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  1. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  2. A comparison of space requirements of horned and hornless goats at the feed barrier and in the lying area

    Contributor(s):: Loretz, C., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R., Rusch, P.

    Loose housing of horned goats is more common than loose housing of horned cattle, and recommendations concerning the design of housing systems for horned goats are needed. In this study, we compared the behaviour of horned and hornless goats kept in deep litter pens to investigate their space...

  3. A comparison of tethering and pen confinement of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Yeon, S. C., Golden, G., Sung, W., Erb, H. N., Reynolds, A. J., Houpt, K. A.

    This study compared the general activity and specific behaviours of 30 adult Alaskan sled dogs (19 males and 11 females) on 3.5-m tethers and in 5.9-m2 pens. The investigators used activity level and stereotypical behaviour as indicators of welfare. The dogs spent most of their time inactive,...

  4. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health, comfort and...

  5. A multiple free choice model for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Mwanjali, S., Smidt, D., Ellendorff, F.

    A model which takes into consideration previous criticism of multiple free choice systems is proposed. A hexagonal housing system was constructed with 6 identical cubicles, which allowed elimination of all variables except the 1 to be investigated. Barriers could be introduced at the entrance to...

  6. A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.

    This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...

  7. A pilot investigation of Farm Assurance assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare as a confounding factor to training in pig welfare outcome measures

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of Farm Assurance (FA) assessors' attitude to farm animal welfare on the inter-observer reliability of some welfare outcome measures achieved following training was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of the incorporation of some on-farm...

  8. A study of spatial behaviour of pregnant sows housed in pens with various feeding and dung disposal systems

    Contributor(s):: Walker, N., Kilpatrick, D. J.

    96 pregnant sows, previously penned in individual stalls, were housed in groups of 4 in pens containing 3 zones: 4 individual feeding stalls without rear gates; a communal sleeping kennel; and a dunging area between the stalls and kennel. The feeding stalls were either long (2m) or short (1m)...

  9. Aggression in replacement grower and finisher gilts fed a short-term high-tryptophan diet and the effect of long-term human-animal interaction

    | Contributor(s):: Poletto, R., Meisel, R. L., Richert, B. T., Cheng, H. W., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    Aggression can be a major problem for swine production as it negatively impacts the pigs' health and welfare. Increasing tryptophan (TRP) intake to raise brain serotonin (5-HT) - key for aggression control, and long-term positive social handling can reduce stress in pigs. Objective was to...

  10. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the effect...

  11. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...

  12. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  13. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    | Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  14. Animal welfare and economic optimisation of farrowing systems. (Special Issue: Knowing animals.)

    | Contributor(s):: Ahmadi, B. V., Stott, A. W., Baxter, E. M., Lawrence, A. B., Edwards, S. A.

    In many countries, including the UK, the majority of domestic sows are housed in farrowing crates during the farrowing and lactation periods. Such systems raise welfare problems due to the close confinement of the sow. Despite the fact that many alternative housing systems have been developed, no...

  15. Application of the Welfare Quality animal welfare assessment system in Finnish pig production, Part II: Associations between animal-based and environmental measures of welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A.

    This study aimed to establish associations between the environment and animal-based measures of welfare collected on 158 Finnish farms according to the Welfare Quality systems for pigs. The data consisted of 95 welfare assessments in fattening pigs and 103 in sows, including suckling piglets....

  16. Application of the Welfare QualityReg. protocol at pig slaughterhouses

    | Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Temple, D., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study was to assess the sensitivity and feasibility of the Welfare QualityReg. (WQ) protocol for finishing pigs in 10 Spanish slaughterhouses. Sensitivity refers to the ability of the WQ assessment system to discriminate between slaughter conditions whilst feasibility...

  17. Are double bunks used by indoor wintering sheep? Testing a proposal for organic farming in Norway

    | Contributor(s):: Hansen, I., Lind, V.

    The frequency with which ewe lambs lay on wooden surfaces at two levels, called "double bunks," was documented by video recording at 6, 11 and 18 months of age: the number in each of 4 pens (n=4) lying either on double bunks (DBs) or on the expanded metal floor (EMF) was recorded. At 6 months,...

  18. Are wild animals suited to a travelling circus life?

    | Contributor(s):: Iossa, G., Soulsbury, C. D., Harris, S.

    A comprehensive synopsis of the welfare of captive, wild (ie non-domesticated) animals in travelling circuses is missing. We examined circus animal welfare and, specifically, behaviour, health, living and travelling conditions. We compared the conditions of non-domesticated animals in circuses...

  19. Availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds

    | Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Amdi, C., Herskin, M. S., Forkman, B., Jensen, M. B.

    The objective of this study was to describe the availability and use of designated hospital pens in Danish dairy herds and to analyse the association between availability and use of hospital pens and the herd-level incidence of reported disease treatments. Hospital pens were divided into either...

  20. Behavior of lambs in rest pens during long-distance transport

    | Contributor(s):: Krawczel, P. D., Friend, T. H., Archer, G. S.

    The aim of this study was to determine how one group of lambs utilized 2 consecutive rest periods in novel environments with access to food and water that occurred during 22 hr of motor transport. The 18.5+or-0.6 kg lambs (n=15) were transported for 8 hr and then unloaded for a 6-hr rest period....