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  1. Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  2. Innate preference for native prey and personality implications in captive amur tigers

    Contributor(s):: Wang, Qi, Liu, Dan, Holyoak, Marcel, Jia, Teng, Yang, Shengfan, Liu, Xifeng, Kong, Xuanmin, Jiang, Guangshun

    Prey recognition is vital for predation and the survival of carnivores. In theory, carnivores recognize prey by instinct or learning. However, the instinct hypothesis has little support. In addition, it remains unknown if prey recognition capability correlates with personality. Here, we test if...

  3. Is personality of young fish consistent through different behavioural tests?

    Contributor(s):: Colchen, Tatiana, Faux, Elodie, Teletchea, Fabrice, Pasquet, Alain

    Most studies carried out on personality recognized that personality is defined by behavioural traits consistent through time and/or contexts. In fish, most studies on personality were performed either on juveniles (aged between 6months and 1year) or adults, but very few focused on the early life...

  4. The backtest in pigs revisited—Inter-situational behaviour and animal classification

    Contributor(s):: Zebunke, Manuela, Nürnberg, Gerd, Melzer, Nina, Puppe, Birger

    Since the introduction of the backtest for the early detection of coping strategies in piglets by Hessing in the 1990s, this behavioural test has been intensively investigated with ambiguous results. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency might be the different classification...

  5. Chimpanzees with positive welfare are happier, extraverted, and emotionally stable

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Altschul, Drew M., Wallace, Emma K., Úbeda, Yulán, Llorente, Miquel, Machanda, Zarin, Slocombe, Katie E., Leach, Matthew C., Waran, Natalie K., Weiss, Alexander

    Facilities housing captive animals are full of staff who, every day, interact with the animals under their care. The expertise and familiarity of staff can be used to monitor animal welfare by means of questionnaires. It was the goal of our study to examine the association between chimpanzee (Pan...

  6. The association between infrared thermal imagery of core eye temperature, personality, age and housing in cats

    Contributor(s):: Foster, Shannon, Ijichi, Carrie

    Understanding individual responses to stress is a key aspect of maintaining optimal animal welfare. This is especially important where animals are being kept in sub-optimal environments or where the species may not clearly demonstrate stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate...

  7. Comparing two canine personality assessments: Convergence of the MCPQ-R and DPQ and consensus between dog owners and dog walkers

    Contributor(s):: Posluns, Julie A., Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.

    Despite the number of emerging questionnaire-based canine personality assessments, there is still no consensus on the content and number of broad personality dimensions in domestic dogs. In the current study, we compared two canine personality questionnaires: The Monash Canine Personality...

  8. Self-feeding behaviour and personality traits in tilapia: A comparative study between Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon melanotheron

    Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Akian, Djétouan Dieudonné, Ramos, Mathieu, Ferrari, Sébastien, Yao, Kouakou, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Hybridization aims at combining valuable traits from two species into a single group. Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (NT) and Black-chinned tilapia Sarotherodon melanotheron (BCT) are respectively characterized by fast growth and water salinity tolerance which attract the breeders who could...

  9. Personality predicts the responses to environmental enrichment at the group but not within-groups in stereotypic African striped mice, Rhabdomys dilectus

    Contributor(s):: Joshi, Sneha, Pillay, Neville

    Environmental enrichment is used to enhance the well-being of captive animals and to prevent or reduce stereotypic and other abnormal behaviours. However, environmental enrichment does not always succeed in its intended purpose. We investigated whether personality (i.e. consistent individual...

  10. Happiness is positive welfare in brown capuchins (Sapajus apella)

    Contributor(s):: Robinson, Lauren M., Waran, Natalie K., Leach, Matthew C., Morton, F. Blake, Paukner, Annika, Lonsdorf, Elizabeth, Handel, Ian, Wilson, Vanessa A. D., Brosnan, Sarah F., Weiss, Alexander

    Questionnaires that allow people who are familiar with individual animals to rate the welfare of these animals are an underutilised tool. We designed a 12-item welfare questionnaire and tested its reliability and associations with subjective well-being (SWB), locomotor stereotypy, and personality...

