The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Marx and Alienated Speciesism
Contributor(s):: Foster, John Bellamy, Clark, Brett
Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems
Contributor(s):: Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel
The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...
Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species
Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.
Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
The effects of demographics and pet ownership on attachment towards and opinion about owned and unowned free-roaming cats
Contributor(s):: Melanie Elaine Ramon
A telephone questionnaire was developed to collect information on pet owners, cat ownership patterns, and people's opinions about homeless pets. A 7-day observation log was also developed to gather information about free-roaming cats in Caldwell, TX. The objectives of this research were: (1)...
Shelter-specific occupational stress among employees in animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Schneider, M., Roberts, J.
In the past 10 years a small number of articles have examined the personal and organizational costs associated with euthanasia-related strain among employees in animal shelters. However, there is very little research focusing on a wider range of potential stressors especially without a...
Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao
Contributor(s):: Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.
A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...
Knowledge about the penalties imposed people who mistreat animalsConhecimento sobre as penalidades aplicadas as pessoas que maltratam animais
Contributor(s):: Lima, J. L. A. de, Alves, N. D., Amora, S. S. A., Lima, C. T. A. de, Torres, L. F., Melo, F. da C. S.
A survey was conducted to determine the knowledge level of penalties for animal cruelty in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that 60% of respondents said they knew animals had legislative protection, while 40% were unaware of this. 18% said they knew some animal...
Is genetically modified food unnatural?
Contributor(s):: Siipi, H.
This paper argues for the following four claims: (a) the terms "natural" and "unnatural" are ambiguous. (b) Genetically modified food is unnatural in some senses of the term "unnatural". (c) Natural food should be favored over unnatural food in some senses of the terms "natural" and "unnatural"....
Ethics of dissent: a plea for restraint in the scientific debate about the safety of GM crops
Contributor(s):: Mampuys, R., Brom, F. W. A.
Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified (GM) crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These 'alarming studies' challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified...
Pragmatist philosophical reflections on GMOs
Contributor(s):: Heldke, L.
This essay examines the public debate about the agricultural biotechnologies known as genetically modified organisms, as that debate is being carried out in its most dichotomizing forms in the United States. It attempts to reveal the power of sharply dichotomous thinking, as well as its limits....
Therapy dogs in the courtroom as advocates for child witnesses: An interpretive phenomenological analysis of judges' opinions, experiences, and rulings
Contributor(s):: Bradley, Paula
Pig: a scholarly view
Contributor(s):: Donna Lee Brien, Adele Wessell
In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, the pigs infamously changed the law to read: “some animals are more equal than others” (108). From Charlotte’s Web to Babe, there are a plethora of contemporary cultural references, as well as expressions of their intelligence and worth,...
Are nonhuman animals persons? A process theistic response
Contributor(s):: Dombrowski, D. A.
In this article I defend the claim that nonhuman animals can be persons. In this regard I rely on the thought of neoclassical or process theists like Alfred North Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne. Their moderate stance regarding personhood is in contrast to the influential classical theistic...
Ethical issues concerning the public viewing of media broadcasts of animal cruelty
Contributor(s):: Tiplady, C. M., Walsh, D. B., Phillips, C. J. C.
Undercover filming is a method commonly used by animal activist groups to expose animal cruelty and it is important to consider the effects of publically releasing video footage of cruel practices on the viewers' mental health. Previously, we reported that members of the Australian public were...
His bark is worse than his bite: perceptions and rationalization of canine aggressive behavior
Contributor(s):: Orritt, R., Gross, H., Hogue, T.
Qualitative methods are increasingly used to investigate the complexities of the dog-human relationship. In order to inform a larger study of human dog interaction, a focus group study was carried out to address the question 'How is aggressive behavior in dogs perceived and rationalized by people...
Taking responsibility for cloning: discourses of care and knowledge in biotechnological approaches to nonhuman life
Contributor(s):: Carey, J. L. W.
This article examines the practice of animal cloning in relation to discourses of care and responsibility, in particular a common cultural interpretation of care theorized by Michel Foucault. This interpretation figures care as a "pastoral" relation premised in essential differences between...
Traversing the gap between religion and animal rights: framing and networks as a conceptual bridge
Contributor(s):: Austin, R. L., Flynn, C. P.
Historically, Judeo-Christian doctrine has been used to justify the mistreatment of nonhuman animals through the "dominion" view of human superiority. Linzey and others have questioned this perspective, suggesting that critical tenets of religion, and particularly Christianity, support the...
Captivity for conservation? Zoos at a crossroads
Contributor(s):: Keulartz, J.
This paper illuminates a variety of issues that speak to the question of whether 'captivity for conservation' can be an ethically acceptable goal of the modern zoo. Reflecting on both theoretical disagreements (animal protectionists vs. wildlife conservationists) and practical challenges (the...
Percepcion de los beneficios de la tenencia de animales de compania en personas con orientacion sexual homoerotica y transex
| Contributor(s):: Hugues H, B., Alvarez A, A., Castelo E. C, L., Ledon L, L., Mendoza T, M., Dominguez A, E.
The aim of this study was to become acquainted of the perception of persons with homoerotic sexual preference (HSP) (n=40) and of transsexuals (n=20) regarding pet ownership and its relationship with personal satisfaction and benefits on psicoemotional health. A survey using a questionnaire was...