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  1. Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessa K. Engelberg, Jordan A. Carlson, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, Brian E. Saelens

    PURPOSE: To assess the association of dog walking with adolescents' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI), and identify correlates of dog walking. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants were 12-17year-olds (n=925) from the Baltimore, MD and Seattle, WA regions....

  2. A Preliminary Description of Companion Cat, Managed Stray Cat, and Unmanaged Stray Cat Welfare in Auckland, New Zealand Using a 5-Component Assessment Scale

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Zito, Jessica Walker, M. Carolyn Gates, Arnja Dale

    Free-roaming cats are a polarizing issue in New Zealand and there is strong need for a comprehensive evaluation of their welfare to better inform population management decisions. In this study, a 5-component visual health-related welfare assessment scale was developed and piloted on a...

  3. The Changing Legal Status of Cats in Australia: From Friend of the Settlers, to Enemy of the Rabbit, and Now a Threat to Biodiversity and Biosecurity Risk

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Riley

    In NSW, free-roaming cats are regarded as one the biggest threats to biodiversity. Yet, at one stage they were classified as “the enemy of the rabbit” and were protected and released in their thousands. The purpose of this article is to examine the changing status of cats in...

  4. Dog Movie Stars and Dog Breed Popularity: A Case Study in Media Influence on Choice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefano Ghirlanda, Alberto Acerbi, Harold Herzog

    Fashions and fads are important phenomena that influence many individual choices. They are ubiquitous in human societies, and have recently been used as a source of data to test models of cultural dynamics. Although a few statistical regularities have been observed in fashion cycles, their...

  5. Evaluation of Unowned Domestic Cat Management in the Urban Environment of Rome After 30 Years of Implementation of the No-Kill Policy (National and Regional Laws)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eugenia Natoli, Livia Malandrucco, Laura Minati, Stefania Verzichi, Raffaella Perino, Laura Longo, Francesca Pontecorvo, Anna Faini

    Law no. 281, enacted by the Italian Parliament in 1991, was the first that aimed at managing urban free-roaming cats living in colonies, without killing and/or moving them from their site. It had been anticipated by the Lazio Regional Law no. 63/1988 and subsequently refined by the Lazio...

  6. Public Opinions on Strategies for Managing Stray Cats and Predictors of Opposition to Trap-Neuter and Return in Brisbane, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jacquie Rand, Gina Fisher, Kate Lamb, Andrea Hayward

    A survey of Brisbane residents was undertaken to investigate community attitudes toward urban stray cats and their management. Surveys were distributed to 84 medical and dental practices across Brisbane City, and were completed by 305 patients and staff. Practices were targeted to achieve a...

  7. Spatialities of Dog Theft: A Critical Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Allen, Adam Peacock, Jamie Arathoon

    Dogs are considered property under U.K. law, while current discourses of pet ownership place canine companions as part of an extended family. This means sentences for those who steal dogs are not reflective of a dogs’ sentience and agency, rather in line with charges for those who steal a...

  8. The Human-Animal Relationship in Australian Caged Laying Hens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren E. Edwards, Grahame J. Coleman, Kym L. Butler, Paul H. Hemsworth

    Studies on farm animals have shown relationships between stockperson attitudes and behaviour and farm animal fear, stress and productivity. This study investigated how the avoidance behaviour of Australian commercial caged laying hens may be related to stockperson behaviour, albumen...

  9. Food Preferences in Dogs: Effect of Dietary Composition and Intrinsic Variables on Diet Selection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Raúl A. Alegría-Morán, Sergio A. Guzmán-Pino, Juan Ignacio Egaña, Carem Muñoz, Jaime Figueroa

    A ten-year food preference database (2007–2017) was used to relate food selection in dogs to the nutritional components of diets by doing a principal component analysis (PCA) and a linear regression between components obtained and dogs’ preferences. Intake and preference of...

  10. Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden

    Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...

  11. Papillomavirus DNA is not Amplifiable from Bladder, Lung, or Mammary Gland Cancers in Dogs or Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John S. Munday, Chloe B. MacLachlan, Matthew R. Perrott, Danielle Aberdein

    Papillomaviruses (PVs) cause around 5% of all human cancers, including most cervical cancers and around a quarter of all oral cancers. Additionally, some studies have suggested that PVs could cause a proportion of human lung, breast, and bladder cancers. As PVs have been associated with skin...

