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  1. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  2. An assessment of behavioural syndromes in rangeland-raised beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Wesley, R. L., Cibils, A. F., Mulliniks, J. T., Pollak, E. R., Petersen, M. K., Fredrickson, E. L.

  3. Comparison of methods to quantify the number of bites in calves grazing winter oats with different sward heights

    Contributor(s):: Nadin, L. B., Chopa, F. S., Gibb, M. J., Trindade, J. K. da, Amaral, G. A. do, Carvalho, P. C. de F., Gonda, H. L.

  4. Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems

    Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.

  5. Defaecation and urination behaviour in beef cattle grazing semi-natural grassland

    Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Griffith, B. A., Champion, R. A., Cook, J. E.

  6. Differential responses of captive southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to the presence of faeces from different species and male and female conspecifics

    Contributor(s):: Descovich, K. A., Lisle, A. T., Johnston, S., Nicolson, V., Phillips, C. J. C.

  7. Effects of social dominance, water trough location and shade availability on drinking behaviour of cows on pasture

    Contributor(s):: Coimbra, P. A. D., Machado Filho, L. C. P., Hotzel, M. J.

  8. Foraging behaviour of beef heifers and ewes in natural grasslands with distinct proportions of tussocks

    Contributor(s):: Bremm, C., Laca, E. A., Fonseca, L., Mezzalira, J. C., Elejalde, D. A. G., Gonda, H. L., Carvalho, P. C. de F.

  9. Foraging paths through vegetation patches for beef cattle in semi-natural pastures

    Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Tozer, K. N., Griffith, B. A., Champion, R. A., Cook, J. E., Rutter, S. M.

  10. In pursuit of "normal": a review of the behaviour of cattle at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Kilgour, R. J.

  11. Opioid control of behaviour in sheep: effects of morphine and naloxone on food intake, activity and the affective state

    Contributor(s):: Verbeek, E., Ferguson, D., Monjour, P. Q. de, Lee, C.

  12. The behaviour of beef cattle at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Kilgour, R. J., Uetake, K., Ishiwata, T., Melville, G. J.

  13. Farmers' perceptions of livestock, agriculture, and natural resources in the rural Ethiopian highlands

    Contributor(s):: Tschopp, R., Aseffa, A., Schelling, E., Zinsstag, J.

    Increasing human and livestock populations in Ethiopia are leading to a growing demand for food and feed. Cereal cropping is highly prioritized at the cost of the livestock subsector and the environment. Grazing land is decreasing, leading to overstocking and overgrazing of pastures, thus fueling...

  14. How do horses appraise humans' actions? A brief note over a practical way to assess stimulus perception

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Gazzano, A., Martelli, F., Sighieri, C.

    Heart rate (HR) is considered to be an effective tool for assessing animals' emotional response to a stimulus. We investigated changes in HR during a series of handling procedures (grooming test) in horses that had different experiences of human interaction. We used four groups of horses: grazing...

  15. Animal agriculture: symbiosis, culture, or ethical conflict? (Animals and their welfare)

    Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Olsson, I. A. S.

    Several writers on animal ethics defend the abolition of most or all animal agriculture which they consider an unethical exploitation of sentient non-human animals. However, animal agriculture can also be seen as a co-evolution over thousands of years, that has affected biology and behaviour on...

  16. The design and implementation of sustainable plant diversity conservation program for alpine meadows and pastures

    Contributor(s):: Baumgartner, J., Hartmann, J.

    The paper describes the design and implementation of a plant biodiversity conservation programme that was developed under funding and time constraints for diverse ecological, social, and institutional environments. The biodiversity programme for alpine meadows and pastures in the Canton of the...

  17. Human behavior influences infectious disease emergence at the human-animal interface

    Contributor(s):: Alexander, K. A., McNutt, J. W.

    Although human behavior is frequently cited as a factor influencing the emergence of disease at the human-animal interface, few empirical studies have demonstrated this relationship. We compare humans and their domestic animals living in close proximity to populations of the endangered African...

  18. Activity bout criteria for grazing dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Rook, A. J., Huckle, C. A.

    Data on the eating, ruminating and idling activity of grazing dairy cows recorded to a resolution of 1 min were used to study the choice of activity bout criteria and the implications of this choice. An inter-bout length of 5 min was found to be suitable for all 3 activity categories across a...

  19. An automatic system to record foraging behaviour in free-ranging ruminants

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Penning, P. D.

    Precise measurements of grazing behaviour are required to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the foraging behaviour of free-ranging domestic ruminants. An automatic, microcomputer-based system for the digital recording of the jaw movements of free-ranging cattle and sheep is...

  20. Assessment of sociability in farm animals: the use of arena test in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Ligout, S., Foulquie, D., Sebe, F., Bouix, J., Boissy, A.

    The present study aimed to evaluate an experimental approach to individually assess social reactivity among sheep. INRA401 male lambs (n=163) were reared together outdoors as part of a larger flock. Fifteen days after weaning the animals were individually exposed to an arena test of 2 phases (1 -...