Understanding Fear and Stranger-Directed Aggression in Companion Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Hannah Flint
Stranger-directed aggression is both a public safety and animal welfare concern. The objectives of this thesis were to identify risk factors for stranger-directed aggression in dogs, to assess the effect of targeted owner training on the accuracy of ratings of fear in dogs, and to identify...
Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis
| Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno
Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...
Measuring Attachments Between Dogs and Their Owners
| Contributor(s):: Joanne Wilshaw
This thesis details the development and testing of a new scale for measuring human attachment to dogs which allows for the measurement of weaker attachment levels as well as stronger ones (the CDA scale). The correlation between dog-owner’s scores on the CDA scale and their dog’s...
Canine and Feline Parvoviruses Can Use Human or Feline Transferrin Receptors To Bind, Enter, and Infect Cells
| Contributor(s):: John SL Parker, William J Murphy, Dai Wang, Stephen J O'Brien, Colin R Parrish
Canine parvovirus (CPV) enters and infects cells by a dynamin-dependent, clathrin-mediated endocytic pathway, and viral capsids colocalize with transferrin in perinuclear vesicles of cells shortly after entry (J. S. L. Parker and C. R. Parrish, J. Virol. 74:1919–1930, 2000). Here we...
Association of Dog and Cat Ownership with Incident Frailty among Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese
| Contributor(s):: Taniguchi, Y., Seino, S., Nishi, M., Tomine, Y., Tanaka, I., Yokoyama, Y., Ikeuchi, T., Kitamura, A., Shinkai, S.
Acquiring a Pet Dog: A Review of Factors Affecting the Decision-Making of Prospective Dog Owners
| Contributor(s):: Katrina E. Holland
Given the prevalence of pet dogs in households throughout the world, decisions regarding dog acquisition affect many people each year. Across the stages of dog acquisition there is potential for practices that may promote or compromise canine welfare. For instance, prospective owners may not...
The Views of the UK Public Towards Routine Neutering of Dogs and Cats
| Contributor(s):: Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Dorothy E.F. McKeegan
Despite being routinely recommended by veterinarians, neutering of dogs and cats has both positive and negative impacts on animal welfare and is ethically problematic. We examined attitudes of a sample of the UK public towards routine neutering of dogs and cats using a questionnaire....
The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills
Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...
Parallels in the interactive effect of highly sensitive personality and social factors on behaviour problems in dogs and humans
| Contributor(s):: Bräm Dubé, M., Asher, L., Würbel, H., Riemer, S., Melotti, L.
The Effects Of Dog Ownership On Self-Efficacy Levels
| Contributor(s):: Juliana Oleksy
Multiple studies have been conducted and have concluded that dogs do have a positive impact on both physical and mental health. When it comes to mental health, researchers have found that dog-interaction has decreased stress levels. Stress levels have a negative relationship with self-efficacy...
The Bridge River Dogs: Interpreting aDNA and Stable Isotope Analysis Collected From Dog Remains
| Contributor(s):: Emilia Tifental
Excavations at the Bridge River site have been on-going since 2003, increasing our understanding of the communities that inhabited the Middle Fraser Canyon, British Columbia, over 1,000 years ago. The most recent excavation at Housepit 54 in the summer of 2014 supplied further data regarding...
An Attachment Style Based Experimental Design to Maximize Dog Adoption Success
| Contributor(s):: Claire Weinman
Evolution and domestication have brought dogs very close to humans. Research has found numerous behavioral, cognitive, neurological, and physiological similarities between the two species. Additional research has found that humans and dogs can share cross-species attachments that are comparable...
Dogs and Their Owners Have Frequent and Intensive Contact
| Contributor(s):: Joosten, P., Van Cleven, A., Sarrazin, S., Paepe, D., De Sutter, A., Dewulf, J.
Canine Endogenous Oxytocin Responses to Dog-Walking and Affiliative Human–Dog Interactions
| Contributor(s):: Lauren Powell, Kate M. Edwards, Adrian Bauman, Adam J. Guastella, Bradley Drayton, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Paul McGreevy
Several studies suggest human–dog interactions elicit a positive effect on canine oxytocin concentrations. However, empirical investigations are scant and the joint influence of human–dog interaction and physical activity remains unexplored. The aims of the current study were to (a)...
Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment
| Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman
The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...
Ovariectomy Impairs Socio-Cognitive Functions in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Antonio D’Ambrosio, Biagio D’Aniello
Recent studies have underlined the effect of ovariectomy on the spatial cognition of female dogs, with ovariectomized dogs showing a clear preference for an egocentric rather than an allocentric navigation strategy whereas intact females did not show preferences. Intact females had better...
Association between Pet Ownership and Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
| Contributor(s):: Miyake, K., Kito, K., Kotemori, A., Sasaki, K., Yamamoto, J., Otagiri, Y., Nagasawa, M., Kuze-Arata, S., Mogi, K., Kikusui, T., Ishihara, J.
Pets Are Associated with Fewer Peer Problems and Emotional Symptoms, and Better Prosocial Behavior: Findings from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children
| Contributor(s):: Christian, H., Mitrou, F., Cunneen, R., Zubrick, S. R.
The Role of Pets in Supporting Cognitive-Behavioral Chronic Pain Self-Management: Perspectives of Older Adults
| Contributor(s):: Janevic, Mary R., Shute, Varick, Connell, Cathleen M., Piette, John D., Goesling, Jenna, Fynke, Julie
Come for the looks, stay for the personality? A mixed methods investigation of reacquisition and owner recommendation of Bulldogs, French Bulldogs and Pugs
| Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., O'Neill, D. G., Fletcher, F., Farnworth, M. J.