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  1. A role of Fair Trade certification for environmental sustainability

    Contributor(s):: Makita, R.

    Although most studies on the Fair Trade initiative are, to some extent, cognizant of its contribution to environmental sustainability, what the environmental aspect means to Fair Trade has not yet been explored fully. A review of environmental issues in the Fair Trade literature suggests that...

  2. Certification standards for aquaculture products: bringing together the values of producers and consumers in globalised organic food markets

    Contributor(s):: Bergleiter, S., Meisch, S.

    From a certifier's perspective (Naturland e.V.), this paper deals with the question of how to bring together the values of producers and consumers in globalized food markets. It is argued that growth and mainstreaming of organic food production cannot be achieved solely by ethically aware...

  3. Maintaining trust and credibility in a continuously evolving organic food system

    Contributor(s):: Thorsoe, M. H.

    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers' quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility...

  4. Moderating the relationship between price and perceived value of ethical products

    Contributor(s):: Araque-Padilla, R. A., Montero-Simo, M. J., Rivera-Torres, P., Aragon-Gutierrez, C.

    Interest in ethical aspects associated to product acquisition and consumption is a growing trend among consumers. In this context, the concept of "product with ethical attributes" has arisen to refer to products with explicit social and environmental characteristics. However, one of the factors...

  5. Between ideals and reality: development and implementation of fairness standards in the organic food sector

    Contributor(s):: Kroger, M., Schafer, M.

    The organic sector is in an ongoing, but somewhat ambiguous, process of differentiation. Continuing growth has also entailed intensified competition and the emergence of conventional structures within the sector. Producers are under pressure to adapt their terms of production to these...

  6. Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany

    Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.

  7. Milk in the multiple: the making of organic milk in Norway. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Larssaether, S.

    The current article looks into the development of an organic market segment in Norway by following organic milk and the controversies that have emerged in the trail of this morally infused artefact. In particular focus is the reformatting of organic milk around the turn of the millennium and the...

  8. Natural food and the pastoral: a sentimental notion?

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, D. B.

    The term natural is effective in the marketing of a wide variety of foods. This ambiguous term carries important meaning in Western culture. To challenge an uncritical understanding of natural with respect to food and to explore the ambiguity of the term, the development of Western ideas of...

  9. Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and fair trade coffee movements in the global marketplace

    Contributor(s):: Rice, R. A.

    An examination of the philosophies of fair-trade and organic coffee movements reveal that the philosophical underpinnings of both certified organic (CO) and fair-trade (FT) coffee run counter to the historical concerns of coffee production and trade. Data from surveys completed by 15...

  10. Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)

    Contributor(s):: Rocklinsberg, H., Gjerris, M.

    This special issue is a compilation of articles from dispersed research groups and individual PhD students which focus on interdisciplinary works on animal welfare involved in Nordic agri-aquaculture field and food ethics. Topics discussed are: how to consider the value of farm animals in...

  11. The role of livestock production ethics in consumer values towards meat

    Contributor(s):: McEachern, M. G., Schroder, M. J. A.

    This study examines the specific values held by consumers towards organic and conventionally produced meat, with particular reference to moral issues surrounding food animal production. A quota sample of 30 females from both a rural and an urban area of Scotland (UK), were interviewed. Overall,...

  12. The role of the concept of the natural (naturalness) in organic farming

    Contributor(s):: Verhoog, H., Matze, M., Bueren, E. L. van, Baars, T.

    Producers, traders, and consumers of organic food regularly use the concept of the natural (naturalness) to characterize organic agriculture and or organic food, in contrast to the unnaturalness of conventional agriculture. Critics sometimes argue that such use lacks any rational (scientific)...

  13. Strengthening US organic standards on animal health and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Merrigan, K. A., Bailey, M. R., Lockeretz, W.

    Organic livestock production has been increasing in the US, although it still merely constitutes a small fraction of total production. Its success will require detailed standards supported by scientific knowledge and consistent with organic farming principles. However, such standards, mandated...