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  1. You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...

  2. Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks

    | Contributor(s):: Muvhali, P. T., Bonato, M., Engelbrecht, A., Malecki, I. A., Cloete, S. W. P.

  3. Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Hong-gui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, Yun-qing, Zhang, Jun-ling, Bao, Jun

    When sows and their litters are kept outdoors, the maternal ability, including maternal behavior, is very important for piglet health and survival. The aim of this study was to compare part of maternal behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two different conventionally bred Min pig...

  4. Peat as environmental enrichment for piglets: The effect on behaviour, skin lesions and production results

    | Contributor(s):: Vanheukelom, Valerie, Driessen, Bert, Maenhout, Daniël, Geers, Rony

    The aim of this study was to examine whether the provision of small amounts of peat to piglets would influence behaviour and production. At approximately 5 days of age, nine litters received a tray of peat as enrichment, while nine others did not. All piglets had access to solid feed, which was...

  5. Are the effects of enrichment due to the presence of multiple items or a particular item in the cages of laboratory rat?

    | Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, Usama A.

    Although the effects of environmental enrichment on laboratory rodents have been extensively described, it is not yet known whether these effects were simply due to the presence of multiple items in the cage or due solely to the presence of a particular item. This experiment was therefore carried...

  6. Cocreating guide dog partnerships: dog training and interdependence in 1930s America

    | Contributor(s):: Pemberton, N.

  7. Artificial rearing affects piglets pre-weaning behaviour, welfare and growth performance

    | Contributor(s):: Schmitt, Océane, O'Driscoll, Keelin, Boyle, Laura A., Baxter, Emma M.

    One strategy adopted on farms to deal with managing large litters involves removing piglets from their mothers at seven days old to be reared in specialised accommodation with milk replacer. Effects on piglet behaviour, growth and some aspects of welfare were evaluated in this study by comparing...

  8. Hiding walls for fattening pigs: Do they affect behavior and performance?

    | Contributor(s):: Bulens, Anneleen, Van Beirendonck, Sanne, Van Thielen, Jos, Buys, Nadine, Driessen, Bert

    The prevalence of harmful and unwanted behavior in fattening pigs is influenced by different factors including housing. Housing may include the opportunity to hide from aggressive pen mates and this ability is related to pen design and shape. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of...

  9. The importance of learning theory and equitation science to the veterinarian

    | Contributor(s):: Doherty, Orla, McGreevy, Paul D., Pearson, Gemma

    The work of veterinarians when handling horses exposes them to high risk of injury. Among equine practitioners, the incidences of work-related injuries and work days lost due to injury are high. Equine veterinary practitioners’ knowledge of learning theory and equitation science is minimal....

  10. Relationships between personality of human–dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    | Contributor(s):: Hoummady, Sara, Péron, Franck, Grandjean, Dominique, Cléro, Delphine, Bernard, Barbara, Titeux, Emmanuelle, Desquilbet, Loïc, Gilbert, Caroline

    Improving operational performances of working dog–human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...

  11. Automated real-time stress monitoring of police horses using wearable technology

    | Contributor(s):: Norton, Tomas, Piette, Deborah, Exadaktylos, Vasileios, Berckmans, Daniel

    Mounted police horses and riders are repeatedly subjected to demanding and stressful situations. Intensive selection and training of police horses is required to ensure performance, safety and welfare of the horses and their riders. At the mounted police in Brussels, Belgium, the selection of...

  12. Behaviour of gilts before and at parturition after intensified human-animal contact, training to be driven, or exposure to a farrowing pen

    | Contributor(s):: Brötje, Anska, Gygax, Lorenz, Hillmann, Edna, Wechsler, Beat

    During rearing and until first insemination, housing conditions of gilts are relatively constant and the few human-animal interactions negative. Around first parturition, however, gilts experience intensified contact with stockpersons and are subjected to new management procedures such as being...

  13. The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristopher Poole

    The growing popularity of relational approaches to agency amongst archaeologists has led to increased attention on the specific contexts of interaction between humans and their material worlds. Within such viewpoints, non-humans are perceived as agents in their own right and placed on an equal...

  14. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  15. Practice makes perfect? Skillful performances in veterinary work

    | Contributor(s):: Clarke, Caroline A., Knights, David

  16. Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz

    Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...

  17. Runne-Beana: dog herds ethnographer

    | Contributor(s):: Anderson, M.

    Saami society in Lapland (now often called Saapmi), particularly the seasonally-nomadic reindeer-breeding sector, is predicated upon mobility and autonomy of its actors. Runne-Beana, a talented reindeer-herding dog, exhibited both mobility and autonomy when allocating to himself a peripatetic...

  18. Its a Dog's Life: Contemplating the Human-Animal Relationship through Dog Adoption Narratives

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole Silvestrini

    Dog adoption is a popular way for people to find pets in the United States. With dog adoption comes dog adoption narratives, ideologically about the dog, told by humans for humans. Dog adoption narratives, a genre of personal experience narrative, enact a series of formalized conventions that...

  19. Speed index in the racing quarter horse: a genome-wide association study

    | Contributor(s):: Camila Tangari Meira, Marina R. S. Fortes, Michel Marques Farah, Laercio R. Porto-Neto, Matthew Kelly, Stephen S. Moore, Guilherme L. Pereira, Luis Artur Loyola Chardulo, Rogerio Abdallah Curi

    The racing line of Quarter Horses is characterized by great sprinting speed over short distances on straight tracks. To perform selection on racing horses, the speed index (SI) and conformation traits are often used. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) on 112 racing Quarter Horses was...

  20. Captive Elephants in Circuses

    | Contributor(s):: Varma Varma, S.R. Sujata, Suparna Ganguly, Shiela Rao

    Circuses have a long history of using performing animals, both wild and domesticated. The animals are trained or conditioned to exhibit specific behaviours with no option to do otherwise. This report is based on the observation of 31 elephants belonging to a sample of seven circuses (out of 15...