The Intersection of Aging and Pet Guardianship: Influences of Health and Social Support
| Contributor(s):: Ranell L. Mueller, Elizabeth G. Hunter
Studies of the human-animal bond show many positive health effects for pet guardians including a sense of companionship, reduced depression and loneliness, and higher activity levels, yet few studies have examined factors such as how the pet guardians’ health, age, and social networks...
Companion Animals and Health in Older Populations: A Systematic Review
| Contributor(s):: Hughes, M. J., Verreynne, M. L., Harpur, P., Pachana, N. A.
Perceptions on Health Benefits of Guide Dog Ownership in an Austrian Population of Blind People with and without a Guide Dog
| Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Pribylova, L., Stetina, B. U., Demirel, S., Weissenbacher, K.
Companion Animal Ownership and Human Well-Being in a Metropolis-The Case of Hong Kong
| Contributor(s):: Wong, P. W. C., Yu, R. W. M., Ngai, J. T. K.
Pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children in Tianjin area, China
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| Contributor(s):: Shugang Luo, Yuexia Sun, Jing Hou, Xiangrui Kong, Pan Wang, Qingnan Zhang, Jan Sundell
This study aims to find out the relationship between pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children aged 0–8 years old in Tianjin, China. Parental or guardians reports of 7360 children were analyzed. 1490 (21.6%) families kept pets at the time of the survey (current),...
Grieving the Loss of a Pet Needs the Health System Recognition
| Contributor(s):: Bidhu K. Mohanti
Globally there is increased presence of pets in the households. This non-human relationship, with its dimensions of physical and emotional bonds, can get severely jolted on the death of the companion animal. It sets a feeling, ‘our life is now left with a void and the house feels utterly...
Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners
| Contributor(s):: Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner
Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...
Potential Role of Pet Cats As a Sentinel Species for Human Exposure to Flame Retardants
| Contributor(s):: Luis A. Henríquez-Hernández, Elena Carretón, María Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Luis D. Boada, Verónica Bernal Martín, Yaiza Falcón Cordón, Soraya Falcón Cordón, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P. Luzardo
Flame retardants are a wide group of chemicals used by the industry to avoid combustion of materials. These substances are commonly found in plastics, electronic equipment, fabrics, and in many other everyday articles. Subsequently, ubiquitous environmental contamination by these common chemical...
Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology
| Contributor(s):: Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz
Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
| Contributor(s):: Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity
| Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley
Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...
Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain
| Contributor(s):: J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned...
Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England
Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...
The Role of Dog Population Management in Rabies Elimination—A Review of Current Approaches and Future Opportunities
| Contributor(s):: Louise H. Taylor, Ryan M. Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M. Lindenmayer, Douglas C. Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H. Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of...
Feline Obesity in Veterinary Medicine: Insights from a Thematic Analysis of Communication in Practice
| Contributor(s):: Alexandra M. Phillips, Jason B. Coe, Melanie J. Rock, Cindy L. Adams
Feline obesity has become a common disease and important animal welfare issue. Little is known about how, or how often, veterinarians and feline-owning clients are addressing obesity during clinical appointments. The purpose of this qualitative study was to characterize verbal and non-verbal...
Evaluating Checklist Use in Companion Animal Wellness Visits in a Veterinary Teaching Hospital: A Preliminary Study
| Contributor(s):: Michael T. Nappier, Virginia K. Corrigan, Lara E. Bartl-Wilson, Mark Freeman, Stephen Werre, Eric Tempel
The number of companion animal wellness visits in private practice has been decreasing, and one important factor cited is the lack of effective communication between veterinarians and pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. Checklists have been widely used in many fields and are...
Household Food Items Toxic to Dogs and Cats
| Contributor(s):: Cristina Cortinovis, Francesca Caloni
Several foods that are perfectly suitable for human consumption can be toxic to dogs and cats. Food-associated poisoning cases involving the accidental ingestion of chocolate and chocolate-based products, Allium spp. (onion, garlic, leek, and chives), macadamia nuts, Vitis...
Editorial: Towards Elimination of Dog Mediated Human Rabies
| Contributor(s):: Salome Dürr, Anna S. Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H. Taylor
Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease with a high impact on human and animal health. The disease is almost 100% fatal after clinical signs appear and kills tens of thousands of people per year worldwide. About 99% of infections in humans are caused by rabid domestic dog bites. Human disease is...
Assessing the Risk of a Canine Rabies Incursion in Northern Australia
| Contributor(s):: Emily G. Hudson, Victoria J. Brookes, Michael P. Ward
Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies...