A brief note about cow lying behaviour - do cows choose left and right lying side equally?
Contributor(s):: Forsberg, A. M., Pettersson, G., Ljungberg, T., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.
The factors influencing cows' lying behaviour are not fully evaluated. Most studies dealing with lying behaviour were primarily aimed at comparing different designs for the resting area and floor surfaces, while only a few studies have investigated the cows' preference of lying side. The aim of...
A brief report on effects of transfer from outdoor grazing to indoor tethering and back on urinary cortisol and behaviour in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Higashiyama, Y., Nashiki, M., Narita, H., Kawasaki, M.
The present study was performed to investigate the effects of transferring cattle (n=7) from pasture to indoor confinement and their return to pasture on their physiological and behavioural responses. On the day after the cows were moved to indoor tethering, urinary cortisol increased...
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
A method for assessing the relative sociability of individuals within groups: an example with grazing sheep
| Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Elston, D. A., Smith, D. J. F., Erhard, H. W.
We describe a method for quantifying relative sociability within a group of animals, which is defined as the tendency to be close to others within the group and based on the identification of nearest neighbours. The method is suitable for groups of animals in which all individuals are visible and...
A new ambulatory data logger for a long-term determination of grazing and rumination behaviour on free-ranging cattle, sheep and goats
| Contributor(s):: Matsui, K.
A new ambulatory data logger, which simultaneously records the number of jaw movements and number of pauses between jaw movements longer than 3 s min-1, was developed and tested using cattle, sheep and goats. Since this apparatus was more simple, light-weight and compact than previously developed...
A note on changes in ingestive behaviour of sheep following shearing
| Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W.
The grazing behaviour and herbage intake of sheep grazing at 4 stocking rates were recorded before and after shearing in winter. Following shearing, grazing time was reduced but intake of OM/h increased at all stocking rates even though the amount of feed available was very low at the highest...
A note on increased intake in lambs through diversity in food flavor
| Contributor(s):: Distel, R. A., Rodriguez Iglesias, R. M., Arroquy, J., Merino, J.
Because preferences for food flavor decline during and after a meal, intake could be increased by offering the same food in different flavors simultaneously. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of offering the same hay with different flavors on forage intake by lambs....
A note on the effect of recording frequency on the estimation of grazing time of cattle and sheep
| Contributor(s):: Smith, H. K., Hodgson, J.
A note on the relationship between time spent in turnout and behaviour during turnout in horses ( Equus caballus )
| Contributor(s):: Chaya, L., Cowan, E., McGuire, B.
We examined if time spent in turnout influenced behaviour during turnout for horses maintained in stalls and given either 2 h/week (n=7) or 12 h/week (n=7) of turnout. Horses turned out for 2 h/week were more likely than those turned out for 12 h/week to trot, canter, and buck. Frequency of...
A note on using electronic identification technology to measure the motivation of sheep to obtain resources at pasture
| Contributor(s):: Champion, R. A., Cook, J. E., Rook, A. J., Rutter, S. M.
Electronic animal identification was used to register when sheep moved from one place to another. Non-return gates were used to control the direction of travel of the sheep past electronic identification antennas at the boundary between two areas. A personal computer program was written to...
A review of historically significant publications from German speaking countries concerning the behaviour of domestic farm animals
| Contributor(s):: Sambraus, H. H.
German language publications up to and including 1958 which concerned the behaviour of domestic farm animals are reviewed. The subjects covered include behaviour of cows on different grazing systems, and eating habits in cattle.
A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep
| Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.
Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...
A review of range production and management extension activities in Kenya
| Contributor(s):: Maranga, E. K.
The paper presents an overview of the development of range management extension activities in Kenya. The status quo of range management activities is discussed with particular reference to extension infrastructure, scope of extension interventions and mechanisms of dissemination of these...
A study of the investigatory behavior of the dairy cow
| Contributor(s):: Nielsen, M. A., Luescher, U. A.
A commission to investigate the possible ingestion by dairy cattle of air-dropped wildlife baits for vaccination against sylvatic rabies provided an opportunity for a detailed study of bovine investigatory behaviour. Twelve unarmed baits (half of which were placed in a bag with live slurry...
A technique in the study of aggregative behaviour of sheep
| Contributor(s):: Grassia, A.
A test for measuring individual variation in how far grazing animals will move away from a social group to feed
| Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Erhard, H. W., Hooper, R. J., Dumont, B., Boissy, A.
This paper describes a test for gregarious grazing animals, which measures trade-offs between feeding and social companionship. Four groups of 10 female Scottish Blackface sheep were used for the study and bowls containing food pellets were used to draw individuals away from the group. The sheep...
A video and acoustic methodology to map bite placement at the patch scale
| Contributor(s):: Griffiths, W. M., Alchanatis, V., Nitzan, R., Ostrovsky, V., Ben-Moshe, E., Yonatan, R., Brener, S., Baram, H., Genizi, A., Ungar, E. D.
Bite placement plays an important role in determining the mean weight of bites removed from a patch, and hence intake rate. This paper describes a video and acoustic methodology to map the sequential placement of bites on the sward surface. The methodology was evaluated for dairy heifers grazing...
Accessibility of herbage allowance and ingestive behavior of beef cattle
| Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Bradley, N. W., Cornelius, P. L., Lauriault, L. M.
Rate of feed intake may be increased when grazing cattle are given access to fresh pasture. Two experiments using a balanced change-over design and tethered adult cows of 471+or-18 kg liveweight were used to measure the effect of accessibility of lucerne on ingestive behaviour. In the first...
Activity bout criteria for grazing dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Rook, A. J., Huckle, C. A.
Data on the eating, ruminating and idling activity of grazing dairy cows recorded to a resolution of 1 min were used to study the choice of activity bout criteria and the implications of this choice. An inter-bout length of 5 min was found to be suitable for all 3 activity categories across a...
Activity patterns of seaweed-eating sheep on North Ronaldsay, Orkney
| Contributor(s):: Paterson, I. W., Coleman, C. D.
The feeding behaviour of North Ronaldsay sheep on seaweed was studied quantitatively on 5-30 July 1977. Of 156 instances where spp. could be identified directly, 119 were Laminaria spp. (L. digitata, L. cloustonii and L. saccharina), 8 were Alaria esculenta, 4 were Chorda filum (1 lamb only) and...