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Equid play ethogram
Contributor(s):: McDonnell, S. M., Poulin, A.
An ethogram of play behaviour among equids was developed. Several key English-language studies on equids were reviewed to derive a preliminary inventory of specific behaviours to be included in the ethogram. Our primary observations were based on a herd of semi-feral Shetland-type ponies kept at...
Unreported dog bites in children
Contributor(s):: Beck, A. M., Jones, B. A.
In 1981, more than 3,200 Pennsylvania children, ages 4 to 18 years, were surveyed about their dog bite histories and attitudes toward animals. Dog bites were much more common than previously reported: 45 percent of children had been bitten during their lifetimes, and 15.5 percent had been bitten...
Facility-owned stable is the center of activity
Contributor(s):: Lawlor, A.
Animals helping people. People helping animals. Interview by Shirley A. Smoyak
Contributor(s):: Gress, K.
Volunteers, animals, and butterflies equal good therapy
Contributor(s):: Harris, M. D., Levicoff, J.
Comparison of 42 cases of canine fear-related aggression with structured clinician initiated follow-up and 25 cases with unstructured client initiated follow-up
Contributor(s):: Radosta-Huntley, L., Shofer, F., Reisner, I.
A survey was conducted of 67 cases of human-directed, canine fear-related aggression presented to the Matthew J. Ryan Veterinary Hospital at the University of Pennsylvania between 3 September 2003 and 21 September 2004 to examine the effect of two different types of follow-up. Clients either...
Attachment to pet dogs and depression in rural older adults
Contributor(s):: Miltiades, H., Shearer, J.
The purpose of this study was to learn more about the relationship between pet attachment, the ability to care for a pet, and depression in older adults. One hundred and seventeen Caucasian, older, adult dog owners in rural, south-central Pennsylvania were recruited using non-random sampling...
Modification of instinctive herding dog behavior using reinforcement and punishment
Contributor(s):: Marschark, E. D., Baenninger, R.
"Instinctive" behavior may be modified using operant techniques. We report here on a field study of training herding dogs in which reinforcers and punishers were used by owners, who were themselves being trained to control their dogs. Access to sheep was assumed to be a primary reinforcer for...
The effect of management system on mortality and other welfare indicators in Pennsylvania dairy herds
Contributor(s):: Dechow, C. D., Smith, E. A., Goodling, R. C.
The objective of this study was to identify farm characteristics that were associated with cow (Bos taurus) welfare outcomes, including mortality rate, culling by 60 days of lactation, survival to >=6 years of age and >=5th parity (aged cows), somatic cell score, milk yield, and milk composition....
PACT: a pet placement organization for the elderly living at home
Contributor(s):: Lago, D., Knight, B., Connell, C.