  12. Canine Olfactory Thresholds to Amyl Acetate in a Biomedical Detection Scenario

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Astrid R. Concha, Claire M. Guest, Rob Harris, Thomas W. Pike, Alexandre Feugier, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Dogs’ abilities to respond to concentrations of odorant molecules are generally deemed superior to electronic sensors. This sensitivity has been used traditionally in many areas; but is a more recent innovation within the medical field. As a bio-detection sensor for human diseases such as...

  13. Behavioral Interventions as an Adjunctive Treatment for Canine Epilepsy: A Missing Part of the Epilepsy Management Toolkit?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rowena M. A. Packer, Sarah L. Hobbs, Emily J. Blackwell

    Epilepsy is a common, complex and often challenging neurological disorder to treat in the dog, with 20–30% of dogs resistant to conventional medical therapies, and associated with cognitive and behavioral comorbidities and early death. Behavioral interventions are an emerging area of...

  14. Redefining Shelter: Fostering Human/Canine Relationships Through a New Typology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sabrina Nagel

    This thesis explores how design settings foster rehabilitation in humans and canines through mutual interaction. A synergy must be created between the 3.3 million dogs put into shelters in the U.S. every year (ASPCA) and the 11-20% of children in the U.S. who have a mental disorder (CDC). An...

  15. Decrease in Population and Increase in Welfare of Community Cats in a Twenty-Three Year Trap-Neuter-Return Program in Key Largo, FL: The ORCAT Program

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachael E. Kreisler, Heather N. Cornell, Julie K. Levy

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a long-term (23-year) trapneuter-return program on the population size of community cats in the Ocean Reef Community and to describe the demographic composition and outcome of enrolled cats. A retrospective study was performed using both...

  16. The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johan Lindsjö, Katarina Cvek, Elin M. F. Spangenberg, Johan N. G. Olsson, Margareta Stéen

    Wild animals are used for research and management purposes in Sweden and throughout the world. Animals are often subjected to similar procedures and risks of compromised welfare from capture, anesthesia, handling, sampling, marking, and sometimes selective removal. The interpretation of the...

  17. Chlamydia pecorum Associated With an Outbreak of Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis in Semi-domesticated Reindeer in Sweden

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Javier Sánchez Romano, Mikael Leijon, Åsa Hagström, Tomas Jinnerot, Ulrika K. Rockström, Morten Tryland

    Infectious keratoconjunctivitis (IKC), the most common ocular disease in ruminants worldwide, has affected semi-domesticated Eurasian reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) for over 100 years, both as individual cases and in outbreaks affecting tens to hundreds of animals. Recurrent IKC...

  18. The Road to TNR: Examining Trap-Neuter-Return Through the Lens of Our Evolving Ethics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Joseph Wolf, Joan E. Schaffner

    In the 2008 article “A Review of Feral Cat Control,” Robertson explored the trend developing in the management of so-called “feral” cats away from lethal methods toward the non-lethal method of trap-neuter-return (TNR). The review explored various issues raised by the...

  19. Caregiving for a Companion Animal Compared to a Family Member: Burden and Positive Experiences in Caregivers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karysa Britton, Rachel Galioto, Geoffrey Tremont, Kimberly Chapman, Olivia Hogue, Mark D. Carlson, Mary Beth Spitznagel

    Introduction: Research in human caregiving shows burden is often present in the caregiver and can be reduced by interventions that increase positive perceptions of caregiving. Recent work suggests burden is also present in owners of a seriously ill companion animal. To help determine if...

  20. Animal Welfare in Conservation Breeding: Applications and Challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alison L. Greggor, Greg A. Vicino, Ronald R. Swaisgood, Andrea Fidgett, Deena Brenner, Matthew E. Kinney, Susan Farabaugh, Bryce Masuda, Nadine Lamberski

    Animal welfare and conservation breeding have overlapping and compatible goals that are occasionally divergent. Efforts to improve enclosures, provide enriching experiences, and address behavioral and physical needs further the causes of animal welfare in all zoo settings. However, by...