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  1. A first description of the physiological and behavioural responses to disbudding in goat kids

    Contributor(s):: Alvarez, L., Gutierrez, J.

    In order to determine the stress response to disbudding, physiological and behavioural response was investigated in disbudded kids and compared with a control group. Disbudded kids (n=14), were disbudded by thermal cauterisation, and control kids (n=15) received the same management without being...

  2. A preliminary study of behaviour-based indicators of pain in cats

    Contributor(s):: Waran, N., Best, L., Williams, V., Salinsky, J., Dale, A., Clarke, N.

    The aim of this preliminary study was to identify key behavioural indicators of pain in cats. The behaviour of cats before and after ovariohysterectomy was analysed using a detailed behavioural ethogram. A comparison of behaviours between cats given pre-operative analgesia only and cats given...

  3. A review of the welfare consequences of surgical castration in piglets and the evaluation of non-surgical methods

    Contributor(s):: Prunier, A., Bonneau, M., Borell, E. H. von, Cinotti, S., Gunn, M., Fredriksen, B., Giersing, M., Morton, D. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Velarde, A.

  4. Assessing pain in animals

    Contributor(s):: Rutherford, K. M. D.

  5. Assessment of acute pain experienced by piglets from ear tagging, ear notching and intraperitoneal injectable transponders

    Contributor(s):: Leslie, E., Hernandez-Jover, M., Newman, R., Holyoake, P.

    Suckling piglets are routinely identified to assist with their day-to-day management. A total of 120 suckling piglets were used to determine and compare the short-term pain responses to a number of identification methodologies, including: ear notching, ear tagging and intraperitoneal injection...

  6. Behavior after ovariohysterectomy in the dog: what's normal?

    Contributor(s):: Hardie, E. M., Hansen, B. D., Carroll, G. S.

    Twenty dogs were anaesthetized, but did not undergo surgery (control group). 22 dogs underwent laparotomy and ovariohysterectomy (surgery group). Dogs in the control and surgery groups were further assigned on a random basis to either oxymorphone or placebo groups (group O or P). Dogs in group O...

  7. Behavioural responses of juvenile steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: developing an assessment of post-operative pain

    Contributor(s):: Walker, K. A., Horning, M., Mellish, J. A. E., Weary, D. M.

    Marking and tracking of marine mammals is required to gain a better understanding of life history traits; however, some marking procedures used are likely painful. Recent technological advances include intra-abdominally implanted archival telemetry devices for the life-long monitoring of...

  8. Burdizzo castration of calves less than 1-week old with and without local anaesthesia: short-term behavioural responses and plasma cortisol levels

    Contributor(s):: Boesch, D., Steiner, A., Gygax, L., Stauffacher, M.

    Castration of calves over 3 weeks of age is considered a painful procedure. It is less clear whether and how much pain is caused by this procedure in very young calves. The aim of the present study was to determine the short-term pain response of 30 calves less than 1-week of age to Burdizzo...

  9. Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany

    Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.

  10. Development of the short-form Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS-SF) and derivation of an analgesic intervention score

    Contributor(s):: Reid, J., Nolan, A. M., Hughes, J. M. L., Lascelles, D., Pawson, P., Scott, E. M.

    The Glasgow Composite Measure Pain Scale (CMPS) for dogs suffering acute pain, developed using psychometric methodology, measures pain to a level of precision suitable for clinical trials. However, for routine clinical use, where the emphasis is on speed, ease of use, and guidance for analgesia...

  11. Effect of caustic paste disbudding, using local anaesthesia with and without analgesia, on behaviour and cortisol of calves

    Contributor(s):: Stilwell, G., Carvalho, R. C. de, Lima, M. S., Broom, D. M.

    We looked at the effects of local anaesthesia with or without a non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory analgesic drug (flunixin-meglumine) on behaviour and plasma cortisol after caustic paste disbudding of 1-month-old calves: at 15 min, 1, 3, 6 and 24 h (Experiment 1; n=32); at 10, 30 and 50 min...

  12. Effects of an oral dose of acetyl salicylate at tail docking on the behaviour of lambs aged three to six weeks

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Roos, V., Littlejohn, R. P.

    To investigate a practical method of providing analgesia for docking of lambs' tails, the effectiveness of an oral dose of aspirin (acetyl salicylate) in reducing discomfort behaviour immediately following application of elastrator rings, was evaluated. The study, conducted in New Zealand,...

  13. Effects of mulesing and alternative procedures to mulesing on the behaviour and physiology of lambs

    Contributor(s):: Hemsworth, P. H., Barnett, J. L., Karlen, G. M., Fisher, A. D., Butler, K. L., Arnold, N. A.

    Mulesing involves the surgical removal of skin adjacent to the perineum and tail without anaesthesia or analgesia in lambs. This procedure was developed to reduce the risk of flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) around the perineum. Alternative interventions to mulesing have historically been...

  14. Fundamentals of pain perception in animals

    Contributor(s):: Short, C. E.

  15. Our pets: rethinking the way we say goodbye: Jackie Campbell at TEDxSouthBank

    Contributor(s):: Jackie Campbell

    Dr Jackie Campbell is a palliative care veterinarian, providing support and pain relief for our fluffy and furry family members in times of need. In this talk, Jackie shares how she works to help families better navigate the challenges of end of life decision making for our pets. Dr Jackie...

  16. Pain and anxiety behaviors of dogs during intravenous catheterization after premedication with placebo, acepromazine or oxymorphone

    Contributor(s):: Light, G. S., Hardie, E. M., Young, M. S., Hellyer, P. W., Brownie, C., Hansen, B. D.

    Thirteen dog behaviours (struggling, rigid shivering, wide-eyed facial expression, vocalization, biting, limb withdrawal, orientating, breath holding, panting, hiding, salivation and activity requiring muzzling) were given a scale from 0 (absent) to 4 (present to a great extent) by teams of 3...

  17. Pain and stress in crustaceans? (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Elwood, R. W., Barr, S., Patterson, L.

    We consider evidence that crustaceans might experience pain and stress in ways that are analogous to those of vertebrates. Various criteria are applied that might indicate a potential for pain experience: (1) a suitable central nervous system and receptors, (2) avoidance learning, (3) protective...

  18. Pain control in small-animal patients

    Contributor(s):: Sawyer, D. C.

  19. Pain detection and amelioration in animals on the farm: issues and options

    Contributor(s):: Anil, L., Anil, S. S., Deen, J.

    Pain in nonhuman animals is a difficult concept to identify and measure. This article briefly describes the consequences of pain in animals on the farm and explains the reasons for the minimal use of analgesics in farmed animals. Pain can have implications for both animal welfare and economics....

  20. Pain in birds

    Contributor(s):: Gentle, M. J.

    The physiology of pain, pain receptors, behavioural and physiological responses to pain, pain following trauma (including beak amputation), and analgesia in birds are reviewed.