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  1. Preliminary investigation of morphological differences between ten breeds of horses suggests selection for paedomorphosis. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Levine, M., McGreevy, P. D.

    Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. When comparing dogs with the wolf, this preliminary study saw paedomorphosis in their physical and behavioural traits (Goodwin,...

  2. Production costs and animal welfare for four stylized hog production systems

    Contributor(s):: Seibert, L., Norwood, F. B.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is arguably the most contentious issue facing the hog industry. Animal advocacy groups influence the regulation of hog farms and induce some consumers to demand more humane pork products. Hog producers are understandably reluctant to improve animal well being unless the...

  3. Quantifying the shelter rabbit population: an analysis of Massachusetts and Rhode Island animal shelters

    Contributor(s):: Cook, A. J., McCobb, E.

    Scholarly work on the nonhuman animal shelter population has widely focused on cats and dogs. As a result, little is known about the population dynamics of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in shelters. The records from 4 companion animal shelters in Massachusetts and Rhode Island were...

  4. Returning a recently adopted companion animal: adopters' reasons for and reactions to the failed adoption experience

    Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R.

    The return of a recently adopted companion animal places the nonhuman animal in jeopardy and may be painful and frustrating to the humans involved. However, if returners learn from the failed adoption experience, future adoptions may be more satisfactory for all concerned. In this study, 78...

  5. Selecting shelter dogs for service dog training

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E.

    Service dogs are an essential aid to persons with disabilities, providing independence, mobility and improved self-esteem. Because of these proven benefits, the growing use of service dogs is creating a demand and supply crisis. One major cause is the 50% average dropout rate for dogs selected...

  6. Self-harm in laboratory-housed primates: where is the evidence that the Animal Welfare Act amendment has worked?

    Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Durham, D.

    The 1985 amendment to the United States Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to promote psychological well being of primates in the laboratory represents an acknowledgment of an important welfare problem concerning nonhuman animals. How effective has this amendment been? Perhaps the best-known contributor to...

  7. Socialization of a single hand-reared tiger cub

    Contributor(s):: Kelling, A. S., Bashaw, M. J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    Given the drawbacks of hand-rearing nonhuman animals in captivity, the practice is generally avoided, but it is sometimes necessary. A few scientific publications are available to guide managers toward best practices in hand-rearing, but the majority of articles focus on hand-rearing captive...

  8. Some preliminary evidence of the social facilitation of mounting behavior in a juvenile bull Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus )

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study recorded sexual behaviour within a captive herd of 8 Asian elephants in England, UK, for approximately 230 h on 50 days over a period of 10 months (January-November 1999). A single adult and a single juvenile bull mounting cows more than 160 times were observed. When the juvenile bull...

  9. Space use as an indicator of enclosure appropriateness in African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus)

    Contributor(s):: Hunter, S. C., Gusset, M., Miller, L. J., Somers, M. J.

    A clear understanding of space use is required to more fully understand biological requirements of nonhuman animals in zoos, aid the design of exhibits, and maximize the animals' welfare. This study used electivity indexes to assess space use of two packs of African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus) and...

  10. Special welfare concerns in countries dependent on live animal trade: the real foreign animal disease emergency for Canada

    Contributor(s):: Whiting, T. L.

    Any outbreak of an Office International des Epizooties trade-disrupting (previously List-A) disease, such as classical swine fever or foot and mouth disease in a previously disease-free region can have severe consequences for nonhuman animal welfare. In addition to animals destroyed for the...

  11. Stereotypic behaviour of a female Asiatic elephant ( Elephas maximus ) in a zoo

    Contributor(s):: Elzanowski, A., Sergiel, A.

    This study recorded daytime behaviour of a female Asiatic elephant at the Municipal Zoo, Wroclaw, Poland, in both an indoor pen and an outdoor paddock as continuous scan sampling for 140 hr, over 35 days in 1 year. Stereotypic sequences involved bouts of highly repetitive stereotypic movements...

  12. Sterilization of companion animals: exploring the attitudes and behaviors of Latino students in South Texas

    Contributor(s):: Faver, C. A.

    A sample of 131 Latino students attending a university in south Texas near the United States-Mexico border completed a self-administered questionnaire regarding their companion animals (pets). Compared with dog caregivers (owners) (n=106), cat caregivers (n=25) were significantly more likely to...

  13. The effect of the captive environment on activity of captive cotton-top tamarins ( Saguinus oedipus )

    Contributor(s):: Burrell, A. M., Altman, J. D.

    This study examined captive cotton-top tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) behaviour across 3 different exhibits: (a) a rain forest (30.5 m in diameter), where tamarins free-ranged with other species; (b) a caged outdoor exhibit (5 m in diameter); and (c) a caged enclosure, with access indoors (6x9 m) and...

  14. The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )

    Contributor(s):: Shyne, A., Block, M.

    To examine the effects of operant conditioning on stereotypic pacing in 3 female African wild dogs located at the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston, this study made recordings of pacing behavior immediately following individual sessions of husbandry training and 2 no-training conditions. The study...

  15. The effects of implementing a feral cat spay/neuter program in a Florida county animal control service

    Contributor(s):: Hughes, K. L., Slater, M. R., Haller, L.

    In 1995, a county animal control service implemented a feral cat sterilization programme with the goal of reducing the number of healthy cats euthanized, complaints, and the county's costs. The service collected data from a 6-year period both before and after the programme's implementation. The...

  16. The effects of visitor density and intensity on the behavior of two captive jaguars ( Panthera onca )

    Contributor(s):: Sellinger, R. L., Ha, J. C.

    Several researchers have reported significant effects of visitor density and intensity on captive animal behavior. This study determined whether this was the case for 2 captive jaguars housed at the Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle, WA. Subjects were monitored for changes in behavior as a function of...

  17. The legal status of cats in New Zealand: a perspective on the welfare of companion, stray, and feral domestic cats ( Felis catus )

    Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Dye, N. G., Keown, N.

    Pinpointing and safeguarding the welfare status of domestic cats is problematic, especially in New Zealand where cats are introduced predators with significant impact on indigenous fauna. Usually the identification of welfare status depends on conservational, legal, and public attitudes that are...

  18. The lifecycle of the farm pig: a review of Welfare of Pigs from Birth to Slaughter [Book Review]

    Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E.

    A book review of Welfare of pigs from birth to slaughter . Edited by Luigi Faucitano and Allan L. Schaefer. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Wageningen Academic, 2008. 316 pp. ISBN: 9086860664. Hardcover, $127

  19. The need and theoretical basis for exploring wildlife value orientations cross-culturally. (Special issue. Cross-cultural wildlife value orientations)

    Contributor(s):: Teel, T. L., Manfredo, M. J., Stinchfield, H. M.

    Research in the United States suggests wildlife value orientations are changing as part of a broader shift in values. Specifically, a shift from materialist to post-materialist values occurring with modernization is linked to a rise in mutualism orientations, viewing wildlife as capable of...

  20. The use of classical and operant conditioning in training Aldabra tortoises ( Geochelone gigantea ) for venipuncture and other husbandry issues

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Wilson, S.

    A variety of nonhuman animals in zoo and research settings have been the subjects of classical and operant conditioning techniques. Much of the published work has focused on mammals, husbandry training and veterinary issues. However, several zoos are training reptiles and birds for similar...