factors

    Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Kelch, W. J., Hutchison, J. M., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H.

    Studies report variable factors associated with dog and cat surpluses in the United States. Estimates of cat and dog birth and death rates help understand the problem. This study collected data through a commercial survey company, distributing questionnaires to 7,399 cat- and dog-owning...

  4. Characteristics of relinquished dogs and their owners at 14 rehoming centers in the United Kingdom

    Contributor(s):: Diesel, G., Brodbelt, D., Pfeiffer, D. U.

    In the United Kingdom, each year many companion animal (pet) caregivers (owners) hand over dogs to shelters for rehoming. Studies conducted in the United States and Australia have shown that accommodation issues and problematic behaviors are the most common reasons for dogs to be relinquished....

  5. Characteristics of shelter-relinquished animals and their owners compared with animals and their owners in U.S. pet-owning households

    Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H., Hutchison, J. M.

    Investigators sponsored by the National Council on Pet Population Study and Policy interviewed people who relinquished dogs and cats at 12 shelters in 4 regions of the USA. We collected similar data from a sample of US households with companion animals. Data collected included non-human animal...

  6. Combination therapy reduces self-injurious behavior in a chimpanzee ( Pan troglodytes troglodytes ): a case report

    Contributor(s):: Bourgeois, S. R., Vazquez, M., Brasky, K.

    Self-injurious behavior (SIB) remains a severe and intractable abnormal behavior for nonhuman primates in diverse settings and is a significant concern for veterinarians and behavioral scientists. To date, no single pharmacological, behavioral, social, or environmental intervention method has...

  7. Community partnering as a tool for improving live release rate in animal shelters in the United States

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Patronek, G., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Medicus, K.

    Collaboration among all shelters and nonhuman animal welfare groups within a community along with the transparent, shared reporting of uniform data have been promoted as effective ways to increase the number of animals' lives saved. This article summarizes the shelter intakes, outcomes, and live...

  8. Compassion for animals in the laboratory: impairment or refinement of research methodology?

    Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.

    There are now signs in the United States as well as in Europe that the importance of a positive human-nonhuman animal relationship in research laboratories is appreciated more seriously. In addition to knowledge and skills, primary attributes of animal research personnel must be feelings of...

  9. Computer-aided pattern recognition of large reptiles as a noninvasive application to identify individuals

    Contributor(s):: Moro, D., MacAulay, I.

    For large species, the capture and handling of individuals in capture-mark-recapture studies introduces nonhuman animal welfare issues associated with handling, physical marking, and possible wounding due to tag loss. The use of photographic identification for these species offers an alternative...

  10. Conference on "Animal welfare and epidemiology - across species, across disciplines, and across borders", Ames, Iowa, USA, 14-16 July 2008

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T., Johnson, A. K., O'Connor, A. M., Zanella, A. J.

    Papers and abstracts from the Conference on Animal Welfare and Epidemiology: Across Species, Across Disciplines, and Across Borders, Ames, Iowa, 14-16 July 2008.

  11. Coyote ( Canis latrans ) interactions with humans and pets reported in the Canadian print media (1995-2010)

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, S. M., Quinn, M. S.

    Interactions with coyotes are a growing management concern in urban North America. We conducted a content analysis of 453 articles addressing coyote events reported in the Canadian print media between 1995 and 2010. There were 119 articles about human-coyote interactions: 32 involved a coyote...

  12. Current attitudes toward, and incidence of, sterilization of cats and dogs by caregivers (owners) in Auckland, New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: McKay, S. A., Farnworth, M. J., Waran, N. K.

    This study distributed a questionnaire to cat or dog caregivers (owners) throughout Auckland, New Zealand, to investigate the attitudes of human companions toward the sterilization of their cats and dogs and the degree to which this occurs relative to demographic information gathered. A total of...

  13. Description and evaluation of a canine volunteer blood donor program

    Contributor(s):: DeLuca, L. A., Glass, S. G., Johnson, R. E., Burger, M.

    Human volunteer blood donor programs are commonplace, but the concept of nonhuman animal blood banking is relatively new. Few studies exist regarding efficacy, donor screening, and safety for volunteer companion animals. This retrospective study evaluated a nonprofit, community-based canine...

  14. Distribution of nonhuman animal versus nonanimal research funding at four U.S. Institutions in fiscal year 2000

    Contributor(s):: Bogle, R., Greek, R.

    Much controversy exists concerning the use of nonhuman animals in biomedical research. Textbooks, articles, and journals are dedicated to studying animal models, studying alternatives, and debating various aspects of the issue. Surprisingly however, very little information exists on how many...

  15. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...

  16. Effect of breed, cage type, and reproductive phase on fecal corticosterone levels in doe rabbits

    Contributor(s):: Prola, L., Cornale, P., Renna, M., Macchi, E., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.

    Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) is increasingly being used as a noninvasive indicator of stress in assessment of nonhuman animal welfare. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of breed, cage type, reproductive phase, and their interactions on FCC levels in doe rabbits. A total of...

  17. Effects of phenotypic characteristics on the length of stay of dogs at two no kill animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Brown, W. P., Davidson, J. P., Zuefle, M. E.

    Adoption records from 2 no kill shelters in New York State were examined to determine how age, sex, size, breed group, and coat color influenced the length of stay (LOS) of dogs at these shelters. Young puppies had the shortest length of stay; LOS among dogs increased linearly as age increased....

  18. Effects of three food enrichment items on the behavior of black lemurs ( Eulemur macaco macaco ) and ringtail lemurs ( Lemur catta ) at the Henson Robinson Zoo, Springfield, Illinois

    Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Meiers, S. T., White, J., Romano, M. A.

    This study tested 3 food enrichment items mentioned in a laboratory primate newsletter with 6 adult Eulemur macaco and 3 adult Lemur catta to examine whether the items would affect the behavior of the lemurs. The results suggest that Food Enrichment Item 3 (a wire box filled with whole grapes,...

  19. Emergency and disaster planning at Ohio animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Decker, S. M., Lord, L. K., Walker, W. L., Wittum, T. E.

    Results of a cross-sectional study to determine the level of emergency and disaster response planning at Ohio nonhuman animal shelters and the role Ohio agencies have in emergency and disaster response planning in their communities indicated a lack of preparedness coupled with underutilization of...

  20. Employee reactions and adjustment to euthanasia-related work: identifying turning-point events through retrospective narratives

    Contributor(s):: Reeve, C. L., Spitzmuller, C., Rogelberg, S. G., Walker, A., Schultz, L., Clark, O.

    This study used a retrospective narrative procedure to examine the critical events that influence reactions and adjustment to euthanasia-related work of 35 employees who have stayed in the animal care and welfare field for at least 2 years. Data were collected at the 2002 Animal Care Expo held in...