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  1. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Buckendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  2. Re-direction of maternal behaviour in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Mandel, Roi, Nicol, Christine J.

    In the milk producing industry, most aspects of maternal behaviour are discouraged, but milk production is actively maintained in the absence of the calf. The process of milk let down, is mediated, at least partly, by oxytocin, which has been shown to play a central role in facilitating maternal...

  3. The effect of a pressure vest on the behaviour, salivary cortisol and urine oxytocin of noise phobic dogs in a controlled test

    Contributor(s):: Pekkin, Anne-Maria, Hänninen, Laura, Tiira, Katriina, Koskela, Aija, Pöytäkangas, Merja, Lohi, Hannes, Valros, Anna

    Fear of loud noises is a common welfare problem in pet dogs. Commercial treatment vests have been tested on dogs to relieve noise phobia, and peripheral oxytocin has been suggested to be one of the stress-relieving mediators. The effect of vests has not, however, been tested in a controlled...

  4. The effect of oxytocin on yawning by dogs (Canis familiaris) exposed to human yawns

    Contributor(s):: Kis, Anna, Tóth, Katinka, Kanizsár, Orsolya, Topál, József

    Previous studies have found that human yawning is contagious to dogs, but the results are still controversial. It is also debated whether contagious yawning is a sign of empathy, and the physiological mechanisms behind this phenomenon are also unknown. Our goal was to further investigate if human...

  5. Effects of Affiliative Human–Animal Interaction on Dog Salivary and Plasma Oxytocin and Vasopressin

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Evan MacLean, Laurence R Gesquiere, Nancy R Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter

    Oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (AVP) are neuropeptides with diverse effects on social behavior, cognition and stress responses. Recent studies suggest that OT facilitates and responds to affiliative forms of human–animal interaction (HAI). However, previous studies measuring OT and AVP in...

  6. Selection of putative indicators of positive emotions triggered by object and social play in mini-pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Marcet Rius, Míriam, Cozzi, Alessandro, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Teruel, Eva, Chabaud, Camille, Monneret, Philippe, Leclercq, Julien, Lafont-Lecuelle, Céline, Pageat, Patrick

    Positive welfare is more than the absence of negative experiences. Nevertheless, there are few feasible animal-based measures for positive welfare. This study aimed to investigate whether object and social play behaviours in pigs, which is believed to trigger positive emotions, is linked to...

  7. Working Smarter Not Harder: Oxytocin Increases Domestic Dogs' (Canis familiaris) Accuracy, but Not Attempts, on an Object Choice Task

    | Contributor(s):: Oliva, J. L., Mengoli, M., Mendonca, T., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Bienboire-Frosini, C.

  8. Exploratory Investigation of Infrared Thermography for Measuring Gorilla Emotional Responses to Interactions with Familiar Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heintz, M. R., Fuller, G., Allard, S.

  9. Context and Individual Characteristics Modulate the Association between Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Social Behavior in Border Collies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsolt Rónai, Dóra Koller, Zsófia Virányi

    Recent studies suggest that the relationship between endogenous oxytocin and social affiliative behavior can be critically moderated by contextual and individual factors in humans. While oxytocin has been shown to influence human-directed affiliative behaviors in dogs, no study investigated yet...

  10. Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin

    We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...

  11. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  12. Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...

  13. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  14. Endogenous Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and Aggression in Domestic Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Martin, W. L., Gruen, M. E., Sherman, B. L., Gesquiere, L. R., Carter, C. S.

  15. Validation of salivary oxytocin and vasopressin as biomarkers in domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Gesquiere, L. R., Nancy Gee, Kerinne Levy, W Lance Martin, C Sue Carter

  16. Pet face: Mechanisms underlying human-animal relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Borgi, Marta, Cirulli, Francesca

  17. Affiliation in human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Beetz, Andrea, Bales, Karen, Freund, Lisa S., McCune, Sandra, Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  18. Effects of positive and negative human contacts and intranasal oxytocin on cerebrospinal fluid oxytocin

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup

  19. Neurobiological underpinnings of dogs’ human-like social competence: How interactions between stress response systems and oxytocin mediate dogs’ social skills

    | Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips

  20. Effects of Intranasal Oxytocin on Attachment in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Thielke, Lauren E.

    The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin (OT), a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs in an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally and on another OT was administered nasally. Condition...