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  1. A Comparison of Three Holistic Approaches to Health: One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health

    Contributor(s):: Henrik Lerner, Charlotte Berg

    Several holistic and interdisciplinary approaches exist to safeguard health. Three of the most influential concepts at the moment, One Health, EcoHealth, and Planetary Health, are analyzed in this paper, revealing similarities and differences at the theoretical conceptual level. These approaches...

  2. A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray

    During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...

  3. A One Health Evaluation of the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marie C. E. Hanin, Kevin Queenan, Sara Savic, Esron Karimuribo, Simon R. Ruegg, Barbara Hasler

    Rooted in the recognition that emerging infectious diseases occur at the interface of human, animal, and ecosystem health, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) initiative aims to promote a trans-sectoral approach to address better infectious disease risk...

  4. A One Health Evaluation of the University of Copenhagen Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic Resistance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anaïs Léger, Katharina D.C. Stärk, Jonathan Rushton, Liza R. Nielsen

    We applied the evaluation framework developed by the EU COST Action “Network of Evaluation of One Health” (NEOH) to assess the operations, supporting infrastructures and outcomes of a research consortium “University of Copenhagen Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic...

  5. A One Health Research Framework for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Meisser, A., Zinsstag, J.

  6. A Proposal for a Comprehensive Human-Animal Approach of Evaluation for Animal-Assisted Interventions

    | Contributor(s):: Lerner, H.

    Background: An important field of human-animal interactions is animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), which refers to research on human-animal interactions in order to promote or facilitate health or education in humans. Very few studies among the rich literature on AAIs seem to include aspects of...

  7. A Systems Approach to Evaluate One Health Initiatives

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Simon R Ruegg, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Sandra C Buttigieg, Mijalche Santa, Maurizio Aragrande, Massimo Canali, Timothy Ehlinger, Ilias Chantziaras, Elena Boriani, Miroslav Radeski, Mieghan Bruce, Kevin Queenan, Barbara Hasler

    Challenges calling for integrated approaches to health, such as the One Health (OH) approach, typically arise from the intertwined spheres of humans, animals, and ecosystems constituting their environment. Initiatives addressing such wicked problems commonly consist of complex structures and...

  8. Academic Institutions and One Health: Building Capacity for Transdisciplinary Research Approaches to Address Complex Health Issues at the Animal–Human–Ecosystem Interface

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa K. Allen-Scott, Bonnie Buntain, Jennifer M. Hatfield, Andrea Meisser, Chris Thomas

    To improve health at the human, animal, and ecosystem interface, defined as One Health, training of researchers must transcend individual disciplines to develop a new process of collaboration. The transdisciplinary research approach integrates frameworks and methodologies beyond academic...

  9. An evolutionary point of view of animal ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Criscuolo, François, Sueur, Cédric

    The observation that animals may respond to the emotional states of conspecific or even heterospecific individuals is not new. After more than one century, the need to define what exactly non-human animals are able to feel and—from this starting point—rethink the legal status and place of animals...

  10. Animals and the shaping of modern medicine: One health and its histories

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Abigail Woods, Michael Bresalier, Angela Cassidy, Rachel Mason Dentinger

    Part of the Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History book series (MBSMH)

  11. Application of Fraser's "Practical" Ethic in Veterinary Practice, and Its Compatibility with a "One Welfare" Framework

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne Fawcett, Siobhan Mullan, Paul McGreevy

    Ethically challenging situations are common in veterinary practice. Veterinary ethics is considered important by veterinary students, educators, and regulators alike, and may help to reduce stress arising from ethically challenging situations in veterinarians. Ethical frameworks are designed to...

  12. Application of the NEOH Framework for Self-Evaluation of One Health Elements of a Case-Study on Obesity in European Dogs and Dog-Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alberto Munoz-Prieto, Liza R. Nielsen, SIlvia Martinez-Subiela, Jovita Mazeikiene, Pia Lopez-Jornet, Sara Savic, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

    Obesity is a malnutrition disorder of global concern with increasing prevalence driven by underlying societal, economic and environmental mechanisms leading to changed physical activity patterns, eating behaviors and diet compositions in both humans and in their pet-dogs. A questionnaire-based...

  13. Beyond One Health—Zoological Medicine in the Anthropocene

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Walzer

    In contrast to some of the well-established core disciplines of veterinary medicine, such as radiology, surgery, and internal medicine, zoological medicine is often perceived as a relatively recent development. However, as early as 1831, local veterinary practitioner Charles Spooner became the...

  14. Brucellosis Control in Malta and Serbia: A One Health Evaluation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sandra C. Buttigieg, Sara Savic, Daniel Cauchi, Elaine Lautier, Massimo Canali, Maurizio Aragrande

    Brucellosis, also known as “undulant fever” or “Malta fever”, is a zoonotic infection caused by microorganisms belonging to Brucella, a genus of gram-negative coccobacilli that behave as facultative intracellular pathogens of ruminants, swine and other animals....

  15. Changes in human health parameters associated with a touch tank experience at a zoological institution

    | Contributor(s):: Sahrmann, John M., Niedbalski, Amy, Bradshaw, Louise, Johnson, Rebecca, Deem, Sharon L.

  16. Connection between Human and Animal Health

    | Contributor(s):: Catarina Lavrador, Sherry Stine Collawn (editor)

    The strong connection between human and animal health. How far can we go with the One Health approach? The Zoobiquity revelation.

  17. Cost Description and Comparative Cost Efficiency of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis and Canine Mass Vaccination against Rabies in N'Djamena, Chad

    | Contributor(s):: Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag

    Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of...

  18. Crossing institutional boundaries: mapping the policy process for improved control of endemic and neglected zoonoses in sub-Saharan Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Okello, Susan Welburn, James Smith

    The recent adoption of the World Health Assembly Resolution 66.12 for neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in May 2013 is an important turning point for advocacy regarding a number of endemic zoonotic infections, defined by the World Health Organization as the neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs)....

  19. Ecological and Epidemiological Findings Associated with Zoonotic Rabies Outbreaks and Control in Moshi, Tanzania, 2017-2018

    | Contributor(s):: Mtui-Malamsha, N., Sallu, R., Mahiti, G. R., Mohamed, H., OleNeselle, M., Rubegwa, B., Swai, E. S., Makungu, S., Otieno, E. G., Lupindu, A. M., Komba, E., Mdegela, R., Assenga, J. A., Bernard, J., Marandu, W., Warioba, J., Makondo, Z., Chang'a, J., Mramba, F., Nonga, H., Killewo, J., Kafeero, F., Makonnen, Y. J., Rivas, A. L., Fasina, F. O.

  20. Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies

    | Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...