  11. Behaviour of proactive and reactive tilapia Oreochromis niloticus in a T-maze

    Contributor(s):: Mesquita, Flávia O., Torres, Isabela F. A., Luz, Ronald K.

    Knowing that individuals with different coping strategies can exhibit different behaviours in associative learning, we evaluated the learning capacity of proactive and reactive tilapia fish. Trained and untrained, proactive and reactive, tilapia were subjected to a T-maze and their behaviour...

  12. Individual and group level trajectories of behavioural development in Border collies

    Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Müller, Corsin, Virányi, Zsófia, Huber, Ludwig, Range, Friederike

    In order to assess dogs’ personality changes during ontogeny, a cohort of 69 Border collies was followed up from six to 18–24 months. When the dogs were 6, 12, and 18–24 months old, their owners repeatedly filled in a dog personality questionnaire (DPQ), which yielded five personality factors...

  13. Unpredictability in food supply during early life influences growth and boldness in European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax

    Contributor(s):: Sébastien, Ferrari, Leguay, Didier, Vergnet, Alain, Vidal, Marie-Odile, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Biological variability is no longer considered as statistical noise, but rather as an adaptive benefit. This variability comes from consistent differences in behavioral and physiological responses among individuals to a changing/challenging environment, named “coping style”, “temperament” or...

  14. A desired profile of horse personality – A survey study of Polish equestrians based on a new approach to equine temperament and character

    Contributor(s):: Suwała, Mira, Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Walczak, Marta, Ensminger, John, Jezierski, Tadeusz

    Equine behaviour is crucial for all kinds of equestrian activities, and therefore behavioural traits are considered as selection criteria in horse breeding programs in many countries. Since neither a desired profile of equine personality for particular riding disciplines nor detailed preferences...

  15. Use of a maze test to assess spatial learning and memory in cattle: Can cattle traverse a complex maze?

    Contributor(s):: Hirata, Masahiko, Tomita, Chihiro, Yamada, Karin

    Maze tests were conducted to assess spatial learning and memory in Japanese Black cows (Bos taurus). The test arena (14×14m) was designed so that it could contain no maze or one of four different mazes of increasing complexity (L1–L4 mazes), with a food reward at the opposite end of the release...

  16. Comparing the predictive validity of behavioral codings and behavioral ratings in a working-dog breeding program

    Contributor(s):: McGarrity, Monica E., Sinn, David L., Thomas, Scott G., Marti, C. Nathan, Gosling, Samuel D.

    Most working-dog breeding programs have a substantial interest in using behavioral assessments of their young dogs to predict their subsequent success. Different methods of measuring behavior may capture different aspects of behavior yet working-dog programs typically use only a single...

  17. Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank

    Contributor(s):: Wergård, Eva-Marie, Westlund, Karolina, Spångberg, Mats, Fredlund, Helene, Forkman, Björn

    Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...

  18. Relationships between personality of human–dog dyads and performances in working tasks

    Contributor(s):: Hoummady, Sara, Péron, Franck, Grandjean, Dominique, Cléro, Delphine, Bernard, Barbara, Titeux, Emmanuelle, Desquilbet, Loïc, Gilbert, Caroline

    Improving operational performances of working dog–human dyads is receiving more and more attention. Despite this interest, the associations between human personality, dog personality, dog-human personality matching and dyad performances have rarely been addressed. This study explores the links...

  19. Reactions of sheep towards three sets of emotional stimuli: (In)Consistency in respect to stimulus valence and sheep identity

    Contributor(s):: Gygax, Lorenz, Vögeli, Sabine

    There is an increasing interest in affective states in applied animal behaviour science, because these states are thought to reflect welfare from the perspective of the animals. Also, it can be expected that individuals differ in how they consistently react to emotional challenges. Recently, we...

  20. The effects of positive human contact by tactile stimulation on dairy cows with different personalities

    Contributor(s):: Shahin, Munira

    The understanding of the ways in which cows with different personalities perceive human contact is essential for improving the quality of the human-animal relationship and therefore the welfare of dairy cows. The general objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of tactile stimulation...