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  1. Working Smarter Not Harder: Oxytocin Increases Domestic Dogs' (Canis familiaris) Accuracy, but Not Attempts, on an Object Choice Task

    Contributor(s):: Oliva, J. L., Mengoli, M., Mendonca, T., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Bienboire-Frosini, C.

  2. Exploratory Investigation of Infrared Thermography for Measuring Gorilla Emotional Responses to Interactions with Familiar Humans

    Contributor(s):: Heintz, M. R., Fuller, G., Allard, S.

  3. Context and Individual Characteristics Modulate the Association between Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Social Behavior in Border Collies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsolt Rónai, Dóra Koller, Zsófia Virányi

    Recent studies suggest that the relationship between endogenous oxytocin and social affiliative behavior can be critically moderated by contextual and individual factors in humans. While oxytocin has been shown to influence human-directed affiliative behaviors in dogs, no study investigated yet...

  4. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  5. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  6. Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...

  7. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  8. Endogenous Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Aggression in Domestic Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Martin, W. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Gesquiere, L. R., Carter, C. S.

  9. Pet face: Mechanisms underlying human-animal relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Borgi, Marta, Cirulli, Francesca

  10. Affiliation in human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Beetz, Andrea, Bales, Karen, Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  11. Effects of positive and negative human contacts and intranasal oxytocin on cerebrospinal fluid oxytocin

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup

  12. Neurobiological underpinnings of dogs’ human-like social competence: How interactions between stress response systems and oxytocin mediate dogs’ social skills

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips

  13. Effects of Intranasal Oxytocin on Attachment in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thielke, Lauren E.

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin (OT), a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs in an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally and on another OT was administered nasally. Condition...

  14. Emerging Cardiovascular Risk Research: Impact of Pets on Cardiovascular Risk Prevention

    | Contributor(s):: Pamela J. Schreiner

    Animals interact with humans in multiple ways, including as therapy and service animals, commercially as livestock, as wildlife, and in zoos. But the most common interaction is as companion animals in our homes, with an estimated 180 million cats and dogs living in US households. While pet...

  15. Oxytocin blocks pet dog (Canis familiaris) object choice task performance being predicted by owner-perceived intelligence and owner attachment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Lee Oliva, Jean-Loup Rault, Belinda Appleton, Alan Lill

    A positive association has been found between owner-rated dog cognition and owner-perceived closeness to their dog, using the Perceptions of Dog Intelligence and Cognitive Skills (PoDIaCS) survey and the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS). Oxytocin has been positively associated with...

  16. Affiliation in human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Beetz, Andrea, Bales, Karen

  17. Animal-assisted therapy - magic or medicine?

    | Contributor(s):: Odendaal, J. S.

  18. Evolution. Dogs hijack the human bonding pathway

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.

  19. Social evolution. Oxytocin-gaze positive loop and the coevolution of human-dog bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, M., Mitsui, S., En, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M., Sakuma, Y., Onaka, T., Mogi, K., Kikusui, T.

  20. Oxytocin responses after dog and cat interactions depend on pet ownership and may affect interpersonal trust

    | Contributor(s):: Curry, B. A., Donaldson, B., Vercoe, M., Filippo, M., Zaka, P. J.

    Although many of us interact daily with animals, we have lit t le understanding of how this affects our interactions with people. This study assessed the physiological effects of human-animal interactions and tested if this affected interpersonal trust. Participants (N=141) were assigned to play...