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  1. Short Communication: Open Access Ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria: brief communication for 'One Health' approach to control of potential zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: M.O. Elom, N.N. Obeji, A. Nworie, V. Usanga

    Background: Cats and dogs are important companion animals that paradoxically pose risks of zoonotic infections to their owners. This study determined the ectoparasitic infestations of cats and dogs in a semi-rural setting of Ebonyi State, so as to establish the prevalence of the ectoparasites...

  2. Prevalence and risk factors associated with cat parasites in Italy: a multicenter study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Genchi, M., Vismarra, A., Zanet, S., Morelli, S., Galuppi, R., Cringoli, G., Lia, R., Diaferia, M., Frangipane di Regalbono, A., Venegoni, G., Solari Basano, F., Varcasia, A., Perrucci, S., Musella, V., Brianti, E., Gazzonis, A., Drigo, M., Colombo, L., Kramer, L.

    BACKGROUND: Parasites that infect cats include protozoa, helminths and arthropods, many of which are transmissible to humans. Effective control relies on a good knowledge of parasite distribution and the risk factors for infection. The present study was aimed at evaluating the prevalence of...

  3. Intestinal parasites and risk factors in dogs and cats from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Arruda, I. F., Ramos, R. C. F., Barbosa, A. da S., Abboud, L. C. de S., Reis, I. C. dos, Millar, P. R., Amendoeira, M. R. R.

  4. Skin diseases of different etiology in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Stolbova, O. A.

  5. Toxoplasma gondii in domiciled dogs and cats in urban areas of Brazil: risk factors and spatial distribution

    | Contributor(s):: Arruda, I. F., Millar, P. R., Barbosa, A. da S., Abboud, L. C. de S., Reis, I. C. dos, Moreira, A. S. da C., Guimaraes, M. P. de P., Amendoeira, M. R. R.

  6. What is the relationship between level of infection and ‘sickness behaviour’ in cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Szyszka, Ollie, Kyriazakis, Ilias

    We hypothesised that a range of parasite doses that cause subclinical disease would lead to similar behavioural changes in cattle. This was tested by infecting bull calves with one of four different doses of the gastrointestinal parasite Ostertagia ostertagi: 0 (control), 75,000 (L), 150,000 (M)...

  7. Endoparasite infection hotspots in Estonian urban areas

    | Contributor(s):: Tull, A., Moks, E., Laurimaa, L., Keis, M., Suld, K.

  8. Use of a mechanical brush by dairy cows with chorioptic mange

    | Contributor(s):: Moncada, Ana C., Neave, Heather W., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., Weary, Daniel M.

    Mechanical brushes allow cows to groom. Mange is common in indoor-housed cattle, and this affliction may affect cow motivation to use a mechanical brush. The aim of this study was to assess changes in dairy cow motivation to use a brush in relation to signs of mange, and before and after the...

  9. Behavioural assessment of sheep is sensitive to level of gastrointestinal parasite infection

    | Contributor(s):: Grant, Emily P., Wickham, Sarah L., Anderson, Fiona, Barnes, Anne L., Fleming, Patricia A., Miller, David W.

    Qualitative behavioural assessment (QBA) was applied to investigate the expressive behaviour of sheep with varying intestinal parasite burdens over two experiments. The expressive behaviour of sheep naturally infected with intestinal parasites was assessed from video footage collected in the...

  10. What's in it for the animals? Symbiotically considering 'therapeutic' human-animal relations within spaces and practices of care farming

    | Contributor(s):: Gorman, R.

  11. Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp

    Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing...

  12. Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube

    Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...

  13. White Blood Cell Counts, Parasite Prevalence, and Plasma Cortisol Levels of Dogs in a County Animal Shelter: Changes over Days and Impact of a Program of Repeated Human Interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Emily S. Dudley

    Animal shelter housing is highly stressful for a dog, compromising welfare and leading to undesirable behaviors and unknown health consequences. We documented the changes in circulating numbers of white blood cells, plasma cortisol, and fecal parasite shedding of dogs housed for 10 days at a...

  14. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  15. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  16. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    | Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  17. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    | Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  18. Forming an end of life hospice/Pawspice service

    | Contributor(s):: Villalobos, A. E.

    Practitioners who support the human-animal bond can organize a team to provide end of life hospice/'Pawspice' care services in their hospitals. Selected staff can acquire communication skills needed to deal with end of life care issues. Pawspice carers often express worry, disappointment, fear,...

  19. Paleopathology: health and welfare of animals in the pastPaleopathologie: gezondheid en welzijn van dieren in het verleden

    | Contributor(s):: Groot, M.

    This paper presents a short introduction to the field of palaeopathology, which can be studied from either a historical veterinary perspective or a zooarchaeological perspective. Zooarchaeologists are concerned with studying past human behaviour through animal remains found in archaeological...

  20. Gastrointestinal parasite risk in dog parks in the Lisbon area

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Maria Nogueira Ferreira

    Dog parks may pose a risk for the transmission of parasitic zoonotic agents via the faeces and soil contact. This is the first study to investigate gastrointestinal infections in park-attending dogs in Lisbon. The research was carried out under the frame of a field study including both...