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  1. Predicting Dysfunctional Human–Dog Dyads

    Contributor(s):: Canejo-Teixeira, Rute, Almiro, Pedro Armelim, Baptista, Luís V., Niza, Maria Manuela Grave Rodeia Espada

    Human–dog dyads represent a mutually beneficial partner- ship with a 16,000-year-old history. However, when this relationship becomes dysfunctional the consequences for the human, dog, and society at large can be severe. Canine members of dysfunctional dyads often display problem behaviors, such...

  2. Does training style affect the human-horse relationship? Asking the horse in a separation–reunion experiment with the owner and a stranger

    Contributor(s):: Lundberg, Paulina, Hartmann, Elke, Roth, Lina S. V.

    Humans have shared a long history with horses and today we mainly consider horses as companions for sports and leisure activities. Previously, the human perspective of the human-horse relationship has been investigated but there has been little focus on the horse’s perspective. This study aimed...

  3. A consideration of the role of biology and test design as confounding factors in judgement bias tests

    Contributor(s):: Whittaker, Alexandra L., Barker, Timothy H.

    The assessment of positive emotional states in animals has been advanced considerably through the use of judgement bias testing. JBT methods have now been reported in a range of species. Generally, these tests show good validity as ascertained through use of corroborating methods of affective...

  4. Palatability assessment in horses in relation to lateralization and temperament

    Contributor(s):: Vinassa, Marica, Cavallini, Damiano, Galaverna, Davide, Baragli, Paolo, Raspa, Federica, Nery, Joana, Valle, Emanuela

    Compared with other domestic animals, little is known about dietary preferences and feed palatability in equids. Furthermore, it is known that equids exhibit marked lateralization, that is, a preference for one side over the other, and that each individual differs in temperament. However, a gap...

  5. Development and consistency of fearfulness in horses from foal to adult

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Beblein, Carina, Malmkvist, Jens

    Understanding the development and consistency of behavioural responses across life stages is of both fundamental and applied interest. In horses, fearfulness is particularly important because fear reactions are a major cause of human-horse accidents, and because fear is a negative emotional state...

  6. Long-term stress levels are synchronized in dogs and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Sundman, A. S., Van Poucke, E., Svensson Holm, A. C., Faresjö, Å, Theodorsson, E., Jensen, P., Roth, L. S. V.

  7. Temperament in Domestic Cats: A Review of Proximate Mechanisms, Methods of Assessment, Its Effects on Human-Cat Relationships, and One Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Travnik, I. C., Machado, D. S., Gonçalves, L. D. S., Ceballos, M. C., Sant'Anna, A. C.

  8. Attitudes to Animals in Cyprus and the UK: Associations with Personality, Delinquency, and Morality

    Contributor(s):: Zalaf, Alexia, Egan, Vincent

    The study aim was to investigate the associations between personality factors, attitudes to animals, moral values, and delinquent behaviors, and to examine the moderating effects of gender, age, and country of origin on these associations. This was a cross-cultural comparison of residents of...

  9. Exploring the Effects of Pet Preference, Presence, and Personality on Depression Symptoms

    Contributor(s):: Puskey, Jasmine L., Coy, Anthony E.

    Pets live in nearly two-thirds of US households and are thought to increase wellbeing. However, previous research is mixed regarding the extent to which pets actually provide benefits. One understudied factor that may help clarify these findings is pet preference, or the extent to which a person...

  10. New Zealand Pet Owners’ Demographic Characteristics, Personality, and Health and Wellbeing: More Than Just a Fluff Piece

    Contributor(s):: Fraser, Gloria, Huang, Yanshu, Robinson, Kealagh, Wilson, Marc S., Bulbulia, Joseph, Sibley, Chris G.

    Although the relationship between pet ownership and health and wellbeing has received considerable attention in popular media, research on the topic shows inconsistent findings. We addressed the methodological weaknesses of previous studies by using data from a national probability survey (the...

  11. The Relationship Between Neuroticism Facets, Conscientiousness, and Human Attachment to Pet Cats

    Contributor(s):: Reevy, Gretchen M., Delgado, Mikel M.

    Gaining knowledge about the diverse correlates of human–pet attachment will help us better understand the nature of this bond. Previous research found that the personality dimensions of neuroticism and conscientiousness positively predicted human attachment to multiple types of pets. To address a...

  12. Stability of Owners’ Perceptions of the Behavioral Style of Their Cats

    Contributor(s):: Elvers, Greg C., Lawriw, Alexander N., Chambers, Taylor N.

    In humans, personality is relatively stable across the adult life- span and various situations. Can the same be said of the personality of cats? Primary caregivers of cats thought about their cats in four situations: 1) home alone with the cat, 2) an unknown plumber arrives, 3) during a...

  13. Seizure-alerting behavior in dogs owned by people experiencing seizures

    Contributor(s):: Martos Martinez-Caja, A., De Herdt, V., Boon, P., Brandl, U., Cock, H., Parra, J., Perucca, E., Thadani, V., Moons, C. P. H.

  14. Not the Cat's Meow? The Impact of Posing with Cats on Female Perceptions of Male Dateability

    Contributor(s):: Kogan, L., Volsche, S.

  15. Temperament in Captivity, Environmental Enrichment, Flight Ability, and Response to Humans in an Endangered Parrot Species

    Contributor(s):: Ramos, G. A. P., Azevedo, C. S., Jardim, T. H. A., Sant'Anna, A. C.

    Temperament assessment is useful in reintroduction programs. Reactivity to humans and flight ability are also important behavioral aspects for captive parrots candidates to reintroduction. The study aimed: a) to evaluate if behavioral responses to environmental enrichment differ as a function of...

  16. Zoo Animal Welfare: The Human Dimension

    Contributor(s):: Cole, Justine, Fraser, David

    Standards and policies intended to safeguard nonhuman animal welfare, whether in zoos, farms, or laboratories, have tended to emphasize features of the physical environment. However, research has now made it clear that very different welfare outcomes are commonly seen in facilities using similar...

  17. Comparison of Subjective Well-Being and Personality Assessments in the Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), and African Lion (Panthera leo)

    Contributor(s):: Gartner, Marieke Cassia, Powell, David M., Weiss, Alexander

    The study of subjective well-being in nonhuman animals is growing in the field of psychology, but there are still only a few published studies and the focus is on primates. To consider whether the construct of subjective well-being could be found in another mammal, this study aimed to assess...

  18. The Behavioral Style of the Cat Predicts Owner Satisfaction

    Contributor(s):: Elvers, Greg C., Lawriw, Alexander N.

    A 9-item, reliable measure of owner satisfaction with their cat, the CatSat, was developed. Item response analysis indicated that the CatSat discriminates lower levels of satisfaction better than higher levels. Correlations between the CatSat and a measure of attachment to the cat (Lexington...

  19. Cyprus versus UK: Cultural Differences of Attitudes toward Animals Based on Personality and Sensational Interests

    Contributor(s):: Zalaf, Alexia, Egan, Vincent

    The aim of the present study was to see if positive attitudes toward animals can be predicted by the personality traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness, and whether higher levels of militaristic interests may lead to less positive attitudes. Militarism was expected to be predicted by lower...

  20. Anthropomorphizing Dogs: Projecting One's Own Personality and Consequences for Supporting Animal Rights

    Contributor(s):: Brown, Christina M., McLean, Julia L.

    The purpose of this paper was twofold: First, to test if people project their own personality traits onto dogs, and second, to examine if considering the psychological state of dogs increases support for animal rights more broadly. In studies 1 and 2, participants read descriptions of dog...