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  1. Determinants of cat choice and outcomes for adult cats and kittens adopted from an Australian animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Zito, S., Paterson, M., Vankan, D., Morton, J., Bennett, P., Phillips, C.

    The percentage of adult cats euthanized in animal shelters is greater than that of kittens because adult cats are less likely to be adopted. This study aimed to provide evidence to inform the design of strategies to encourage adult cat adoptions. One such strategy is to discount adoption prices,...

  2. Unusual animal behavior preceding the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku, Japan: a way to predict the approach of large earthquakes

    Contributor(s):: Yamauchi, H., Uchiyama, H., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.

    Unusual animal behaviors (UABs) have been observed before large earthquakes (EQs), however, their mechanisms are unclear. While information on UABs has been gathered after many EQs, few studies have focused on the ratio of emerged UABs or specific behaviors prior to EQs. On 11 March 2011, an EQ...

  3. Large dog relinquishment to two municipal facilities in New York City and Washington, D.C.: identifying targets for intervention

    Contributor(s):: Weiss, E., Slater, M., Garrison, L., Drain, N., Dolan, E., Scarlett, J. M., Zawistowski, S. L.

    While the overall trend in euthanasia has been decreasing nationally, large dogs are at a higher risk of euthanasia than other sized dogs in most animal shelters in the United States. We hypothesized one way to increase the lives saved with respect to these large dogs is to keep them home when...

  4. Inroads into equestrian safety: rider-reported factors contributing to horse-related accidents and near misses on Australian roads

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., Matthews, C.

    Horse riding and horse-related interactions are inherently dangerous. When they occur on public roads, the risk profile of equestrian activities is complicated by interactions with other road users. Research has identified speed, proximity, visibility, conspicuity and mutual misunderstanding as...

  5. No pet or their person left behind: increasing the disaster resilience of vulnerable groups through animal attachment, activities and networks

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, K., Every, D., Rainbird, S., Cornell, V., Smith, B., Trigg, J.

    Increased vulnerability to natural disasters has been associated with particular groups in the community. This includes those who are considered de facto vulnerable (children, older people, those with disabilities etc.) and those who own pets (not to mention pets themselves). The potential for...

  6. Zoonotic poxviruses associated with companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Tack, D. M., Reynolds, M. G.

    Understanding the zoonotic risk posed by poxviruses in companion animals is important for protecting both human and animal health. The outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, as well as current reports of cowpox in Europe, point to the fact that companion animals are increasingly serving as...

  7. Jump horse safety: reconciling public debate and Australian thoroughbred jump racing data, 2012-2014

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ruse, K., Davison, A., Bridle, K.

    Thoroughbred jump racing sits in the spotlight of contemporary welfare and ethical debates about horse racing. In Australia, jump racing comprises hurdle and steeplechase races and has ceased in all but two states, Victoria and South Australia. This paper documents the size, geography,...

  8. A cross-sectional study of horse-related injuries in veterinary and animal science students at an Australian university

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riley, C. B., Liddiard, J. R., Thompson, K.

    Specific estimates of the risk of horse-related injury (HRI) to university students enrolled in veterinary and animal sciences have not been reported. This study aimed to determine the risk of student HRI during their university education, the nature and management of such injuries. A...

  9. Health problems and risk factors associated with long haul transport of horses in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Padalino, B., Hall, E., Raidal, S., Celi, P., Knight, P., Jeffcott, L., Muscatello, G.

    Equine transportation is associated with a variety of serious health disorders causing economic losses. However; statistics on horse transport are limited and epidemiological data on transport related diseases are available only for horses transported to abattoirs for slaughter. This study...

  10. Preliminary investigation of food guarding behavior in shelter dogs in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Mohan-Gibbons, H., Weiss, E., Slater, M.

    A survey given to animal shelters across the US reported food bowl guarding as one of the most common reasons for euthanasia and only 34% attempted to modify this guarding behavior. This study identified 96 dogs that guarded their food bowl during an assessment, and then placed them into a home...

  11. RandAgiamo TM, a pilot project increasing adoptability of shelter dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Menchetti, L., Mancini, S., Catalani, M. C., Boccini, B., Diverio, S.

    Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this "no-kill policy" has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates....

  12. Problems associated with the microchip data of stray dogs and cats entering RSPCA Queensland shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Lancaster, E., Rand, J., Collecott, S., Paterson, M.

    A lack of published information documenting problems with the microchip data for the reclaiming of stray animals entering Australian shelters limits improvement of the current microchipping system. A retrospective study analysing admission data for stray, adult dogs ( n=7258) and cats ( n=6950)...

  13. Review of the risks of some canine zoonoses from free-roaming dogs in the post-disaster setting of Latin America

    | Contributor(s):: Garde, E., Acosta-Jamett, G., Bronsvoort, B. M.

    In the absence of humane and sustainable control strategies for free-roaming dogs (FRD) and the lack of effective disaster preparedness planning in developing regions of the world, the occurrence of canine zoonoses is a potentially important yet unrecognized issue. The existence of large...

  14. Risk factors for dog relinquishment to a Los Angeles municipal animal shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolan, E. D., Scotto, J., Slater, M., Weiss, E.

    Dog relinquishment is a large component of shelter intake in the United States. Research has shown traits of the dog are associated with relinquishment as well as general characteristics of those relinquishing. Low income is often cited as a risk factor for relinquishment. The majority of people...

  15. Workplace injuries in Thoroughbred racing: an analysis of insurance payments and injuries amongst jockeys in Australia from 2002 to 2010

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Hitchens, P. L., Otahal, P., Si, Lei, Palmer, A. J.

    Background: There is no comprehensive study of the costs of horse-related workplace injuries to Australian Thoroughbred racing jockeys. Objectives: To analyse the characteristics of insurance payments and horse-related workplace injuries to Australian jockeys during Thoroughbred racing or...

  16. Personalized nutrition and social justice: ethical considerations within four future scenarios applying the perspective of Nussbaum's capabilities approach

    | Contributor(s):: Nordstrom, K., Goossens, J.

    The idea of personalized nutrition (PN) is to give tailored dietary advice based on personal health-related data, i.e. phenotype, genotype, or lifestyle. PN may be seen as part of a general trend towards personalised health care and currently various types of business models are already offering...

  17. Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.

    Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...

  18. How does cat behaviour influence the development and implementation of monitoring techniques and lethal control methods for feral cats?

    | Contributor(s):: Fisher, P., Algar, D., Murphy, E., Johnston, M., Eason, C.

    The need for lethal control of feral cats will remain in some contexts and potentially increase in others, alongside an obligation to develop and apply methods that are as cost-effective, humane and target-specific as possible. Drawing on practices particularly used in Australia, New Zealand and...

  19. Des exploitations intensives d'huitres pendant l'Antiquite et le Moyen Age sur le littoral atlantique francais: l'exemple de Beauvoir-sur-Mer (Vendee)

    | Contributor(s):: Dupont, C., Rouzeau, N.

    Along the European Atlantic facade, the consumption of flat oysters (Ostrea edulis Linnaeus, 1758) has been known since the Mesolithic era (Gutierrez-Zugasti et al. 2011). This observation is also true for French coasts (Dupont 2006). Especially during Antiquity, the exploitation of this species...

  20. A tool for the evaluation of slaughter horse welfare during unloading

    | Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Visser, E. K., Buonanno, M., Ferrari, P., Barnard, S., Borciani, M., Ferri, N.

    This study aimed to develop a scientific and practical tool to be used to assess horse welfare after commercial transport over long journeys. A set of physical, behavioural and environmental measures was selected, covering welfare aspects of both transport and unloading procedures. The protocol...