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  1. Exploring women's oxytocin responses to interactions with their pet cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johnson, E. A., Portillo, A., Bennett, N. E., Gray, P. B.

    BACKGROUND: Extensive research has evaluated the involvement of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) in human social behaviors, including parent-infant relationships. Studies have investigated OT's connection to human attachment to nonhuman animals, with the majority of the literature focusing on...

  2. Understanding Therapy Dogs: The Underlying Components of Their Relationship with Owners, Their Physiology, and How They Compare to Pet and Service Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Cunningham, Kristen M.

  3. Canine-Assisted Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Kim, Stacy J.

  4. The Role of Oxytocin in the Dog–Owner Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Marshall-Pescini, Franka S. Schaebs, Alina Gaugg, Anne Meinert, Tobias Deschner, Friederike Range

    Oxytocin (OT) is involved in multiple social bonds, from attachment between parents and offspring to “friendships”. Dogs are an interesting species in which to investigate the link between the oxytocinergic system and social bonds since they establish preferential bonds with their...

  5. A survey of sow management at farrowing in the UK

    | Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Jarvis, S., Rutherford, K. M. D.

  6. Changes of Oxytocin and Serotonin Values in Dialysis Patients after Animal Assisted Activities (AAAs) with a Dog—A Preliminary Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lucia Francesca Menna, Antonio Santaniello, Alessia Amato, Giuseppe Ceparano, Annamaria Di Maggio, Mario Sansone, Pietro Formisano, Ilaria Cimmino, Giuseppe Perruolo, Alessandro Fioretti

    Our study aimed to measure the levels of serotonin and oxytocin in patients affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD), undergoing dialysis and participating in a program of animal-assisted activities (AAAs) with a dog. Ten patients with comparable levels of ESRD were enrolled. A blood sample...

  7. The Health Benefits of Visiting a Zoo, Park, and Aquarium for Older Japanese

    | Contributor(s):: Akiyama, Junko, Sakagami, Taketo, Uchiyama, Hidehiko, Ohta, Mitsuaki

  8. Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Lürzel, S., Bückendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.

  9. Bringing human-animal interaction to sport: Potential impacts on athletic performance

    | Contributor(s):: Marvin, S., Sorenson, K., Stevens, J. R.

  10. The Impact of a 20-Minute Animal-Assisted Activity Session on the Physiological and Emotional States in Patients With Fibromyalgia

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, S., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B., Mohabbat, A. B.

  11. Animal-Assisted Therapy for Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: An Investigation on the Positive Effects of Attachment and Affiliation Behaviors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Miele

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops in people who have experienced a traumatic event (nimh.nih.gov, 2016). Because PTSD is a chronic disorder, it is associated with impaired quality of life (Stern et al., 2013). A specific population at high risk for developing PTSD is military...

  12. Canine Endogenous Oxytocin Responses to Dog-Walking and Affiliative Human–Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Adrian Bauman, Adam J. Guastella, Bradley Drayton, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul McGreevy

    Several studies suggest human–dog interactions elicit a positive effect on canine oxytocin concentrations. However, empirical investigations are scant and the joint influence of human–dog interaction and physical activity remains unexplored. The aims of the current study were to (a)...

  13. Ocitocina sérica e comportamento afetivo de cães na interação com crianças e adultos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luelyn Jockyman

    A ocitocina tem sido usada como parâmetro para medir os laços sociais em animais. Recentemente foi demonstrado que a concentração de ocitocina aumenta em cães e donos quando interagem positivamente e, possivelmente, que na interação com...

  14. Effects Of Vicarious Equine Interaction On Anxiety And Neuromodulators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jane Camille Gray

    Human-animal interaction influences the release of neuromodulators, such as cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine (Beetz, Uvnäs-Moberg, Julius, & Kotrschal, 2012). No data could be located in the literature to establish a neuromodulating effect of Vicarious Equine Interaction (VEI)...

  15. Effects of Short-Distance Recreational Mushing on Oxytocin, Gastrin, and Creatinine Kinase in Sled Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Leggieri, Leonardo Ramón, Marozzi, Antonela, Panebianco, Antonella, Gregorio, Pablo, Carmanchahi, Pablo

    A considerable increase in creatinine kinase (CK) activity and gastrin hormone due to exercise has been observed in sled dogs during endurance mushing races; however, there have been no studies on sled dogs during recreational mushing. Although oxytocin hormone is involved in social behaviors and...

  16. Effects of Human–Dog Interactions on Salivary Oxytocin Concentrations and Heart Rate Variability: A Four-Condition Cross-Over Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, Lauren, Edwards, Kate M., Michael, Scott, McGreevy, Paul, Bauman, Adrian, Guastella, Adam J., Drayton, Bradley, Stamatakis, Emmanuel

    Dog ownership is often advocated for its potential benefits to human health, with changes to oxytocin and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity proposed as possible underlying mechanisms. The aims of the current study were to a) examine the effect of two common types of human–dog interactions...

  17. Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows

    | Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna

    The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...

  18. Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: Prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Mack, Laurie A., Carter, C. Sue, Garner, Joseph P., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N., Richert, Brian T., Lay, Donald C.

    Developmental changes in response to prenatal stressors (PNS) can result in anxiety and abnormal social development in the offspring. Oxytocin (OT) reduces anxiety, whereas OT deficiencies are associated with social behaviour deficits. Hence, we hypothesized that OT could reverse some of the PNS...

  19. Nest-building in sows: Effects of farrowing housing on hormonal modulation of maternal characteristics

    | Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Vienola, Kirsi, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna

    Prepartum nesting opportunities may improve maternal characteristics and welfare of sows during parturition and lactation. We investigated the effects of provision of space and nesting material prior to parturition on circulating oxytocin concentrations, maternal characteristics and their...

  20. Effects of Stroking on Salivary Oxytocin and Cortisol in Guide Dogs: Preliminary Results

    | Contributor(s):: Ogi, A., Mariti, C., Baragli, P., Sergi, V., Gazzano, A.

    This pilot study aimed at investigating how salivary oxytocin levels are affected by human interaction and isolation in eight guide dogs (six Labrador retrievers and two golden retrievers; four males and four females, 21.87 +/- 1.36 months old) just before assignment to the blind person. Each dog...