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  1. Zoonosis : prospects and challenges for medical anthropology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Frédéric Keck, Christos Lynteris

    In recent years anthropologists have shown an increasing interest in ‘zoonoses’: diseases naturally transmitted from nonhuman animals to humans, such as anthrax, brucellosis, influenza, hantavirus syndromes, Middle East respiratory syndrome, plague, and rabies. Animal-derived...

  2. Application of the hands on donkey tool for assessing the welfare of working equids at Tuliman, Mexico

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: ., F. Galindo, A. de Aluja, R. Cagigas, L.A. Huerta, T.A. Tadich

    Equids are still used for diverse chores in Mexico and are essential for the livelihoods of numerous families. Appropriate health and behavior are prerequisites for performing work without affecting welfare. This study aimed to assess the welfare of working equids in Tuliman, applying the...

  3. The link between domestic violence and abuse and animal cruelty in the intimate relationship of people of diverse genders and/or sexualities: a bi-national study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Damien W Riggs, Nik Taylor, Heather Fraser, Catherine Donovan, Tania Signal

    Over the past three decades, a growing body of research has focused on experiences of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) among people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. Missing, however, has been a focus on what is known as “the link” between DVA and animal cruelty with regard to...

  4. Human, animal and environmental contributors to antibiotic resistance in low resource settings: integrating behavioural, epidemiological and One Health approaches

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily K Rousham, Leanne Unicomb, Mohammad Aminul Islam

    Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is recognised as a One Health challenge because of the rapid emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria and genes among humans, animals and the environment on a global scale. However, there is a paucity of research assessing ABR contemporaneously in humans,...

  5. Domestic violence and companion animals in the context of LGBT people's relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nik Taylor, Heather Fraser, Damien W Riggs

    The link between domestic violence and animal abuse has now been well established, indicating that where there is one form of abuse, there is often the other. Research on this link, however, has almost exclusively focused on heterosexual cisgender people’s relationships. Lacking, then, is...

  6. Animal-assisted activities for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder: Teachers' and parents' perceptions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charis Hawkridge

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder which currently affects an estimated one percent of the international population and that percentage appears to be growing. There is currently no single intervention that has been found to improve all the symptoms of ASD, and the most...

  7. People of Diverse Genders and/or Sexualities and Their Animal Companions: Experiences of Family Violence in a Binational Sample.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Damien W. Riggs, Nik Taylor, Tania Signal, Heather Fraser, Catherine Donovan

    A significant body of research in the field of human-animal studies has focused on animals who live alongside humans within the home, with such animals often considered family members. To date, however, this research has focused almost exclusively on the experiences of heterosexual cisgender...

  8. Urban Animal Management: a naturalistic perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: David William Paxton

    The thesis uses a naturalistic perspective derived from Darwin’s theory of the origin of species by natural selection to propose that human beings and dogs co-evolved in an interdependent relationship which needs to be taken into account by makers of public policies about urban dogs. An...

  9. Epidemiology of Leptospirosis in Africa: A Systematic Review of a Neglected Zoonosis and a Paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kathryn J. Allan, Holly M. Biggs, Jo E.B. Halliday, Rudovick R. Kazwala, Venance P. Maro, Sarah Cleaveland, John A. Crump

    Background Leptospirosis is an important but neglected bacterial zoonosis that has been largely overlooked in Africa. In this systematic review, we aimed to summarise and compare current knowledge of: (1) the geographic distribution, prevalence, incidence and diversity of acute human...

  10. Teaching Children and Parents to Understand Dog Signaling

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kerstin Meints, Victoria Brelsford, Tiny De Keuster

    Safe human-dog relationships require understanding of dogs' signaling. As children are at particularly high risk of dog bites, we investigated longitudinally how children from 3 to 5 years and parents perceive and interpret dogs' distress signaling gestures. All participants were then...

  11. Integrating Trap-Neuter-Return Campaigns Into a Social Framework: Developing Long-Term Positive Behavior Change Toward Unowned Cats in Urban Areas

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. McDonald, Mark J. Farnworth, Jane Clements

    Cat management is often discussed in terms of population reduction, with trap-neuter-return (TNR) campaigns commonly organized to manage unowned urban cat populations. However, long-term effectiveness is only possible if positive neutering practices are continued by local residents. Here we...

  12. Pressure Mat Analysis of Walk and Trot Gait Characteristics in 66 Normal Small, Medium, Large, and Giant Breed Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria A. Fahie, Jonathan C. Cortez, Marc Ledesma, Yuhua Su

    Objectives: To document temporospatial variables and gait symmetry measured by the GAITRite® system for normal, healthy dogs at the walk and trot with the leash side recorded. Study Design: Observational, prospective, cohort study. Sample Population: 66 healthy dogs of various common breeds...

  13. A Mini Review of the Zoonotic Threat Potential of Influenza Viruses, Coronaviruses, Adenoviruses, and Enteroviruses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emily S Bailey, Jane K Fieldhouse, Jessica Y Choi, Gregory C Gray

    During the last two decades, scientists have grown increasingly aware that viruses are emerging from the human–animal interface. In particular, respiratory infections are problematic; in early 2003, World Health Organization issued a worldwide alert for a previously unrecognized illness...

  14. Speaking to Animals: Japan and the Welfare of Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra Atherton, Glenn Moore

    This paper examines the phenomenal popularity of companion animals in Japan, and the way many of these pets are treated as part of the owner’s family. Indeed, some pets are treated as if they are human children. This pet phenomenon was made possible because the Japanese developed a way of...

  15. One Health approach to controlling a Q fever outbreak on an Australian goat farm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: K.A. Bond, G. Vincent, C.R. Wilks, L. Franklin, B. Sutton, J. Stenos, R. Cowan, K. Lim, E. Athan, O. Harris, L. Macfarlane-Berry, Y. Segal, S.M. Firestone

    A recent outbreak of Q fever was linked to an intensive goat and sheep dairy farm in Victoria, Australia, 2012-2014. Seventeen employees and one family member were confirmed with Q fever over a 28-month period, including two culture-positive cases. The outbreak investigation and management...

  16. Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal

    Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...

  17. Sentinel Animals in a One Health Approach to Harmful Cyanobacterial and Algal Blooms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lorraine C. Backer, Melissa Miller

    People, domestic animals, and wildlife are all exposed to numerous environmental threats, including harmful algal blooms (HABs). However, because animals exhibit wide variations in diet, land use and biology, they are often more frequently or heavily exposed to HAB toxins than are people...

  18. Physiological and behavioral effects of animal-assisted interventions for therapy dogs in pediatric oncology settings

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Amy McCullough, Molly A. Jenkins, Ashleigh Ruehrdanz, Mary Jo Gilmer, Janice Olson, Anjali Pawar, Leslie Holley, Shirley Sierra-Rivera, Deborah E. Linder, Danielle Pinchette, Neil J. Grossman, Cynthia Hellman, Noémie Guérin, Marguerite E. O'Haire

    Over the past two decades, animal-assisted interventions (AAIs), defined as the purposeful incorporation of specially trained animals in services to improve human health, have become increasingly popular in clinical settings. However, to date, there have been few rigorously-designed studies aimed...

  19. Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy

    Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...

  20. Brain regions involved in observing and trying to interpret dog behaviour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Charlotte Desmet, Alko van der Wiel, Marcel Brass

    Humans and dogs have interacted for millennia. As a result, humans (and especially dog owners) sometimes try to interpret dog behaviour. While there is extensive research on the brain regions that are involved in mentalizing about other peoples’ behaviour, surprisingly little is known of...