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  1. Impact of enhanced compared to restricted milk feeding on the behaviour and health of organic dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, Silvia, Preußer, Johanna, Haager, Daniela, Simantke, Christel, Waldherr, Prisca, Kull, Kristina, Utz, Gesa, Knierim, Ute, Winckler, Christoph

  2. A role of Fair Trade certification for environmental sustainability

    Contributor(s):: Makita, R.

    Although most studies on the Fair Trade initiative are, to some extent, cognizant of its contribution to environmental sustainability, what the environmental aspect means to Fair Trade has not yet been explored fully. A review of environmental issues in the Fair Trade literature suggests that...

  3. Freedom of cropping and the good life: political philosophy and the conflict between the organic movement and the biotech industry over cross-contamination

    Contributor(s):: Scott, D.

    This paper begins by describing recent controversies over cross-contamination of crops in the United States and European Union. The EU and US are both applying the principle of freedom of cropping to resolve these conflicts, which is based on an individualistic philosophy. However, despite the EU...

  4. Analysis of the alternative agriculture's seeds market sector: history and development

    Contributor(s):: Barbieri, P., Bocchi, S.

    Alternative agricultural systems, like organic and local agriculture, are becoming increasingly important in Europe to the detriment of conventional methods. As a matter of fact, sustainable agriculture, which started as a niche sector, has been able to conquer a significant share of the European...

  5. Certification standards for aquaculture products: bringing together the values of producers and consumers in globalised organic food markets

    Contributor(s):: Bergleiter, S., Meisch, S.

    From a certifier's perspective (Naturland e.V.), this paper deals with the question of how to bring together the values of producers and consumers in globalized food markets. It is argued that growth and mainstreaming of organic food production cannot be achieved solely by ethically aware...

  6. Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system

    Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.

    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...

  7. Group composition for fattening entire male pigs under enriched housing conditions - influences on behaviour, injuries and boar taint compounds

    Contributor(s):: Holinger, M., Fruh, B., Hillmann, E.

    In organic farming, the production of pork from entire male pigs seems to be the most promising alternative to castration, as organic animal husbandry aims at high standards of animal welfare and elimination of mutilations. However, previous research on behaviour of entire male pigs was mostly...

  8. Cultivating greater well-being: the benefits Thai organic farmers experience from adopting Buddhist eco-spirituality

    Contributor(s):: Kaufman, A. H., Mock, J.

    Organic farming is spreading throughout Asia, including in Thailand. Little is known about whether farmers' values change as they make the shift from conventional farming to organic farming. The benefits farmers perceive from making the shift have also scarcely been studied. We investigated these...

  9. A gender sensitive analysis towards organic agriculture: a structural equation modeling approach

    Contributor(s):: Najafabadi, M. O.

    This study integrates the motivating and challenging elements impacting on the implementation of organic farming practice in Iran. Analysis was based on the results of two surveys; one from organic farmers to determine motivating factors and the other from experts in organic farming to identify...

  10. Between ideals and reality: development and implementation of fairness standards in the organic food sector

    Contributor(s):: Kroger, M., Schafer, M.

    The organic sector is in an ongoing, but somewhat ambiguous, process of differentiation. Continuing growth has also entailed intensified competition and the emergence of conventional structures within the sector. Producers are under pressure to adapt their terms of production to these...

  11. "Loyals" and "optimizers": shedding light on the decision for or against organic agriculture among Swiss farmers

    Contributor(s):: Mann, S., Gairing, M.

  12. Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems

    Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.

  13. Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany

    Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.

  14. Farmers' attitude towards animal welfare aspects and their practice in organic dairy calf rearing: a case study in selected Nordic farms

    Contributor(s):: Vetouli, T., Lund, V., Kaufmann, B.

  15. Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems

    Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.

    The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...

  16. Can natural behavior be cultivated? The farm as local human/animal culture

    Contributor(s):: Segerdahl, P.

    Although the notion of natural behaviour occurs in many policy-making and legal documents on animal welfare, no consensus has been reached concerning its definition. This paper argues that one reason why the notion resists unanimously accepted definition is that natural behaviour is not properly...

  17. Contamination, crop trials, and compatibility. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D.

    This paper examines the ethical and social questions that underlie the present UK discussion whether genetically modified (GM) crops and organic agriculture can coexist within a given region or are mutually exclusive. A European Commission report predicted practical difficulties in achieving...

  18. Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing

    Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...

  19. Does organic farming face distinctive livestock welfare issues? - a conceptual analysis

    Contributor(s):: Alroe, H. F., Vaarst, M., Kristensen, E. S.

    The recent development and growth of organic livestock farming and the related development of national and international regulations has fuelled discussions among scientists and philosophers concerning the proper conceptualization of animal welfare. These discussions on livestock welfare in...

  20. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...