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  1. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  2. Reducing mother-young separation distress by inducing ewes into oestrus at the day of weaning

    Contributor(s):: Perez-Leon, I., Orihuela, A., Lidfors, L., Aguirre, V.

  3. Social transmission of physiological and behavioural responses to castration in suckling Merino lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Colditz, I. G., Paull, D. R., Lee, C.

    In social species like sheep, social context can modify both physiological and behavioural responses to stressors and normal behavioural patterns. Presence of conspecifics can ameliorate responses to noxious stimuli, an effect termed social buffering, whereas the presence of a distressed...

  4. The effect of housing system on the behaviour and growth parameters of fattening rabbits

    | Contributor(s):: Postollec, G., Boilletot, E., Maurice, R., Michel, V.

  5. Human-animal interactions and animal welfare in conventionally and pen-housed rats

    | Contributor(s):: Augustsson, H., Lindberg, L., Hoglund, A. U., Dahlborn, K.

    The main aim of the present study was to explore the significance of large group/greater pen housing (PH) versus standard Makrolon caging (ST) in three behaviour tests related to human-animal interactions in the adult male laboratory rat. The rats' perception of human interaction was tested in...

  6. Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning

    | Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...

  7. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  8. Behaviour of growing lambs housed on straw or woodchip bedding materials and their preference for floor type

    | Contributor(s):: Wolf, B. T., Molloy, H. R. B., Trayte, M. J., Rose, M. T.

    Straw is widely used as a bedding material for housed sheep, but alternatives are needed in regions where straw is expensive or in short supply. The aim of this work was to compare time budgets, growth and food intake of growing, finishing lambs housed on either woodchip or straw bedding...

  9. Development with age of nest box use and gregarious nesting in laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B.

    Use of nest boxes is an important part of the behavioural repertoire of laying hens kept under commercial conditions. A special form of nest box use is gregarious nesting, which occurs when a hen given the choice between an occupied and an unoccupied nest site chooses the occupied nest site....

  10. Domestic pigs alter their social strategy in response to social group size

    | Contributor(s):: Samarakone, T. S., Gonyou, H. W.

    In a series of studies, we investigated the concept that domesticated pigs may adopt cost efficient social strategies, in which individuals become less aggressive due to a higher number of potential competitors, in large social groups. Six blocks, each comprising four pens of 18 pigs (small...

  11. Effect of a synthetic plate in the lying area on lying behaviour, degree of fouling and skin lesions at the leg joints of finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Savary, P., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

    Flooring type may have a major influence on thermoregulatory behaviour in finishing pigs, as well as on the occurrence of skin lesions at their leg joints and pen fouling. In this study, we compared the lying behaviour, pen fouling and the occurrence of leg lesions in finishing pigs kept in...

  12. Effect of a warm and flexible piglet nest heating system - the warm water bed - on piglet behaviour, live weight management and skin lesions

    | Contributor(s):: Ziron, M., Hoy, St

    The aim of this investigation was to develop and test a new heating system for young piglets. Video observations were recorded, once a week over a 24-h period, with the help of an infrared video technique. The recordings were analysed to determine how long the piglets would remain in the nest...

  13. Effect of cage height on the welfare of growing rabbits

    | Contributor(s):: Princz, Z., Radnai, I., Biro-Nemeth, E., Matics, Z., Gerencser, Z., Nagy, I., Szendro, Z.

    The objective of this study was to analyse the preference of rabbits for cages of various heights, their production and occurrence of ear lesions. Experiments were conducted at the University of Kaposvar with Pannon White rabbits. In experiments 1 and 2 (preference test) growing rabbits (n=112) -...

  14. Effects of early contact between non-littermate piglets and of the complexity of farrowing conditions on social behaviour and weight gain

    | Contributor(s):: Kutzer, T., Bunger, B., Kjaer, J. B., Schrader, L.

    In this study we tested if contact possibilities between non-littermate piglets and complexity of farrowing conditions affect the pre- and post-weaning behaviour, weight gain and skin lesions of piglets. Suckling sows were either kept in a group housing system (GH), in a single pen loose housing...

  15. Effects of exposing pigs to moving and odors in a simulated slaughter chute

    | Contributor(s):: Krebs, N., McGlone, J. J.

    Pigs in the finishing stage are infrequently handled and can be difficult to handle when experiencing novel situations. This study sought to determine the effects of minimal training and a novel odor/taste reward on the ease of handling finishing pigs in a novel environment. Pigs were assigned to...

  16. Effects of straw bedding and high fibre diets on the behaviour of floor fed group-housed sows

    | Contributor(s):: Whittaker, X., Edwards, S. A., Spoolder, H. A. M., Lawrence, A. B., Corning, S.

    Twenty groups of 7 multiparous Landrace x Large White sows were used in a 2 x 2 factorial design to investigate the effects on behaviour of floor feeding sows the same daily weight of isoenergetic conventional (C) or high fibre (H containing 600 g of unmolassed sugar beet pulp/kg diet) pregnancy...

  17. Experience of moderate bedding affects behaviour of growing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Peltoniemi, O. A. T., Heinonen, M., Halli, O., Karhapaa, M., Valros, A.

    Effects of early substrate-enrichment on behaviour and productivity of pigs were evaluated in a trial with four siblings as the experimental unit. Pens either were (=E) or were not (=0) moderately bedded with wood shavings and chopped straw during suckling (0-4 weeks of age), nursery (5-9 weeks)...

  18. Feather eating in layer pullets and its possible role in the aetiology of feather pecking damage

    | Contributor(s):: McKeegan, D. E. F., Savory, C. J.

    Feather eating and its possible relationship with damaging pecking was examined in 144 pen-housed ISA Brown layer pullets. Collection and measurement of loose feathers in sample plots on 12 pen floors (feather were characterized as 'short' or 'long'), and examination of faecal droppings (eaten...

  19. Influence of different types of environmental enrichment on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems: 3. Hanging toy versus rootable toy of the same material

    | Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.

    This study aimed to assess the effects of (1) environmental enrichment with either straw bedding or a plastic toy and (2) the way in which the plastic toy was presented on the behaviour of finishing pigs in two different housing systems. One thousand and twenty four (Large White x Landrace) x...

  20. Interdependence of welfare outcome measures and potential confounding factors on finishing pig farms

    | Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The factors influencing the observed prevalence of some welfare outcome measures were investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40 kg) on six farms...