Serum Oxytocin, Cortisol and Social Behavior in Calves: A Study in the Impossible Task Paradigm
| Contributor(s):: Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Mastellone, V., Iommelli, P., Musco, N., Pero, M. E., Di Lucrezia, A., Lotito, D., Tudisco, R., D'Aniello, B., Infascelli, F., Lombardi, P.
In this study, we explored the correlations between circulating levels of oxytocin, cortisol, and different social behaviors toward humans in 26 Italian Red Pied calves (all females, with an average age of 174 ± 24 days) using the impossible task paradigm. This paradigm has proved fruitful...
Effects of contact with a dog on prefrontal brain activity: A controlled trial
| Contributor(s):: Marti, Rahel, Petignat, Milena, Marcar, Valentine L., Hattendorf, Jan, Wolf, Martin, Hund-Georgiadis, Margret, Hediger, Karin
Background There is a broad range of known effects of animal contact on human mental and physical health. Neurological correlates of human interaction with animals have been sparsely investigated. We investigated changes in frontal brain activity in the presence of and during contact with a...
Sociality of Cats toward Humans Can Be Influenced by Hormonal and Socio-Environmental Factors: Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Koyasu, Hikari, Takahashi, Hironobu, Sasao, Ikuto, Takagi, Saho, Nagasawa, Miho, Kikusui, Takefumi
Individual differences in the sociality of cats are influenced by inherited and environmental factors. We recently revealed that hormones can make a difference in intraspecies social behavior. It remains unclear whether cat behavior toward humans is modulated by hormones. Therefore, we analyzed...
Acute changes in oxytocin predict behavioral responses to foundation training in horses
| Contributor(s):: Niittynen, Taru, Riihonen, Veera, Moscovice, Liza R., Koski, Sonja E.
Bringing human-animal interaction to sport: Potential impacts on athletic performance
| Contributor(s):: Marvin, S., Sorenson, K., Stevens, J. R.
Intranasal oxytocin studies on dogs might not be double-blind
| Contributor(s):: Kis, Anna, Bolló, Henrietta, Gergely, Anna, Topál, József
The Importance of Evaluating Positive Welfare Characteristics and Temperament in Working Therapy Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Miller, S. L., Serpell, J. A., Dalton, K. R., Waite, K. B., Morris, D. O., Redding, L. E., Dreschel, N. A., Davis, M. F.
To date, investigations of the welfare of therapy dogs have focused largely on examining physiological and behavioral measures that could indicate if the animal is experiencing stress or distress. However, this approach does not fully address the definition of welfare which is often described as...
Salivary Vasopressin as a Potential Non–Invasive Biomarker of Anxiety in Dogs Diagnosed with Separation–Related Problems
| Contributor(s):: Federica Pirrone, Ludovica Pierantoni, Andrea Bossetti, Stefania Uccheddu, Mariangela Albertini
Physiological biomarkers of canine anxiety have not been extensively investigated to date. To identify new biomarkers in dogs, we compared behaviorally normal dogs (Control group, N = 13) to dogs diagnosed with separation problems (Case group, N = 13) as they were introduced into a novel...
Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm
| Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.
This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...
The urinary hormonal state of cats associated with social interaction with humans
| Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, T., Ohta, M., Uchiyama, H.
Research to assess the relationship between cats and humans is in a nascent stage. Some studies have assessed the stress status in cats using physiological indicators, such as the cortisol hormone, but have not focused on the social interaction with humans. Moreover, the role of oxytocin...
Exploring women's oxytocin responses to interactions with their pet cats
| Contributor(s):: Johnson, E. A., Portillo, A., Bennett, N. E., Gray, P. B.
BACKGROUND: Extensive research has evaluated the involvement of the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) in human social behaviors, including parent-infant relationships. Studies have investigated OT's connection to human attachment to nonhuman animals, with the majority of the literature focusing on...
Understanding Therapy Dogs: The Underlying Components of Their Relationship with Owners, Their Physiology, and How They Compare to Pet and Service Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Cunningham, Kristen M.
Canine-Assisted Therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder
| Contributor(s):: Kim, Stacy J.
Neurohormonal Profiles of Assistance Dogs Compared to Pet Dogs: What Is the Impact of Different Lifestyles?
| Contributor(s):: Mengoli, M., Oliva, J. L., Mendonça, T., Chabaud, C., Arroub, S., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., Bienboire-Frosini, C.
Assistance dogs must manage stress efficiently because they are involved in challenging tasks. Their welfare is currently a fundamental issue. This preliminary study aimed to compare assistance dogs (AD; n = 22) with pet dogs (PD; n = 24), using blood neuromodulator indicators to help find...
The Role of Oxytocin in the Dog–Owner Relationship
| Contributor(s):: Sarah Marshall-Pescini, Franka S. Schaebs, Alina Gaugg, Anne Meinert, Tobias Deschner, Friederike Range
Oxytocin (OT) is involved in multiple social bonds, from attachment between parents and offspring to “friendships”. Dogs are an interesting species in which to investigate the link between the oxytocinergic system and social bonds since they establish preferential bonds with their...
A survey of sow management at farrowing in the UK
| Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Jarvis, S., Rutherford, K. M. D.
Changes of Oxytocin and Serotonin Values in Dialysis Patients after Animal Assisted Activities (AAAs) with a Dog—A Preliminary Study
| Contributor(s):: Lucia Francesca Menna, Antonio Santaniello, Alessia Amato, Giuseppe Ceparano, Annamaria Di Maggio, Mario Sansone, Pietro Formisano, Ilaria Cimmino, Giuseppe Perruolo, Alessandro Fioretti
Our study aimed to measure the levels of serotonin and oxytocin in patients affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD), undergoing dialysis and participating in a program of animal-assisted activities (AAAs) with a dog. Ten patients with comparable levels of ESRD were enrolled. A blood sample...
The Health Benefits of Visiting a Zoo, Park, and Aquarium for Older Japanese
| Contributor(s):: Akiyama, Junko, Sakagami, Taketo, Uchiyama, Hidehiko, Ohta, Mitsuaki
Salivary oxytocin in pigs, cattle, and goats during positive human-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Lürzel, S., Bückendorf, L., Waiblinger, S., Rault, J. L.
The Impact of a 20-Minute Animal-Assisted Activity Session on the Physiological and Emotional States in Patients With Fibromyalgia
| Contributor(s):: Clark, S., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B., Mohabbat, A. B.