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  1. Canine visitation (pet) therapy: pilot data on decreases in child pain perception

    Contributor(s):: Sobo, E. J., Eng, B., Kassity-Krich, N.

  2. Carbon dioxide for euthanasia: concerns regarding pain and distress, with special reference to mice and rats

    Contributor(s):: Conlee, K. M., Stephens, M. L., Rowan, A. N., King, L. A.

  3. Commentary on "canine visitation (pet) therapy: pilot data on decreases in child pain perception"

    Contributor(s):: Robbins, L. K.

  4. Current issues in fish welfare

    Contributor(s):: Huntingford, F. A., Adams, C., Braithwaite, V. A., Kadri, S., Pottinger, T. G., Sandoe, P., Turnbull, J. F.

    This article presents a broad overview of the current understanding of a number of issues relating to the welfare of cultured and wild fish. Relationships between science, ethics and welfare; the perception of fear and pain; the costs and benefits of human interactions with fishes; natural...

  5. Knowledge about animal suffering is too rarely used

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.

  6. Pain and distress in research animals: a panel of experts debates the issues

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, B. T., Conlee, K. M., Rollin, B. E., Rowan, A. N., Short, C. E., Toth, L. A., Wolfle, T. L.

  7. The concept of farm animal welfare: citizen perceptions and stakeholder opinion in Flanders, Belgium

    | Contributor(s):: Vanhonacker, F., Verbeke, W., Poucke, E. van, Pieniak, Z., Nijs, G., Tuyttens, F.

    Several attempts to conceptualize farm animal welfare have been criticized for diverging reasons, among them often the failure to incorporate the public concern and opinion. This paper's objective is to develop a conception of farm animal welfare that starts from the public's perception...

  8. The ethics and politics of animal welfare in New Zealand: broiler chicken production as a case study

    | Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on...

  9. Creating a therapeutic and healing environment with a pet therapy program

    | Contributor(s):: Coakley, A. B., Mahoney, E. K.

  10. Nociception-related somatosensory evoked potentials in awake dogs recorded after intra epidermal electrical stimulation

    | Contributor(s):: van Oostrom, Hugo, Stienen, Peter J., Doornenbal, Arie, Hellebrekers, Ludo J.

  11. A laser-based method for measuring thermal nociception of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Rushen, J., Colwell, D., Passille, A. M. de

    A method is described for measuring nociception in cattle using a CO2 laser aimed at the caudal aspect of the metatarsi. Four experiments were performed, involving 60 Holstein calves. In Experiment 1, infrared thermography showed that calves responded by lifting their legs when skin...

  12. Assessment of acute pain experienced by piglets from ear tagging, ear notching and intraperitoneal injectable transponders

    | Contributor(s):: Leslie, E., Hernandez-Jover, M., Newman, R., Holyoake, P.

    Suckling piglets are routinely identified to assist with their day-to-day management. A total of 120 suckling piglets were used to determine and compare the short-term pain responses to a number of identification methodologies, including: ear notching, ear tagging and intraperitoneal injection...

  13. Behavioural responses of juvenile steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: developing an assessment of post-operative pain

    | Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Horning, M., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Marking and tracking of marine mammals is required to gain a better understanding of life history traits; however, some marking procedures used are likely painful. Recent technological advances include intra-abdominally implanted archival telemetry devices for the life-long monitoring of...

  14. Behavioural responses of piglets to castration: the effect of piglet age

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, A. A., Weary, D. M., Lessard, M., Braithwaite, L.

    It has long been assumed that neonatal animals are less sensitive than older animals to pain, and this reasoning has been used to recommend that routine surgical procedures be performed at an early age. In this study we tested if vocal and other behavioural responses to castration increase with...

  15. Effect of caustic paste disbudding, using local anaesthesia with and without analgesia, on behaviour and cortisol of calves

    | Contributor(s):: Stilwell, G., Carvalho, R. C. de, Lima, M. S., Broom, D. M.

    We looked at the effects of local anaesthesia with or without a non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory analgesic drug (flunixin-meglumine) on behaviour and plasma cortisol after caustic paste disbudding of 1-month-old calves: at 15 min, 1, 3, 6 and 24 h (Experiment 1; n=32); at 10, 30 and 50 min...

  16. Effects of an oral dose of acetyl salicylate at tail docking on the behaviour of lambs aged three to six weeks

    | Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Roos, V., Littlejohn, R. P.

    To investigate a practical method of providing analgesia for docking of lambs' tails, the effectiveness of an oral dose of aspirin (acetyl salicylate) in reducing discomfort behaviour immediately following application of elastrator rings, was evaluated. The study, conducted in New Zealand,...

  17. Effects of feed- and water-based enrichment on activity and cannibalism in Muscovy ducklings

    | Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Mench, J. A.

    Cannibalism is a major problem for commercial production of Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata). Surprisingly little is known about the ontogeny of cannibalism in ducks or how to reduce/prevent the problem in a welfare-friendly way. The preventative method typically used by the industry is...

  18. Identification of potential physiological and behavioral indicators of postoperative pain in horses after exploratory celiotomy for colic

    | Contributor(s):: Pritchett, L. C., Ulibarri, C., Roberts, M. C., Schneider, R. K., Sellon, D. C.

    Physiological and behavioral parameters were determined in 27 horses to identify potential indicators of postoperative pain following exploratory celiotomy for colic. Experimental groups were 10 horses that received no treatment (Control), 10 horses anesthetized for a non-painful procedure...

  19. Investigations on genetic disease resistance in swine - a contribution to the reduction of pain, suffering and damage in farm animals.

    | Contributor(s):: Reiner, G.

    This review deals with genetic disease resistance in pigs as a prospective opportunity to reduce pain, suffering and damage in swine production. Even under favourable terms of housing and management, infectious diseases are wide-spread, and have to be ranked among the major sources for suffering...

  20. Observer ratings: validity and value as a tool for animal welfare research

    | Contributor(s):: Meagher, R. K.

    Ratings by human observers have long been used by animal scientists and veterinarians to assess certain physical traits (e.g. body fat), and can also be applied to the assessment of behaviour and a variety of welfare-relevant variables (e.g. pain responsiveness, alopecia/barbering). Observer...