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  1. Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range

    Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...

  2. Non-invasive Assessment of Fecal Stress Biomarkers in Hunting Dogs During Exercise and at Rest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Augusta Zannoni, Marco Pietra, Alba Gaspardo, Pier Attilio Accorsi, Monica Barone, Silvia Turroni, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Patrizia Brigidi, Monica Forni

    Intense exercise causes to organisms to have oxidative stress and inflammation at the gastrointestinal (GI) level. The reduction in intestinal blood flow and the exercise-linked thermal damage to the intestinal mucosa can cause intestinal barrier disruption, followed by an inflammatory...

  3. How do primary pre-service teachers assess circus with animals and its educational value? A study with Portuguese, Spanish and Greek students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: António Almeida, Beatriz García Fernández, Penelope Papadopoulou

    This study aimed to check the opinion of primary pre-service teachers about circus with animals, including if they recognize any educational value in this type of show and how they assess the animals’ treatment in this place. For that, a questionnaire with open and closed questions was...

  4. Pokušaj validacije adaptirane lexington skale privrženosti kućnim ljubimcima

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jelena Levačić

    Dosadašnja, uglavnom strana istraživanja, pokazala su kako ljudi sa svojim kućnim ljubimcima stvaraju čvrstu emocionalnu vezu iz koje, čini se, proizlaze brojne prednosti za čovjeka, kako na fizičkom tako i na psihološkom planu. U Hrvatskoj je privrženost kućnim ljubimcima...

  5. More Than "Just" Walking: An Observational Study of Dog-Related Physical Activities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Benedikt Hielscher, Udo Ganslosser, Ingo Froboese

    Dog ownership has been shown to correlate with physical activity (PA). However, knowledge about the intensities of dog-related PA (drPA) is still lacking. To investigate the duration and intensity of drPA in consideration of PA guidelines, an observational study of dog owners (DO) was...

  6. Dog ownership, the natural outdoor environment and health: a cross-sectional study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wilma L Zijlema, Hayley Christian, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Marta Cirach, Magdalena van den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Christopher J Gidlow, Hanneke Kruize, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Sandra Andrušaitytė, Regina Grazuleviciene, Jill Litt, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen

  7. Understanding the Relationship Between Pet Ownership and Physical Activity Among Older Community-Dwelling Adults—A Mixed Methods Study

    | Contributor(s):: Mandy Peacock, Julie Netto, Polly Yeung, Joanne McVeigh, Anne-Marie Hill

  8. Effects of Proximity between Companion Dogs and Their Caregivers on Heart Rate Variability Measures in Older Adults: A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heidi K. Ortmeyer, Leslie I. Katzel

    Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive tool used to evaluate autonomic nervous system function and is affected by age, stress, postural changes, and physical activity. Dog ownership has been associated with higher 24-hr HRV and increased physical activity compared to nonowners. The current...

  9. Associations between Pet Ownership and Frailty: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gotaro Kojima, Reijiro Aoyama, Yu Taniguchi

  10. Therapy Dog Ownership as Serious Leisure for Members of a Therapy Dog Volunteer Group

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jonathan R. Hicks, Mary Kramer

    Therapy dogs are used in a variety of settings, including prisons, hospitals, and schools, for the purposes of providing emotional and psychological support to humans. They are trained to be well behaved and to be perceived as supportive of humans. This study sought to explore the benefits to...

  11. Animal-Assisted Interventions: Relationship Between Standards and Qualifications

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Greta Kerulo, Niko Kargas, Daniel S. Mills, Graham Law, Rise VanFleet, Tracie Faa-Thompson, Melissa Y. Winkle

    Ethical practice of animal- assisted interventions (AAI) requires appropriate qualifications and experience for all parties involved. Recently introduced and updated Standards of Practice emphasize the importance of AAI- specific training and qualification for different types of AAI, which...

  12. Are Nurses Joining the Ride? Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Khalid Bandar Almasloukh, Pamela Stewart Fahs

    Background: Equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is a rapidly growing practice that is described as therapeutic and entertaining. Complementary therapies such as EAAT are gaining acceptance as the health care needs of the population are changing. Method: This systematic review draws...

  13. A Transdisciplinary Perspective on Dog-Handler-Client Interactions in Animal Assisted Activities for Children, Youth and Young Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Renata P. S. Roma, Christine Yvette Tardif-Williams, Shannon A. Moore, Sandra L. Bosacki

    A growing body of research has linked the inclusion of dogs in Animal-Assisted Activities (AAA) for children and young adults to a diverse range of positive social emotional and cognitive outcomes. However, many studies have focused exclusively on aspects directly related to dog-client...

  14. Human-Animal Co-sleeping Practices among Australian Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christy L. Hoffman, Peta C. Hazelton, Bradley P. Smith

    Human-animal co-sleeping is relatively common among dog owners; however, the nature of this practice is not well understood. Recent investigations have focused on the impact of human-dog co-sleeping on human sleep but have largely ignored the contextual nature of the practice, including with...

  15. Working Out with F.I.D.O. (Frequency, Intensity, Duration, & Outcomes): A Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clarise Lim, Joan Wharf Higgins, Ryan E. Rhodes

    Objective: Dog owners walk more per week compared to non-dog owners; however, 60% of dog owners are still not walking their dogs at intensities sufficient to reap optimal health benefits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a 9-week randomized...

  16. The Anodyne-Agent Model: A Framework for Conceptualizing the Animal's Role in Animal-Assisted Intervention

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela K. Fournier, Elizabeth A. Letson, Thomas D. Berry, Jennifer Laitala, Lauren Proels, Kelli Kavanaugh

    This research introduces the anodyne-agent model as a framework for conceptualizing the animalís role in animal-assisted interventions. The model suggests animals assist interventions aimed at human health and well-being by (a) enhancing positive emotion and decreasing negative emotion,...

  17. Measuring the Social, Behavioral, and Academic Effects of Classroom Pets on Third and Fourth-Grade Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Rachel Garthe, Cynthia Hellman, Marguerite O'Haire

    Limited research has documented the benefits of animals for children's learning and development, with a growing number of elementary school teachers incorporating pets into their classrooms. This study assessed the social, behavioral, and academic effects of the presence of small, resident...

  18. Bridging the Gap between Personality-Social Psychology and Human-Animal Interaction Research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anthony E. Coy, Christopher J. Holden

    Personality and social psychology are two of the broadest subfields within psychology. Social psychology extends into areas such as perception and cognition while providing more unique contributions in specific domains such as close relationships and aggression. Personality cuts across all...

  19. "Thriving Through Relationships" as a useful adjunct to existing theoretical frameworks used in human-companion dog interaction literature

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Gravrok, Dan Bendrups, Tiffani Howell, Pauleen C. Bennett

    The relationship formed between a human and a dog can be transformative. Human-Animal Interaction (HAI) research aims to understand why these relationships are so important. Within this field, human-dog relationships have been explained through various theoretical constructs, of which the...

  20. Do Domestic Cats (Felis silvestris catus) infer Reputation in Humans after Direct and Indirect Experience?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica Leete, Jennifer Vonk, Silvia Oriani, Taryn Eaton, Jennifer Lieb

    Although felids in general tend to be relatively asocial, domestic cats live closely with humans and other domestic species and thus, might be expected to respond to cues indicating, for example, the reputation of others. Furthermore, recent research with other less social species suggests that...