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  1. Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno

    Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...

  2. Canine and Feline Parvoviruses Can Use Human or Feline Transferrin Receptors To Bind, Enter, and Infect Cells

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John SL Parker, William J Murphy, Dai Wang, Stephen J O'Brien, Colin R Parrish

    Canine parvovirus (CPV) enters and infects cells by a dynamin-dependent, clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway, and viral capsids colocalize with transferrin in perinuclear vesicles of cells shortly after entry (J. S. L. Parker and C. R. Parrish, J. Virol. 74:1919–1930, 2000). Here we...

  3. Association of Dog and Cat Ownership with Incident Frailty among Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese

    | Contributor(s):: Taniguchi, Y., Seino, S., Nishi, M., Tomine, Y., Tanaka, I., Yokoyama, Y., Ikeuchi, T., Kitamura, A., Shinkai, S.

  4. Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina E. Holland

    Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not...

  5. The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan

    Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....

  6. The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills

    Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...

  7. Parallels in the interactive effect of highly sensitive personality and social factors on behaviour problems in dogs and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Bräm Dubé, M., Asher, L., Würbel, H., Riemer, S., Melotti, L.

  8. Dogs and Their Owners Have Frequent and Intensive Contact

    | Contributor(s):: Joosten, P., Van Cleven, A., Sarrazin, S., Paepe, D., De Sutter, A., Dewulf, J.

  9. Canine Endogenous Oxytocin Responses to Dog-Walking and Affiliative Human–Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Adrian Bauman, Adam J. Guastella, Bradley Drayton, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul McGreevy

    Several studies suggest human–dog interactions elicit a positive effect on canine oxytocin concentrations. However, empirical investigations are scant and the joint influence of human–dog interaction and physical activity remains unexplored. The aims of the current study were to (a)...

  10. Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman

    The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...

  11. Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello

    Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...

  12. Association between Pet Ownership and Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Miyake, K., Kito, K., Kotemori, A., Sasaki, K., Yamamoto, J., Otagiri, Y., Nagasawa, M., Kuze-Arata, S., Mogi, K., Kikusui, T., Ishihara, J.

  13. Pets Are Associated with Fewer Peer Problems and Emotional Symptoms, and Better Prosocial Behavior: Findings from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children

    | Contributor(s):: Christian, H., Mitrou, F., Cunneen, R., Zubrick, S. R.

  14. The Role of Pets in Supporting Cognitive-Behavioral Chronic Pain Self-Management: Perspectives of Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Janevic, Mary R., Shute, Varick, Connell, Cathleen M., Piette, John D., Goesling, Jenna, Fynke, Julie

  15. Come for the looks, stay for the personality? A mixed methods investigation of reacquisition and owner recommendation of Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Pugs

    | Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., O'Neill, D. G., Fletcher, F., Farnworth, M. J.

  16. Self-reports of Dutch dog owners on received professional advice, their opinions on castration and behavioural reasons for castrating male dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Roulaux, P. E. M., van Herwijnen, I. R., Beerda, B.

  17. Auditory–Visual Matching of Conspecifics and Non-Conspecifics by Dogs and Human Infants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Eszter Petró, Katalin Oláh, József Topál

    We tested whether dogs and 14–16-month-old infants are able to integrate intersensory information when presented with conspecific and heterospecific faces and vocalisations. The looking behaviour of dogs and infants was recorded with a non-invasive eye-tracking technique while they were...

  18. The Other End of the Leash: An Experimental Test to Analyze How Owners Interact with Their Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giulia Cimarelli, Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsófia Virányi

    It has been suggested that the way in which owners interact with their dogs can largely vary and influence the dog-owner bond, but very few objective studies, so far, have addressed how the owner interacts with the dog. The goal of the present study was to record dog owners' interaction...

  19. Who's a Good Handler? Important Skills and Personality Profiles of Wildlife Detection Dog Handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Wildlife detection dog teams are employed internationally for environmental surveys, and their success often depends on the dog handler. Minimal research is available on the skills that dog handlers believe are important, and no research has been published on the personality profiles of...

  20. Exploring the Effects of Pet Preference, Presence, and Personality on Depression Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Puskey, Jasmine L., Coy, Anthony E.

    Pets live in nearly two-thirds of US households and are thought to increase wellbeing. However, previous research is mixed regarding the extent to which pets actually provide benefits. One understudied factor that may help clarify these findings is pet preference, or the extent to which a person...