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  1. Back to the Future: A Glance Over Wolf Social Behavior to Understand Dog–Human Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giada Cordoni, Elisabetta Palagi

    This review focuses on wolf sociobiology to delineate the traits of cooperative baggage driven by natural selection (wolf-wolf cooperation) and better understand the changes obtained by artificial selection (dog-human cooperation). We selected some behaviors of the dog’s...

  2. Changes in Tursiops truncatus Distribution and Behavior in the Drowned Cayes, Belize, and Correlation to Human Impacts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jazmin Garcia

    Human interaction greatly influences the behavior and distribution of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). This project focuses on the distribution and behavior of bottlenose dolphins in the Drowned Cayes, Belize. Prior to the 2000s, the area was relatively undeveloped and undisturbed and...

  3. Food habits of coyotes, gray foxes, and bobcats in a coastal southern California urban landscape

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel N. Larson, Dana J. Morin, Izabela A. Wierzbowska, Kevin R. Crooks

    Many carnivores are sensitive to habitat fragmentation, and the capacity to shift diets may improve their ability to persist in urban areas. We collected and identified contents of a total of 119 scats from coyotes (Canis latrans), 58 scats from gray foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), and...

  4. A Delphi Survey and Analysis of Expert Perspectives on One Health in Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Michael Ward, Andrew Wilson, Gwendolyn Gilbert

    One Health (OH) is an interdisciplinary approach aiming to achieve optimal health for humans, animals and their environments. Case reports and systematic reviews of success are emerging; however, discussion of barriers and enablers of cross-sectoral collaboration are rare. A four-phase...

  5. Parental Perception of Changes in Basic Life Needs of Children with Disabilities after Six Months of Therapeutic Horseback Riding: A Qualitative Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robert Lovrić, Nikolina Farčić, Štefica Mikšić, Aleksandra Gvozdanović Debeljak

    Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has a positive effect on the physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning of children with disabilities. Parents’ reports of the effects of THR on their children support professionals in individualizing the THR program. With this qualitative study,...

  6. Socioeconomic Influences on Reports of Canine Welfare Concerns to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) in Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Human–dog relationships are an important contributor to the welfare of dogs, but little is known about the importance of socioeconomic status of the dogs’ owners. We conducted a retrospective study of canine welfare complaints, using Australian government statistics on the...

  7. The Benefits of Animal-Assisted Interventions: Perceptions of Social Workers Working with Veterans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne Thompson

    Evidence-based practices utilized by social workers working with veterans experiencing physical (e.g., spinal cord injuries and loss of limbs) and/or mental health (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, substance use) issues are widely used with this vulnerable population. The number...

  8. Pet Food Quality Assurance and Safety and Quality Assurance Survey within the Costa Rican Pet Food Industry

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Astrid Leiva, Andrea Molina, Mauricio Redondo-Solano, Graciela Artavia, Lizeth Rojas-Bogantes, Fabio Granados-Chinchilla

    Costa Rican animal feed production is continually growing, with approximately 1,238,243 metric tons produced in 2018. Production-wise, pet cat and dog food are in fifth place (about 41,635 metric tons per year) amongst animal feeds, and it supplies up to 90% of the national market. Pet food...

  9. Making Strides Therapeutic Horsemanship, Inc.

    Full-text: Available

    Our Mission is to improve the quality of life and cultivate human potential through equine facilitated therapies and recreation.   What that means for us is providing children and adults of all abilities, challenges and hardships by partnering with Retired Racehorses to provide for a...

  10. Harley's Hope

    Full-text: Available

    Harley’s Hope Foundation was created in the summer of 2010 following the loss of David and Cynthia Bullock’s dog, Harley, to cancer. The Bullocks, who took Harley through several months of chemotherapy in an effort to save her life, realized that many people don’t have the...

  11. Rein Tension in Transitions and Halts during Equestrian Dressage Training

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Agneta Egenvall, Hilary M. Clayton, Marie Eisersiö, Lars Roepstorff, Anna Byström

    In dressage, the performance of transitions between gaits and halts is an integral part of riding sessions. The study aimed to evaluate rein tension before, during and after the transitions between different gaits and the transitions into halts. The kinematic (inertial measurement units) data...

  12. Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie J. Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling

    Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence...

  13. HOPE is a 4-Legged Word: How Service Dogs Can Help Veterans Suffering from Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly Katherine Robinson

    As the rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continues to increase among our veterans returning from the War on Terror, the need for alternative treatment options is becoming more critical. One such alternative is the use of psychiatric service dogs specially trained to assist those...

  14. Behavioral Changes in Dogs With Idiopathic Epilepsy Compared to Other Medical Populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilary Levitin, Devon Wallis Hague, Kelly C. Ballantyne, Laura E. Selmic

    Anxiety related behaviors have been reported in humans diagnosed with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and such traits may be altered depending on seizure phase. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and severity of anxiety related behaviors in dogs with IE compared to other medical...

  15. Can Responsible Ownership Practices Influence Hunting Behavior of Owned Cats?: Results from a Survey of Cat Owners in Chile

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sebastián Escobar-Aguirre, Raúl A. Alegría-Morán, Javiera Calderón-Amor, Tamara A. Tadich

    The domestic cat (Felis catus) has become a worldwide threat to wildlife. The potential impact of owned cats on wildlife in Chile has not been documented at a large scale. The purpose of this study was to investigate the number and type of prey that owned cats bring back in Chile and its...

  16. Preparing The Yucatan Black Howler Monkey for Its Return to The Wild: An Assessment of Wildtracks' Approach to Rehabilitation and Reintroduction

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Blanca Ponce

    Nearly half of non-human primates are in danger of extinction due to the negative impact of anthropogenic activities. Among the species most negatively affected is the family Atelidae (Di Fiore, Link, & Campbell, 2011). For this reason, non-human primates remain a central focus in global...

  17. Animal Welfare and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linda Keeling, Håkan Tunón, Gabriela Olmos Antillón, Charlotte Berg, Mike Jones, Leopoldo Stuardo, Janice Swanson, Anna Wallenbeck, Christoph Winckler, Harry Blokhuis

    This paper systematically evaluates the extent to which achieving the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs) is compatible with improving animal welfare. The analyses were based on discussion and independent scoring in a group of 12 participants with academic backgrounds within agricultural or...

  18. Expression of Myoepithelial Markers in Mammary Carcinomas of 119 Pet Rabbits

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Degner, Heinz-Adolf Schoon, Sebastian Degner, Mathias Baudis, Claudia Schandelmaier, Heike Aupperle-Lellbach, Sandra Schöniger

    Most mammary tumors in pet rabbits are carcinomas; prognostic factors are unknown. The aim of this study on rabbit mammary carcinomas was to determine the expression of myoepithelial markers that have a prognostic relevance in human cancers. Mammary carcinomas (n = 119) of female or...

  19. Mentally ill homeless and companion pets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Salomé Garde

    The present study assessed the relationship between mentally ill homeless and their companion pets and questioned if the pets acted as a barrier for them to receive shelter and other services. The study also sought to find if pets acted as a communication tool between this population and...

  20. Social Interactions in Zoo-Housed Elephants: Factors Affecting Social Relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ellen Williams, Anne Carter, Carol Hall, Samantha Bremner-Harrison

    Elephants have complex social systems that are predominantly driven by ecological factors in situ. Within zoos, elephants are held in relatively static social groups and the factors observed driving social relationships in the wild are largely absent. Little research has investigated the effect...