Behavioural reactivity of two lines of South African Merino sheep divergently selected for reproductive potential
Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Cloete, J. J. E., Kruger, A. C. M., Cloete, Schalk W. P.
Performing Whale-Watching in Juneau, Alaska
| Contributor(s):: Chelsea Karthauser
Nature-based tourism activities provide special contexts for human-wildlife interaction. In Juneau, Alaska, summertime tourists seek encounters with humpback whales, hundreds of which feed seasonally in Southeast Alaska’s coastal waterways. Tourists support a thriving whale-watching...
A multifactorial evaluation of different reproductive rhythms and housing systems for improving welfare in rabbit does
| Contributor(s):: Munari, Chiara, Ponzio, Patrizia, Macchi, Elisabetta, Elkhawagah, Ahmed R., Tarantola, Martina, Ponti, Giovanna, Mugnai, Cecilia
The most widespread reproductive rhythm practiced in rabbit farming is based on artificial insemination (AI) performed at around 11 days pospartum. This approach results in high production rates, but requires high yearly replacement of animals that cannot sustain the enormous energy demand....
Provisioning of live black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens) benefits broiler activity and leg health in a frequency- and dose-dependent manner
| Contributor(s):: Ipema, Allyson F., Gerrits, Walter J. J., Bokkers, Eddie A. M., Kemp, Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
Fast-growing broilers spend most their time inactive and are therefore prone to experience leg problems. Environmental enrichment that facilitates intrinsically motivated behaviours can potentially promote activity and reduce leg problems, thereby improving broiler welfare. A promising...
You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance
| Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray
Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...
Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks
| Contributor(s):: Muvhali, P. T., Bonato, M., Engelbrecht, A., Malecki, I. A., Cloete, S. W. P.
Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems
| Contributor(s):: Liu, Hong-gui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, Yun-qing, Zhang, Jun-ling, Bao, Jun
When sows and their litters are kept outdoors, the maternal ability, including maternal behavior, is very important for piglet health and survival. The aim of this study was to compare part of maternal behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two different conventionally bred Min pig...
Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training
| Contributor(s):: König von Borstel, Uta, Pasing, Stephanie, Gauly, Matthias
Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...
Repeatability and reliability of scores from ridden temperament tests conducted during performance tests
| Contributor(s):: König v. Borstel, Uta, Pirsich, Wiebke, Gauly, Matthias, Bruns, Erich
Current scores for equine personality traits assessed during performance tests are characterised by high means and inadequate variation, hampering genetic selection for these traits. A number of temperament and related behaviour tests have been developed in order to make assessment of equine...
Peat as environmental enrichment for piglets: The effect on behaviour, skin lesions and production results
| Contributor(s):: Vanheukelom, Valerie, Driessen, Bert, Maenhout, Daniël, Geers, Rony
The aim of this study was to examine whether the provision of small amounts of peat to piglets would influence behaviour and production. At approximately 5 days of age, nine litters received a tray of peat as enrichment, while nine others did not. All piglets had access to solid feed, which was...
Are the effects of enrichment due to the presence of multiple items or a particular item in the cages of laboratory rat?
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A.
Although the effects of environmental enrichment on laboratory rodents have been extensively described, it is not yet known whether these effects were simply due to the presence of multiple items in the cage or due solely to the presence of a particular item. This experiment was therefore carried...
An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease
| Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...
Cocreating guide dog partnerships: dog training and interdependence in 1930s America
| Contributor(s):: Pemberton, N.
Artificial rearing affects piglets pre-weaning behaviour, welfare and growth performance
| Contributor(s):: Schmitt, Océane, O'Driscoll, Keelin, Boyle, Laura A., Baxter, Emma M.
One strategy adopted on farms to deal with managing large litters involves removing piglets from their mothers at seven days old to be reared in specialised accommodation with milk replacer. Effects on piglet behaviour, growth and some aspects of welfare were evaluated in this study by comparing...
Hiding walls for fattening pigs: Do they affect behavior and performance?
| Contributor(s):: Bulens, Anneleen, Van Beirendonck, Sanne, Van Thielen, Jos, Buys, Nadine, Driessen, Bert
The prevalence of harmful and unwanted behavior in fattening pigs is influenced by different factors including housing. Housing may include the opportunity to hide from aggressive pen mates and this ability is related to pen design and shape. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of...
The importance of learning theory and equitation science to the veterinarian
| Contributor(s):: Doherty, Orla, McGreevy, Paul D., Pearson, Gemma
The work of veterinarians when handling horses exposes them to high risk of injury. Among equine practitioners, the incidences of work-related injuries and work days lost due to injury are high. Equine veterinary practitioners’ knowledge of learning theory and equitation science is minimal....
Relationships between personality of human–dog dyads and performances in working tasks
| Contributor(s):: Hoummady, Sara, Péron, Franck, Grandjean, Dominique, Cléro, Delphine, Bernard, Barbara, Titeux, Emmanuelle, Desquilbet, Loïc, Gilbert, Caroline
Improving operational performances of working dog–human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...
Automated real-time stress monitoring of police horses using wearable technology
| Contributor(s):: Norton, Tomas, Piette, Deborah, Exadaktylos, Vasileios, Berckmans, Daniel
Mounted police horses and riders are repeatedly subjected to demanding and stressful situations. Intensive selection and training of police horses is required to ensure performance, safety and welfare of the horses and their riders. At the mounted police in Brussels, Belgium, the selection of...
Behaviour of gilts before and at parturition after intensified human-animal contact, training to be driven, or exposure to a farrowing pen
| Contributor(s):: Brötje, Anska, Gygax, Lorenz, Hillmann, Edna, Wechsler, Beat
During rearing and until first insemination, housing conditions of gilts are relatively constant and the few human-animal interactions negative. Around first parturition, however, gilts experience intensified contact with stockpersons and are subjected to new management procedures such as being...
Performativity and a microbe: Exploring Mycobacterium bovis and the political ecologies of bovine tuberculosis
| Contributor(s):: Robinson, Philip A.