Assessing dairy cow welfare at the beginning and end of the indoor period using the Welfare Quality (R) protocol
Contributor(s):: de Graaf, S., Ampe, B., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
Validation of scan sampling techniques for behavioural observations of pastured lambs
Contributor(s):: Pullin, A. N., Pairis-Garcia, M. D., Campler, M. R., Proudfoot, K. L.
Panting scores as a measure of heat stress evaluation in sheep with access and with no access to shade
Contributor(s):: Marcone, G., Kaart, T., Piirsalu, P., Arney, D. R.
Preference of beef cattle for feedlot or pasture environments
Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Fisher, Andrew D., Colditz, Ian G., Lea, Jim M., Ferguson, Drewe M.
Intensive feedlot finishing is perceived to affect welfare because cattle cannot perform normal behaviours evident in pasture environments. The objective of this study was to determine cattle preference for spending time at pasture (5ha) or in a feedlot (25×10m) under pastures with differing feed...
Winter housing conditions of cows of the Hérens breed do not influence fighting but modulate spacing behaviour on alpine pastures
Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf
Cows of the Hérens breed are typically kept in small herds and three types of winter housing conditions feature in practical application: tie-barns with minimal winter outdoor exercise, this being taken singly or in pairs (“minimal exercise”), tie-barns with daily exercise as a complete herd...
Finishing bulls have more synchronised behaviour in pastures than in pens
Contributor(s):: Tuomisto, Leena, Huuskonen, Arto, Jauhiainen, Lauri, Mononen, Jaakko
The objective of the present study was to compare the synchronisation of the lying, feeding and standing behaviour of bulls housed in an uninsulated barn and in a pasture. Dairy (Ayrshire and Holstein-Friesian) and beef (Hereford) bulls were housed in June-July in either partly bedded pens in an...
Effect of feed allowance at pasture on the lying behaviour of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: O’Driscoll, Keelin, Lewis, Eva, Kennedy, Emer
In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and may have a variety of behavioural consequences. Lying behaviour is one of the most researched aspects of dairy cow behaviour, and can provide insights into cow...
Monitoring the effects of feeding in groups: Behavioural trials in farmed elk in winter
Contributor(s):: Moreira, Adam, McLaren, Brian
We studied the effect of managing group size in domesticated elk in the context of social foraging theory, and toward recommendations for livestock well-being and efficient use of common pastures. We compared foraging in adult female elk presented with feeding trays of alfalfa pellets mixed with...
The effect of social dynamics and environment at time of early weaning on short- and long-term lamb behavior in a pasture and feedlot setting
Contributor(s):: Pullin, Allison N., Pairis-Garcia, Monique D., Campbell, Braden J., Campler, Magnus R., Proudfoot, Kathryn L., Fluharty, Francis L.
Lambs are commonly weaned around 60 d of age in the Eastern United States, but this age is also a time for lambs to apply long-term feeding strategies learned from adult animals. There is minimal evidence on how weaning strategies may affect long-term adaptation of feeding behavior. The objective...
The behaviour of housed dairy cattle with and without pasture access: A review
Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, S. Mark
With more dairy cows being housed indoors, for at least part of the year, it is important to understand how housing impacts on ‘normal behaviour’ and the implications for cow welfare. For cows on pasture, nutritional requirements and climatic conditions are the major concerns, whilst indoor...
Daytime summer access to pasture vs. free-stall barn in dairy cows with year-long outdoor experience: A case study
Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Bergeron, Reneé, Vasseur, Elsa
With its documented health and behavioural benefits, one would expect dairy cows to have near unconditional preference for pasture. However, dairy cow preference is multifaceted with numerous factors contributing to the choices and or actions of the cow. Experience is one such factor that may...
On-farm Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of dairy goats in different housing conditions
Contributor(s):: Grosso, Lilia, Battini, Monica, Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Barbieri, Sara, Minero, Michela, Dalla Costa, Emanuela, Mattiello, Silvana
This study reports the results of the first investigation on the use of Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) in dairy goats, using a fixed-list of descriptors specifically developed for this species. It aimed to verify whether QBA can be reliably used by observers with different backgrounds to...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole×Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
Contributor(s):: Idibu, Joachine, Kabi, Fred, Mpairwe, Denis
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
The effect of free-stall versus strawyard housing and access to pasture on dairy cow locomotor activity and time budget
Contributor(s):: Shepley, Elise, Lensink, Joop, Leruste, Hélène, Vasseur, Elsa
Dairy housing systems can have major implications on how freely cows move within their environment and how fully they can express their behavioral repertoire, impacting overall welfare. To ensure housing systems are meeting the needs of the dairy cow, more information is needed on the best method...
Do dairy cattle use a woodchip bedded area to rest on when managed on pasture in summer?
Contributor(s):: Schütz, Karin E., Huddart, Frances J., Cave, Vanessa M.
Previous studies have demonstrated that dairy cattle prefer pasture over indoor conditions especially at nighttime, which suggests they perceive pasture as an attractive place to rest. Indeed, cows avoid and spend less time lying on hard surfaces, such as concrete or mattresses, compared to...
Behavioural and physiological responses to pest flies in pastured dairy cows treated with a natural repellent
Contributor(s):: Woolley, Carrie E., Lachance, Simon, DeVries, Trevor J., Bergeron, Renée
The effects of reducing fly attack intensity, using an essential oil fly repellent, on fly avoidance behaviour, grazing, milk production and stress was evaluated. Twenty Holstein dairy cows on pasture were divided into two groups of 10, which were alternatively treated with the repellent, or left...
Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 2: Individual Variation
Contributor(s):: Peta S Taylor, Paul H Hemsworth, Peter J Groves, Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Jean-Loup Rault
Little is known about broiler chicken ranging behaviour. Previous studies have monitored ranging behaviour at flock level but whether individual ranging behaviour varies within a flock is unknown. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 1200 individual ROSS 308 broiler...
Ranging Behaviour of Commercial Free-Range Broiler Chickens 1: Factors Related to Flock Variability
Little is known about the ranging behaviour of chickens. Understanding ranging behaviour is required to improve management and shed and range design to ensure optimal ranging opportunities. Using Radio Frequency Identification technology, we tracked 300 individual broiler chickens in each of four...
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Broom, D.